Black Capuchin

Black Capuchin

Black-horned capuchin

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Sapajus nigritus
Population size
Unknown
WEIGHT
2-3.5 kg

Black capuchins belong to the New World monkeys and are found only in South America. They have dark brown or black fur on the body, and white areas around the cheeks and forehead. Black capuchins have a prehensile tail, which helps them move through the trees with ease.

Video

Distribution

Black capuchins are found in the Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Brazil and far north-eastern Argentina. They inhabit submontane and montane moist forest.

Black Сapuchin habitat map

Geography

Continents
Countries

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Black capuchins are considered arboreal creatures. They mainly occur in the tree canopy, however will also drop to the forest floor to forage, where insects and nuts are most abundant. They arediurnal and social animals. They like to live in groups, usually consisting of 6 to 20 members, and are hierarchal. Despite the fact that these groups tend to be made up of more females than males, the alpha female of the group is submissive to the alpha male. Communication within groups consists of bodily, facial and vocal communications. One example of this is the 'scream embrace mechanism’, a high pitched called used to regroup members of a group. This call is usually used between males.

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Black capuchins are omnivores. Their diet consists of fruit, flowers, leaves, insects, spiders and even small mammals.

Mating Habits

PREGNANCY DURATION
151-155 days
BABY CARRYING
1 infant
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
infant

Little is known about the mating system in Black capuchins. Females give birth to a single infant after a gestation period that lasts around 151-155 days. Females in this species become reproductively mature at 4 years of age, while males usually attain maturity a few years later.

Population

Population threats

Black capuchins are threatened mainly by the habitat loss, hunting, and the pet trade. They are also considered a crop pest in some areas of their range such as pine plantations and sugar cane.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Black capuchin total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

Ecological niche

Black capuchins eat fruits and thus act as important seed dispersers of their range. This way these animals contribute to regeneration of the forest.

References

1. Black Capuchin on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_capuchin
2. Black Capuchin on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/136717/70614145

More Fascinating Animals to Learn About