Provinces and territories
Newfoundland and Labrador
The only puffins native to the Atlantic Ocean, these birds spend the autumn and winter in the open ocean of the cold northern seas and then return to coastal areas at the start of the breeding season in late spring. Atlantic puffins spend much time each day preening to keep their plumage in order and spread oil from their preen glands. Just like with other seabirds, their upper surface is black, and their underside is white. This provides ...
camouflage to puffins as aerial predators are unable to locate them against the dark, watery background, and underwater attackers fail to notice them as they blend in with the bright sky above the waves. The Atlantic puffin is the official bird symbol of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The striking appearance of these birds, their large, colorful bill, waddling gait, and behavior have given rise to a number of informal names including "clowns of the sea" and "sea parrots"; juvenile puffins may be called "pufflings".