Alaska red-tailed hawk

Alaska red-tailed hawk


Buteo jamaicensis alascensis

The Alaska red-tailed hawk is a subspecies of red-tailed hawk that breeds from southeastern coastal Alaska to the Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island in British Columbia. Despite its northerly distribution, this is the second smallest of the red-tailed hawks. Only the Jamaican red-tailed hawk is smaller. The largest females from this race are smaller than almost all male red tails from other races in Canada. In wing chord males range from 334 to 362 mm, averaging 346.5 mm, and females range from 358 to 363 mm, averaging 360.5 mm . males and females average 227.6 and 226.9 mm in tail length, 86.9 and 83.2 mm in tarsal length and 24.4 and 26.4 mm in culmen length. This race is darker than the pale morph of the western red-tailed hawk, nearly solidly dark brown above with almost no pale mottling on the scapulars. The breast is slightly rufous with dark arrowheads rather than streaking around the belly, meanwhile the rest of the underside down to the "trousers" is paler and more washed out than on B. j. calurus. Immatures of this race are usually blackish brown overall with a white throat and wide tail bands, rather unlike B. j. calurus.

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