Arabian Tahr

Arabian Tahr

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Arabitragus jayakari
Population size
2,202-2,324
Life Span
22 yrs
WEIGHT
17-45 kg
HEIGHT
61-64 cm
LENGTH
93-95 cm

The Arabian tahr is a stocky build ungulate with backward-arching horns in both sexes. Males are much more robust than females. Their coats consist of long, reddish-brown hair, with a dark stripe running down the back. Males possess the most impressive manes which extend right down the back and grow longer, based on age. In the oldest males, the muzzle darkens to black and the eye stripes also darken. As with most mountain goats and sheep, they have rubber-like hooves to provide balance and traction on the steep, rocky slopes.

Di

Diurnal

He

Herbivore

Fo

Folivore

Te

Terrestrial

Pr

Precocial

Br

Browsing

Te

Territorial

Vi

Viviparous

So

Solitary

So

Social

He

Herding

No

Not a migrant

A

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Biogeographical realms

Arabian tahrs are native to eastern Arabia. These animals live on steep rocky slopes of the Al Hajar Mountains in Oman and the United Arab Emirates. They are also found in the area of Jebel Hafeet - a mountain in the region of Tawam, on the border of the United Arab Emirates and Oman.

Arabian Tahr habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Arabian tahrs are typically solitary or live in small groups consisting of a female and a kid, or a male. These animals are active during the day and start feeding early in the morning. They are highly dependent on water and need to drink every two to three days during summer. They descend from their point of elevation to drink from river courses known as wadis and travel to new areas when the water dries up.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Arabian tahrs are herbivores. They feed on shrubs, leaves, fruits of most trees and grasses.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
PREGNANCY DURATION
140-145 days
BABY CARRYING
1-2 kids
INDEPENDENT AGE
2-3 years
BABY NAME
kid

Arabian tahrs breed throughout the year and are thought to be monogamous. Instead of forming herds during seasonal ruts, they reproduce in small, dispersed family units. The female gives birth to 1 or rarely 2 kids after the gestation period that lasts from 140 to 145 days. The kid is born fully developed but remains with its parents for about 2-3 years before becoming independent. By this time the young becomes reproductively mature and is ready to breed.

Population

Population threats

Arabian tahrs are threatened by intense overgrazing, poaching, and habitat destruction. In Oman, a recent increase of human migration to urban areas has resulted in domestic goats becoming feral and foraging in places that were once strictly the tahr's home. Habitat degradation is also another major threat, due to the construction of roads, buildings, and mineral extraction. Also, poaching often occurs when tahrs descend down from the mountains for water.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Arabian tahr is 2,202-2,324 mature individuals. Currently, this species is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Arabian Tahr on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_tahr
2. Arabian Tahr on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/9918/156925170

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