Cuba is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located where the northern Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean meet. Cuba is located at the east of the Yucatán Peninsula, south of both the American state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola, and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. The official area of Cuba is 109,884 km2, The main island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, Cuba is the second-most populous country in the Caribbean after Haiti, with over 11 million inhabitants.
The country's fourth national report to the CBD contains a detailed breakdown of the numbers of species of each kingdom of life recorded from Cuba, the main groups being: animals, bacteria, chromista, fungi, including lichen-forming species, plants and protozoa, The bee hummingbird or zunzuncito is the world's smallest bird and known dinosaur, with 5.5 cm, and it is native to Cuba. The Cuban trogon or tocororo is the national bird of Cuba and an endemic species. Hedychium coronarium, named mariposa in Cuba, is the national flower.
Cuba is home to six terrestrial ecoregions: Cuban moist forests, Cuban dry forests, Cuban pine forests, Cuban wetlands, Cuban cactus scrub, and Greater Antilles mangroves. It had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.4/10, ranking it 102nd globally out of 172 countries.
According to a 2012 study, Cuba is the only country in the world to meet the conditions of sustainable development put forth by the WWF.