Azara's agoutis are rodents named after Spanish naturalist Félix de Azara. They have a brown back and a whitish belly. The hair is glossy and coarse. These animals have 3 toes on their hind feet and 5 toes on the front feet.
Azara's agoutis are found in South America. They occur in Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. They are also common in Eastern Bolivia. These rodents inhabit forest patches within savannahs and lowland Atlantic forests.
Azara's agoutis are active during the day. It's quite difficult to study these animals as they are naturally extremely shy and will flee and hide when humans approach. Their shyness is thought to be related to their solitary lifestyles and maybe because they are heavily preyed upon by many carnivorous species, including humans. However, if bred in captivity, they can become trusting animals. When threatened Azara's agoutis will let out little barks. These animals are sometimes known as "jungle gardeners", as they often bury nuts and seeds and forget where they put them, therefore helping new plants to grow. Azara's agoutis also can swim well and are often seen near water.
Little is known about the mating system and reproductive behavior of Azara's agoutis. It is known that these animals breed year-round with the peak in August and September. Females give birth to 2-4 pups.
The population of this species may have gone locally extinct in some areas due to hunting.
The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the Azara's agouti total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Data Deficient (DD) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.