Red Giant Flying Squirrel

Red Giant Flying Squirrel

Common giant flying squirrel

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Petaurista petaurista
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
16 yrs
WEIGHT
1750 g
LENGTH
42 cm

The Red giant flying squirrel is a large species of flying squirrel. They have a membrane of skin between their legs and arms, which is used to glide between trees. These flying squirrels have dark red colouring, large eyes and long slender tail. Entire body is dark reddish except for black on nose, chin, eye-ring, behind the ears, feet and tail tip.

Video

Distribution

Red giant flying squirrels are found in northern South Asia, East Asia and Southeast Asia. Their range extends from Afghanistan, into northern India and Pakistan through to Java, and Taiwan, and also Sri Lanka. They can also be found in parts of Borneo and were recorded in Peninsular Malaysia, including Penang, Tioman Island and also Singapore. These flying squirrels inhabit a wide range of forests. They live in moist evergreen broadleaf forest, coniferous forests, scrub forest, rocky areas and in mountain peaks.

Red Giant Flying Squirrel habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Red giant flying squirrels are solitary and arboreal. They are good climbers and can glide for long distances up to 75 metres (250 ft.) or greater. They live in nest holes which are usually located at least 10m above ground. Red giant flying squirrels do not hibernate but may migrate to areas with more food. They are also able to explore conifer plantations and use them as feeding and resting areas. These flying squirrels are nocturnal being most active between sunset and midnight. They usually become vocal during the evening hours and their low, monotonous moan is believed to be a mating call.

Lifestyle
Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Red giant flying squirrels are herbivorous animals. They feed primarily on conifer cones, leaves and branches, and, when in season, fruits and nuts, and occasionally insects.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
February-August
BABY CARRYING
1-2 kittens
INDEPENDENT AGE
2.5 months
FEMALE NAME
doe
MALE NAME
buck
BABY NAME
pup, kit, kitten

Little is known about the mating system and reproductive behavior of Red giant flying squirrels. They usually breed once a year. Females give birth to 1 or 2 kittens in February and August. Young are nursed in a nest made by the mother until 2.5 months of age.

Population

Population threats

Mian threat to Red giant flying squirrels is habitat destruction due to logging, agriculture, dam construction, infrastructure development, and urbanization.

Population number

According to IUCN, the Red giant flying squirrel is locally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List, however its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Red Giant Flying Squirrel on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_giant_flying_squirrel
2. Red Giant Flying Squirrel on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/16723/115138344

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