Black Duiker

Black Duiker

Tuba

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Cephalophus niger
Population size
100,000
Life Span
10-14 yrs
WEIGHT
15-20 kg
HEIGHT
50 cm
LENGTH
90-100 cm

Black duikers are small forest-dwelling antelopes. They have soft glossy black coats. The head is a rust color with a large red crest between the ears. These animals have a short tail that is black on top and white on the underside. Black duikers have long, thin horns that are often hidden in a tuft of hair on top of the head.

Distribution

Black duikers are found in West Africa ranging from the southern parts of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Benin, and Nigeria. They live mainly in lowland rainforest and occur on the edge of primary forest, gallery forests, bushes, and thickets.

Black Duiker habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Black duikers are territorial animals. They are usually found alone or in pairs. They are most active around dusk and dawn but in undisturbed areas, they may be more diurnal. Black duikers spend their time feeding, grooming and resting. They prefer to rest in dense thickets or between buttress roots of large trees. These animals are very fast and have a very sharp sense of smell.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Black duikers are herbivorous (folivorous, frugivorous) animals. They feed on fruits, flowers, and leaves which have fallen from the canopy. They may also eat insects, eggs and sometimes birds.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
PREGNANCY DURATION
126 days
BABY CARRYING
1 calf
FEMALE NAME
doe
MALE NAME
buck
BABY NAME
calf

There is little information known about the mating system in Black duikers. The mating season takes place year round, but the peak of births usually occurs from November to January. The gestation period lasts around 126 days after which only one calf is born. The newborn weighs 1.94 kg and is weaned around 90 days of age.

Population

Population threats

The main threat to Black duikers is overhunting for bushmeat and are considered to be in decline across their range.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Black duikers is 100,000 individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Black Duiker on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_duiker
2. Black Duiker on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/4145/50183437

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