Mamushi

Mamushi

Japanese moccasin, Japanese pit viper, Qichun snake, Japanese mamushi

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Gloydius blomhoffii
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
14 yrs
LENGTH
45-81 cm

Mamushi is a venomous pitviper species found in Japan and Russia. It is the most venomous snakes in Japan. Every year, around 2000-3000 people in Japan are bitten by a mamushi. The body pattern of these snakes consists of a pale gray, reddish-brown, or yellow-brown background, overlaid with a series of irregularly-shaped lateral blotches. These blotches are bordered with black and often have lighter centers. Their head is dark brown or black, with beige or pale-gray sides.

Distribution

Mamushi are found in Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu islands in Japan, and Kunasir Island (the southernmost island of the Kuril Islands archipelago) in Russia. These snakes live in a range of habitats, including swamps, marshes, meadows, open woodland, grassland, rocky hillsides, and montane rock outcroppings. They are also often found in and around farmland due to the abundance of rodents.

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Countries

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

These snakes lead a solitary life. They are active during the day spending most of their time hiding and waiting for their prey to pass by. Mamushi are typically ambush predators that use their excellent camouflage to hide in vegetation or leaf litter.

Diet and Nutrition

Mamushi are carnivores and feed mainly on rodents, but also small birds, lizards, and insects.

Mating Habits

BABY CARRYING
2-13 young
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
snakelet

Mamushi are viviparous snakes which means that they give birth to live young. Females usually reproduce in August-October and litter consists of 2 to 13 neonates. Young mamushi are born fully developed and become reproductively mature when they are 3-4 years old.

Population

Population threats

There are no major threats to mamushi at present. However, these snakes are collected for commercial use and are killed because of fear.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the mamushi total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are stable.

References

1. Mamushi on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mamushi
2. Mamushi on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/192065/2035458

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