Conolophus marthae

Conolophus marthae

Conolophus marthae, Galápagos pink land iguana

2 languages
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Subphylum
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Genus
SPECIES
Conolophus marthae

Conolophus marthae, the Galápagos pink land iguana, is a species of lizard of the family Iguanidae. This critically endangered iguana is native only to the Wolf Volcano in northern Isabela Island of the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). It has a pink body with some dark stripes, prompting some to call it the pink iguana or the Galápagos rosy iguana. The species was first discovered in 1986 and was identified as a separate species, distinct from the Galápagos land iguana, early in 2009. This species is the only example of ancient diversification in the genus Conolophus.

Di

Diurnal

He

Herbivore

Zo

Zoochory

Is

Island endemic

Te

Terrestrial

Ov

Oviparous

Pr

Precocial

Te

Territorial

Mi

Migrating

C

starts with

Geography

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Islands

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Mating Habits

BABY CARRYING
4 to 7

Population

Conservation

Fewer than 200 mature individuals remain. When first described, it was suggested that it should be considered a critically endangered species due to its tiny range and population, and this recommendation was followed when the IUCN reviewed its status in 2012. The area where it lives is uninhabited by humans, and also difficult to access, which limits research into the species. The Galápagos pink land iguana is threatened by introduced feral cats and black rats, which can take eggs and young. The only native predator of the species is the Galápagos hawk. Other threats are possible hybridization with Galápagos land iguanas (unknown at present, but has occurred based on genetic evidence), as the ranges of the two species come into contact, and chance events such as eruptions of Wolf Volcano, which has happened as recently as 2022. It has been proposed that a captive breeding program should be established for the Galápagos pink land iguana, similar to the successful program already established for some populations of the Galápagos land iguana.

References

1. Conolophus marthae Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conolophus_marthae
2. Conolophus marthae on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/174472/1414375

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