Lyle's Flying Fox

Lyle's Flying Fox

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Pteropus lylei
Population size
Unknown
WEIGHT
390-480 g
WINGSPAN
90 cm

Lyle's flying fox is a moderate-sized species. It has a long snout, large eyes, pointed ears, and a fox-like face. The upper parts are mostly blackish apart from a broad collar of orange fur and sometimes a dark brown or yellowish-brown lower body. The wings are black or dark brown, while the underparts are dark brownish-black.

Video

Distribution

Lyle's flying foxes are native to the countries in southern Asia adjoining the Gulf of Thailand. Their range extends from southern Thailand through central and southern Cambodia to the extreme southwestern part of Vietnam. They also occur in Yunnan Province in China. These bats live in the tropical and sub-tropical forest, mangrove forests and can also be found in plantations and secondary forests.

Lyle's Flying Fox habitat map

Geography

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Lyle's flying foxes are gregarious and roost in big colonies high in the trees. They feed during the night but the roosting colony can be quite active during the day, with mothers feeding their young and the bats moving around and vocalizing. While foraging they may fly 50 km (31 mi) between their roosting sites.

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Lyle's flying foxes are mainly frugivorous animals. They feed on fruits which include mango, cashew, monkey jack, sapodilla, dragonfruit, Java apple, tamarind, jambolan, and roseapple. They also feed on flowers, nectar, and pollen.

Mating Habits

PREGNANCY DURATION
140-190 days
BABY CARRYING
1-2 pups
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
pup

Little is known about the mating system in Lyle's flying foxes. Females give birth to a single pup, occasionally twins. The gestation period lasts around 140-190 days. During the first days after birth, the baby clings to its mother and later it is left on the branch or holes while the mother does foraging.

Population

Population threats

Lyle's flying foxes are threatened by the loss of habitat, as existing trees die and are not replaced by new plantings. Another threat is hunting in Thailand and Cambodia and persecution by farmers across their range trying to protect their orchards.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Lyle's flying fox total population size. However, there is an estimated population of this species in Thailand which consists of about 3,000 individuals. Currently, Lyle's flying foxes are classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

Ecological niche

When feeding, Lyle's flying foxes chew the fruit and spit out most of the seeds, but some seeds are swallowed and pass through the bat, resulting in their dispersal. These bats also feed on pollen and may act as pollinators of some local plants and trees.

References

1. Lyle's Flying Fox on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyle%27s_flying_fox
2. Lyle's Flying Fox on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/18734/8513517

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