Beaked Sea Snake

Beaked Sea Snake

Hook-nosed sea snake, Common sea snake, Valakadyn sea snake

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Enhydrina schistosa
Population size
Unknown
LENGTH
120 cm

The Beaked sea snake is a highly venomous species of sea snake common throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific. It is usually uniformly dark grey above; sides and lower parts are whitish. Young specimens are olive or grey with black transverse bands, broadest in the middle.

Distribution

Beaked sea snakes are found in the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf (off Oman), south of the Seychelles and Madagascar, the seas off South Asia (Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh), Southeast Asia (Myanmar (formerly Burma), Thailand, Vietnam). These snakes are generally found in shallow waters with muddy or sandy bottoms, estuaries, river mouths, and coastal lagoons and islands.

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Beaked sea snakes are active both during the day and at night. They are able to dive up to 100 m and stay underwater for a maximum of five hours before resurfacing. Sea snakes are equipped with glands to eliminate excess salt. They are venomous and notably aggressive, with some herpetologists describing them as "cantankerous and savage". About 1.5 milligrams of their venom is estimated to be lethal.

Lifestyle

Diet and Nutrition

Beaked sea snakes are carnivores (piscivores) and feed exclusively on fish.

Mating Habits

BABY CARRYING
30 young
FEMALE NAME
female
MALE NAME
male
BABY NAME
snakelet

Beaked sea snakes give birth to a large number of live young that can reach 30 or even more. Young snakes usually spend 6-12 months in the shallow water before they are ready to leave out to sea. Reproductive maturity is reached at around 18 months of age and females usually give birth to the first clutch of young when they are around 24 months old.

Population

Population threats

The main threats to Beaked sea snakes include pollution, entanglement in fishing nets, and collection for their venom and skins.

Population number

According to IUCN, the Beaked sea snake is common throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are stable.

References

1. Beaked Sea Snake on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enhydrina_schistosa
2. Beaked Sea Snake on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/176719/136258180

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