The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country in Central Africa. It is, by area, the second largest country in Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of around 92 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most populous country in the world. It is a member of the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, African Union, COMESA, and the East African Community.
The rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo contain great biodiversity, including many rare and endemic species, such as the common chimpanzee and the bonobo, the African forest elephant, the mountain gorilla, the okapi and the white rhino. Five of the country's national parks are listed as World Heritage Sites: the Garumba, Kahuzi-Biega, Salonga and Virunga National Parks, and the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of 17 Megadiverse countries, and is the most biodiverse African country.
Conservationists have particularly worried about primates. The Congo is inhabited by several great ape species: the common chimpanzee, the bonobo, the eastern gorilla, and possibly the western gorilla, It is the only country in the world in which bonobos are found in the wild. Much concern has been raised about great ape extinction. Because of hunting and habitat destruction, the chimpanzee, the bonobo and the gorilla, each of whose populations once numbered in the millions, have now dwindled down to only about 200,000 gorillas, 100,000 chimpanzees and possibly only about 10,000 bonobos. Gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos are all classified as endangered by the World Conservation Union, as well as the okapi, which is also native to the area.