Boiga trigonata

Boiga trigonata

Boiga trigonata, Indian gamma snake, Common cat snake

Boiga trigonata

Boiga trigonata, commonly known as the Indian gamma snake or common cat snake, is a species of rear-fanged colubrid endemic to South Asia.


B. trigonata has anterior palatine and mandibular teeth scarcely larger than the posterior. Its eyes are as long as the distance from its nostril; the rostral is broader than deep with the internasal scales shorter than the prefrontal scales. The frontal scales are longer than their distance from the end of the snout and shorter than the parietal scales. The loreals are as long as they are deep, or, they can be deeper than they are long. B. trigonata 's one preocular does not extend to the upper surface of the head. The species has two postoculars, temporals 2+3, and 8 upper labials, with the third, fourth, and fifth entering the eye. They can have 4 or 5 lower labials in contact with the anterior chin-shields, which are about as long as the posterior. B. trigonata' s body is moderately laterally compressed with smooth dorsal scales in 21 (or rarely 19) rows, with apical pits, disposed obliquely, with the vertebrals very feebly enlarged. There are 229-269 ventral scales, 79-92 divided subcaudal scales, and a single anal scale.

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B. trigonata has a yellowish-olive or pale grey colour along the back and a white black-edged zigzag band along the length of the head with two brown bands edged with black, diverging posteriorly. The belly is white and can have a series of small brown spots along each side.

The total length is around 3 feet (91 cm) with a 7-inch (18 cm) tail.

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B. trigonata is found in the Perso-Baluchistan frontier.

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It is distributed throughout Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Afghanistan (Leviton 1959: 461), southern Turkmenistan, southern Uzbekistan, southeastern Tajikistan, and Iran.

The race melanocephala is found in Pakistan; this form is variously considered as a subspecies, color variant, or full species.

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Boiga trigonata habitat map
Boiga trigonata habitat map

Habits and Lifestyle


Diet and Nutrition



1. Boiga trigonata Wikipedia article -
2. Boiga trigonata on The IUCN Red List site -

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