Nilgiri Marten

Nilgiri Marten

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Martes gwatkinsii
Population size
1,000
WEIGHT
2 kg
LENGTH
55-65 cm

The elusive Nilgiri marten is the only marten species found in India. They are deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish. The bright throat ranges in color from yellow to orange. They are similar in appearance to the Yellow-throated marten but only larger and have a prominent frontal concavity.

Distribution

Nilgiri martens are found in southern India. They are distributed from the Travancore Kerala, Nilgiris, Kodagu north up to the Charmadi ghats, Karnataka. Nilgiri martens live in evergreen forests and montane forest-grassland mosaics. They also occur in tea, acacia, coffee, cardamom, and wattle plantations.

Nilgiri Marten habitat map

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Countries

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Nilgiri martens are diurnal creatures. They are mainly arboreal but descend to the ground occasionally. They are social and spend their time and even hunt in groups.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Nilgiri martens are omnivorous and prey on birds, small mammals, and insects such as cicadas. They also feed on a variety of fruits and seeds.

Mating Habits

BABY NAME
kit

Little is know about the mating system and reproductive behavior in Nilgiri martens.

Population

Population threats

The main threats to Nilgiri martens include habitat conversion for construction of roads and dams. These animals also suffer from persecution because they often destruct bees-box contents.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are stable.

Ecological niche

Nilgiri martens play an important role in their ecosystem: the seeds they eat as part of their varied diet are eventually dispersed throughout the forest by way of feces.

References

1. Nilgiri Marten on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri_marten
2. Nilgiri Marten on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/12847/86161239

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