Bell miner

Bell miner

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Manorina melanophrys

The bell miner, commonly known as the bellbird, is a colonial honeyeater, endemic to southeastern Australia. The common name refers to their bell-like call. 'Miner' is an old alternative spelling of 'myna', and is shared with other members of the genus Manorina. The birds feed almost exclusively on the dome-like coverings, referred to as 'bell lerps', of certain psyllid bugs that feed on eucalyptus sap from the leaves. The psyllids make these bell lerps from their own honeydew secretions in order to protect themselves from predators and the environment. Bell miners live in large, complex, social groups. Within each group, there are subgroups consisting of several breeding pairs, but also including a number of birds that are not currently breeding. The nonbreeders help in providing food for the young in all the nests within the subgroup, even though they are not necessarily closely related to them. The birds defend their colony area communally and aggressively, excluding most other passerine species. They do this in order to protect their territory from other insect-eating birds that would eat the bell lerps on which they feed. Whenever the local forests die back, due to increased lerp psyllid infestations, bell miners undergo a population boom. The heritage listed mountain village of Bellbrook NSW was named after the distinctive sound of local bellbirds in 1882.

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Distribution

Geography

Countries
Biogeographical realms

Bell miner habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR

References

1. Bell miner Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_miner
2. Bell miner on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22704430/93968246
3. Xeno-canto bird call - https://xeno-canto.org/571662

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