Blue-headed quail-dove

Blue-headed quail-dove

Blue-headed quail-dove

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Starnoenas cyanocephala

The blue-headed quail-dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala), or blue-headed partridge-dove, is a species of bird in the pigeon and dove family Columbidae. It is monotypic within the subfamily Starnoenadinae and genus Starnoenas.


This bird has a mainly cinnamon-brown body with a bright blue crown, black eye stripe, white facial stripe, and a black gorget narrowly bordered with white markings and blue mottling on the sides. 30–33 cm in length.



Biogeographical realms

This species is endemic to Cuba. Its natural habitat is lowland forests and swampy areas. It can occasionally be found in highland forests.

Blue-headed quail-dove habitat map


Blue-headed quail-dove habitat map
Blue-headed quail-dove
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Habits and Lifestyle

This species lives primarily on the forest floor where it forages for seeds, berries, and snails. It is generally found in pairs, though larger groups have been recorded with 18 birds found at a water hole in 1995. Breeding occurs mainly between April and June, with nests made on or close to the ground.

Seasonal behavior
Bird's call

Diet and Nutrition



The species was once common and widespread throughout Cuba. Today, it is very rare or virtually extinct in most of its range. As of 2012, the population size is estimated to be between 1,000 and 2,499 individuals and there are three populations with good numbers near the Zapata Swamp and in the Pinar del Río Province. However, the density of this species may be greater than previously estimated, and as such there may be more individuals than previously expected. The population is suspected to have a slow or moderate declining trend. The major threats to the species continue to be hunting and habitat destruction. Its meat tastes good and thus the animal is still illegally trapped. Large hurricanes are also a threat to the species due to the damage caused to large areas of forest.

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It is protected under national law, though this is not enforced and hunting continues. The only known highland population is protected in the La Güira National Park.

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1. Blue-headed quail-dove Wikipedia article -
2. Blue-headed quail-dove on The IUCN Red List site -
3. Xeno-canto bird call -

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