Cuban Solenodon

Cuban Solenodon

Almiqui

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Genus
SPECIES
Solenodon cubanus
Population size
Unknown
Life Span
5 yrs
WEIGHT
1 kg
LENGTH
41-56 cm

The Cuban solenodon is an insectivore native to Cuba. It is unusual among mammals in that its saliva is venomous. With small eyes and dark brown to black hair, the Cuban solenodon is sometimes compared to a shrew, although it most closely resembles members of the tenrec family, of Madagascar. It has an elongated snout and a long, naked, scaly tail.

No

Nocturnal

Om

Omnivore

Ca

Carnivore

In

Insectivores

Te

Terrestrial

Al

Altricial

Bu

Burrowing

Is

Island endemic

Po

Polygyny

So

Solitary

No

Not a migrant

C

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Subcontinents
Countries
Biogeographical realms

Cuban solenodons are found only in the dense, humid forests of Cuba.

Cuban Solenodon habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Cuban solenodons are solitary animals that live underground in their burrows and thus are very rarely seen. They are nocturnal and travel at night along the forest floor, looking for insects and small animals on which to feed. With venom from modified salivary glands in the lower jaw, they can kill lizards, frogs, small birds, or even rodents. They also climb well and often forage in trees.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Cuban solenodons are omnivores and have a varied diet. They eat insects and other invertebrates, small rodents, lizards, frogs, small birds, fungi, roots, fruits, berries, and buds.

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR
REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
BABY CARRYING
1-2 young

Cuban solenodons are polygynous which means they only meet up to mate and the male mates with multiple females. The males do not participate in raising any of the young. Cuban solenodons may breed throughout the year and females usually give birth to 2 litters of 1-2 young per year. The young are born blind and hairless and stay with their mother for several months until they reach independence.

Population

Population threats

Cuban solenodons are threatened by deforestation, habitat degradation due to logging and mining, and predation by feral cats and dogs, and the invasive small Asian mongoose introduced by humans.

Population number

The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Cuban solenodon total population size. Currently, this species is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

Ecological niche

Cuban solenodons are important predators in the ecosystem they live in and also help to disperse the seeds of the fruits and berries they feed on.

References

1. Cuban Solenodon on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_solenodon
2. Cuban Solenodon on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/20320/22327125

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