Greater gliders are small gliding marsupials. Females in this species are generally larger than the males. Bodies of these gliders are covered with a soft shaggy coat of fur that increases their apparent size. Fur colour varies within a single population and ranges from white to brown and charcoal. Their tail is long and bushy. Each side of the body bears membranes which stretch between the elbow and the ankle. That gives the animal the ability to perform controlled glides. The feet of these animals have strongly recurved claws which alow them to grip onto bark or other surfaces. They have five toes on each foot, the first toe is on the hind foot, and the first two toes on the fore foot are opposable.
Greater gliders are found in Australia. They occur in southern Queensland, eastern Australia, southeastern New South Wales, and the montane forests of the Victorian central highlands. They prefer specific species of eucalypt but also inhabit manna gum and mountain gum trees. Greater gliders occur in high basal areas of over-story. They need large patch sizes of old-growth forest. They are commonly found in places which contain many trees with hollows.
Greater gliders are primarily nocturnal. They spend the night foraging in the highest parts of the forest canopy. During the day, they spend most of their time denning in hollowed trees. Each animal inhabits up to twenty different dens within its home range. The dens are often lined with leaves and strips of bark. Within forests, males and females will have home territories and set borders between other members. Although home ranges may overlap, the animals remain generally solitary outside of the breeding season and only rarely interact. These animals regularly glide between high trees and are able to use their tails to assist in steering. They avoid traveling along the ground whenever possible, and are slow and clumsy if forced to do so. Greater gliders do not make any loud sounds. They are thought to communicate through scent marking. Their cloacal glands give them a generally musty smell.
Greater gliders exhibit polygynous mating system, however some males are monogamous. They don't help in raising young. The breeding season is relatively brief. It lasts from February to May. Births occur between April and June. Only a single young is born each year. The underdeveloped baby will then spend the next 4 months within the pouch of the mother to suckle and develop, and will remain in the pouch until 9 months of age. After leaving the pouch, the mother may carry it about on her back until it is weaned at about 7 months of age. Greater gliders become reproductively mature between 18 months and 2 years after birth.
Main threats to Greater gliders are land clearing for agriculture, logging, bushfires fragmentation of their old-growth habitat. It is difficult for them to migrate through unfavorable habitat because they eat only the leaves of specific eucalyptus trees and they are also very clumsy on the ground. It's extremely difficult for them to cross open tree-less areas.
According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Greater gliders is 50,000-500,000 mature individuals. This species’ numbers are decreasing and it is currently classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List.