Annobón is a province of Equatorial Guinea consisting of the island of Annobón, formerly also Pigalu and Pagalu, and its associated islets in the Gulf of Guinea. According to the 2015 census, Annobón had 5,314 inhabitants. The island's main industries are fishing and forestry.
Originally, this small equatorial island 335 kilometres from the Gabonese coast was uninhabited and had great biological diversity. With colonization, islanders used rafts or 'cayucos', and hunted humpback whales, whale calves, and other cetaceans with harpoons near to the island.
Today the Annobón white-eye and the Annobón paradise flycatcher are endemic passeri, as is the São Tomé Island or Malherbi pigeon, There are 29 species of bird on the island as well as 2 bat species reptiles : 1 snake, 3 geckos, 2 scincid lizards, 3 marine turtles; river fish: 18 species mosquitoes, scorpions, and huge centipedes. Introduced domestic animals include fish, guinea fowl, rats, dogs, and cats. The island has no indigenous mammalian predators. Sharks are found in the surrounding sea.
There are 208 species of vascular plant including the 'point up' baobab, ceiba, ficus, ferns and tree ferns, and great moss masses.