Eastern black rhinoceros

Eastern black rhinoceros

Eastern black rhinoceros, East african black rhinoceros, Eastern hook-lipped rhinoceros


Diceros bicornis michaeli

The eastern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli ) is also known as the East African black rhinoceros or eastern hook-lipped rhinoceros. It is a subspecies of the black rhinoceros. Its numbers are very low due to poaching for its horn and it is listed as critically endangered.


The eastern black rhino is distinguishable from the southern subspecies as it has a longer, leaner, and more curved horn. Its skin is also very grooved. Diceros bicornis michaeli is also reportedly more aggressive than the other three subspecies of black rhino. They are browsers and are usually found in highland forest and savanna habitat.


Introduced Countries
Biogeographical realms


Population number

Once located in Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, and Kenya, as of 2017 they can only be found in Kenya (594 animals), Rwanda and in northern Tanzania (80 animals). A population of currently 60 animals is kept outside its natural range in South Africa (Addo Elephant National Park). The population has declined 90% in the last three generations. In 2010 their total numbers were estimated at 740 animals, with an increasing trend. They are threatened mainly from illegal poaching for their horns.

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The IUCN figures for Diceros bicornis michaeli also include those for black rhinos from South Sudan, Uganda, southwestern Ethiopia, and western Kenya. These are referred to a separate subspecies (Diceros bicornis ladoensis ) by some authorities. As the black rhino is extirpated in most of these areas, the status of the latter subspecies is unclear. Some animals of the Kenyan population may belong to it.

The Rhino was examined by Benson and others through the Kenya Wildlife Service and had an article published by the African Journal of Ecology (Benson, 1, 791). Each individual Rhino's relationship concerning “density dependence...sex ratio, and underlying growth rates” was the team's main focus. The Rhino began increasing its population growth to the point when growth rate was nonexistent.

Rhinos are currently listed as threatened under the Conservation Status for a number of factors but mainly due to illegal poaching. The 90% decline in their population is a hazard as they see mortality rates increase, as well as consistent emigration (Primack, 2002). The reason why the Rhino increases its densities and their birth rate decreases is because of the continuous threat of poaching and emigration.

Sex ratio brings about reproduction issues because the male numbers begin to dominate, leaving too low of a number of females to allow positive, consistent birth and growth rates (Benson, 2, 792).

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1. Eastern black rhinoceros Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_black_rhinoceros
2. Eastern black rhinoceros on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/39320/45814520

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