Sharpe's Grysbok

Sharpe's Grysbok

Northern grysbok

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Raphicerus sharpei
Population size
95,000
WEIGHT
7-11.5 kg
HEIGHT
45-60 cm
LENGTH
65-75 cm

Sharpe's grysboks are small, shy antelopes. They have a reddish-brown coat which is streaked with white; eye-rings, around mouth, throat, and underside are off-white in color. The males have stubby horns, which are widely spaced. Sharpe's grysboks have a short deep muzzle with a large mouth and heavy molar (grinding) teeth.

Video

Distribution

Sharpe's grysboks are widespread throughout south-eastern Africa. They are found in Transvaal (South Africa), Caprivi Strip (Namibia), Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania to Lake Victoria. These antelopes live in woodland areas with low-growing scrub or medium-length grass. Their habitat is rocky hill country, but they prefer fertile zones on the lower slopes.

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Sharpe's grysboks are solitary and secretive creatures. The male and the female share one territory which is marked with dung middens. These antelopes use a communal latrine and mark sticks in its vicinity with pre-orbital gland secretions. Sharpe's grysboks are nocturnal feeders and spend the day in the protective cover of tall grass or shrubs. They are extremely timid and will run away at the first sign of anything unusual; this flight is often accompanied with "short stamping hops". They also often hide in aardvark burrows.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Sharpe's grysboks are herbivores (folivores). They feed on leaves, buds, herb, and fruits. Sometimes they may feed on grass.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
PREGNANCY DURATION
7 months
BABY CARRYING
1-2 calves
FEMALE NAME
doe
MALE NAME
buck
BABY NAME
calf

Little is known about the mating system in Sharpe's grysboks. They can breed throughout the year. Females usually give birth to 1 or 2 calves after the gestation period of 7 months. Males don't take part in raising the calves. Young are usually weaned when they are 3 months old and become reproductively mature from 6 to 9 months after birth.

Population

Population threats

There are no major threats to Sharpe's grysboks. However, these antelopes are hunted occasionally for their meat.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Sharpe's grysboks is 95,000 individuals. This species’ numbers are stable and it is currently classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

References

1. Sharpe's Grysbok on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharpe%27s_grysbok
2. Sharpe's Grysbok on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/19307/50193414

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