Chinese rufous horseshoe bat

Chinese rufous horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus sinicus

The Chinese rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus ) is a species of bat in the family Rhinolophidae. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, and Vietnam.

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The species is most easily confused with R. affinis, from which it is best distinguished by its straight-sided lancet and the relatively short second phalanx of the third digit (< 66% of the length of the metacarpal; Csorba et al. 2003).

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The Chinese rufous horseshoe bat has a forearm length of 43–56 mm (1.7–2.2 in). It has an ear length of 15–20 mm (0.59–0.79 in) and a tail length of 21–30 mm (0.83–1.18 in). Overall, it is considered a medium-sized horseshoe bat. It is similar in appearance to the rufous horseshoe bat, though with longer wings. While also similar to Thomas's horseshoe bat, it is slightly larger. The fur on its back is bicolored: the basal two-thirds of individual hairs are brownish-white, while the tips of the hairs are reddish brown. Its belly fur is paler in color and is brownish-white.


Biogeographical realms

Habits and Lifestyle

The Chinese rufous horseshoe bat is a social animal, forming colonies of a few individuals up to several hundred. During the reproductive season, the sexes segregate, with females forming maternity colonies. Additionally this species is a food source of the parasite Sinospelaeobdella, a jawed land leech. They roost in caves, often with other bat species.



Population number

Chinese rufous horseshoe bats are a least-concern species, assessed by the Red List of Threatened Species on the basis that it has fairly wide distribution and is locally common in southeast Asia. The species is not listed in the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife in 1989.


1. Chinese rufous horseshoe bat Wikipedia article -
2. Chinese rufous horseshoe bat on The IUCN Red List site -

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