Darwin's Fox

Darwin's Fox

Darwin's zorro, Zorro chilote (Spanish), Zorro de Darwin (Spanish)

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Suborder
Family
Genus
SPECIES
Lycalopex fulvipes
Population size
639
Life Span
7 yrs
WEIGHT
1.8-4 kg
LENGTH
48-59 cm

Darwin's fox is a small endangered canid that lives in Chile and on Chiloé Island. It has dark gray fur with reddish areas on the head and muzzle. Darwin's fox was first collected from San Pedro Island off the coast of Chile by the naturalist Charles Darwin in 1834. It was long held to be a subspecies of the South American gray fox; however, the discovery of a small population of Darwin's fox on the mainland in Nahuelbuta National Park in 1990 and subsequent genetic analysis has clarified the fox's status as a unique species.

No

Nocturnal

Di

Diurnal

Om

Omnivore

Ca

Carnivore

Sc

Scavenger

Te

Terrestrial

Cu

Cursorial

Pr

Predator

Al

Altricial

Zo

Zoochory

Vi

Viviparous

Mo

Monogamy

So

Solitary

No

Not a migrant

D

starts with

Distribution

Geography

Continents
Countries
Biogeographical realms

Darwin's foxes occur in Nahuelbuta National Park (Araucanía Region) and on the Valdivian Coastal Range (Los Ríos Region) on mainland Chile and Chiloé Island. They are found only in southern temperate rainforests and inhabit areas of primary forests.

Darwin's Fox habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Darwin's foxes are solitary animals; they prefer to hunt and spend their time singly and interact with each other only during the breeding season. They are most active at twilight and before sunrise.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Darwin's foxes are omnivores and occasionally scavengers. Their diet includes mammals, reptiles, beetles, invertebrates, fruits, and berries. They will also sometimes eat amphibians and carrion.

Mating Habits

MATING BEHAVIOR
REPRODUCTION SEASON
October
BABY CARRYING
2-3 kits
FEMALE NAME
vixen
MALE NAME
reynard, tod
BABY NAME
kit, cub, pup

It is suggested that Darwin's foxes are monogamous and form pairs. They breed once a year in October and give birth to a litter of 2-3 kits. The young are born blind and helpless and require their mother's milk and parental care.

Population

Population threats

Fragmentation of forest adjacent to the national park and on the island is the main threat to Darwin's foxes. Feral dogs may also pose a serious threat to their survival by spreading a disease or directly attacking. Persecution by people who think that the foxes attack domestic fowls is also a potential problem.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, there is a minimum of 412 mature individuals occur on Chiloé Island and 227 mature individuals on the mainland. Currently, Darwin's fox is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing.

References

1. Darwin's Fox on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darwin%27s_fox
2. Darwin's Fox on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/41586/107263066

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