Endemic Animals of Colombia








Cotton-Top Tamarin
Cotton-Top Tamarin
The Cotton-top tamarins are impressive primates with a characteristic white crest that is composed of long hairs, surrounding their neck. This unique animal exhibits a rather small body and a thick coat, which is brown on the back and shoulders. The head crest and legs vary in color from white to yellow. When moving through their forest range, these animals run along and jump between tree branches, using all of their four legs, which are almost ...
the same size. All of their toes and fingers (except for halluces) are equipped with claws instead to nails, making these tamarins excellent climbers, moving with a squirrel-like manner. Currently, this species is among the most endangered primates, found in South America.
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Cotton-Top Tamarin
Golden poison frog
Golden poison frog
The golden poison frog, also known as the golden frog, golden poison arrow frog, or golden dart frog, is a poison dart frog endemic to the Pacific coast of Colombia. The optimal habitat of P. terribilis is the rainforest with high rain rates, altitudes from sea level to 200 m elevation, temperatures of at least 26 °C, and relative humidity of 80–90%. In the wild, P. terribilis is largely solitary and territorial; however, captive P. terribilis sp ...
ecimens can live in much larger groups. They may appear innocuous due to their small size and bright color, but wild frogs are lethally toxic. It's considered the most poisonous and toxic animal in the world.
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Golden poison frog
Red-crested tree-rat
Red-crested tree-rat
The red-crested tree-rat or Santa Marta toro is a species of tree-rat found in the monotypic genus Santamartamys in the family Echimyidae. It is nocturnal and is believed to feed on plant matter, and is mainly rufous, with young specimens having a grey coat. IUCN list the species as critically endangered: it is affected by feral cats, climate change, and the clearing of forest in its potential range in coastal Colombia. It is known only from ...
three specimens, a specimen collected in 1898 in Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and identified by Herbert Huntingdon Smith, a specimen identified by the American ornithologist and entomologist Melbourne Armstrong Carriker in 1913 at the same location, and a further specimen observed in the same location in 2011. Found at altitudes of 700 to 2,000 metres, the species is endemic to Colombia in an isolated area with high levels of biodiversity. The species was initially identified as Isothrix rufodorsalis in 1899, re-classified as Diplomys rufodorsalis in 1935, and the monotypic genus Santamartamys was created in 2005 for the species.
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Red-crested tree-rat
Red-bellied grackle
Red-bellied grackle
The red-bellied grackle is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. Its genus, Hypopyrrhus, is monotypic. One of the grackles, it is endemic to Colombia where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. The species is threatened by habitat destruction and the International Union for Conservation of Nature considers it to be a "vulnerable species".
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Red-bellied grackle
Chiribiquete emerald
Chiribiquete emerald
The Chiribiquete emerald is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is endemic to southern Colombia.
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Chiribiquete emerald
Colombian mountain grackle
Colombian mountain grackle
The Colombian mountain grackle, is a species of bird in the family Icteridae.
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Colombian mountain grackle
Indigo-capped hummingbird
Indigo-capped hummingbird
The indigo-capped hummingbird is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae.
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Indigo-capped hummingbird
Fuertes's parrot
Fuertes's parrot
Fuertes's parrot, also known as the indigo-winged parrot, is a parrot which has a highly restricted range on the west slope of the Central Andes of Colombia. It is classified by the IUCN as being critically endangered. It is threatened by deforestation.
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Fuertes's parrot
Colombian chachalaca
Colombian chachalaca
The Colombian chachalaca is a species of bird in the family Cracidae. It is endemic to the forests and woodlands in the inter-Andean valleys in Colombia. Colombian Chachalacas are frugivorous and lead an arboreal lifestyle. The large seeds they disperse through defecation support the maintenance of diverse tropical forests.
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Colombian chachalaca
Dusky starfrontlet
Dusky starfrontlet
The dusky starfrontlet, also known as glittering starfrontlet, is a hummingbird species in the subfamily Trochilinae. It is found only at high altitudes in the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia, and was first discovered on Páramo de Frontino. Its status was mysterious for a long time as it was only known from a single museum specimen; and erroneously considered to be an immature golden-bellied starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei. When it was ...
rediscovered in 2004, in what is now the Colibri del Sol Bird Reserve, its status as a distinct species was confirmed.
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Dusky starfrontlet
Cauca guan
Cauca guan
The Cauca guan is a bird in the chachalaca, guan and curassow family, Cracidae. It is a large guan, and like most guans leads a mostly arboreal life in humid forests, where it forages for fruit and leaves. The Cauca guan is endemic to Colombia's Cauca River valley. In Spanish the bird is called pava caucana.
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Cauca guan
Green-bearded helmetcrest
Green-bearded helmetcrest
The green-bearded helmetcrest is a species of hummingbird endemic to Colombia. It is found in the Eastern Andes / Cordillera Oriental at altitudes from 3000 to 5200m. In July 2014, the IUCN Red List has classed the green-bearded helmetcrest as Least Concern.
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Green-bearded helmetcrest
Black inca
Black inca
The black inca is a species of hummingbird found only in Colombia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and urban areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Black inca
Santa Marta sabrewing
Santa Marta sabrewing
The Santa Marta sabrewing is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Colombia.
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Santa Marta sabrewing
White-mantled barbet
White-mantled barbet
The white-mantled barbet is a species of bird in the family Capitonidae. It is endemic to Colombia. Its natural habitats are tropical moist montane forests, pastureland, and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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White-mantled barbet
Santa Marta warbler
Santa Marta warbler
The Santa Marta warbler is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is endemic to the Santa Marta Mountains in Colombia.
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Santa Marta warbler
Santa Marta woodstar
Santa Marta woodstar
The Santa Marta woodstar is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Colombia.
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Santa Marta woodstar
Black-and-gold tanager
Black-and-gold tanager
The black-and-gold tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to Colombia.
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Black-and-gold tanager
Gold-ringed tanager
Gold-ringed tanager
The gold-ringed tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, endemic to Colombia. It inhabits high-altitude cloud forest on the slopes of the western cordillera of the Andes. The bird is found in small numbers within a limited geographical area, and much of its breeding biology has yet to be described. It is a vulnerable species, threatened by habitat loss.
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Gold-ringed tanager
Santa Marta wren
Santa Marta wren
The Santa Marta wren is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is endemic to Colombia.
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Santa Marta wren
Antioquia wren
Antioquia wren
The Antioquia wren is a passerine from the wren family . It was discovered in March 2010 in the vicinity of the Cauca River in Antioquia, Colombia and described as a new species in 2012. The epithet commemorates the late Marco Antonio Serna Díaz, a Colombian naturalist from San Vicente Ferrer, Antioquia.
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Antioquia wren
Munchique wood wren
Munchique wood wren
The Munchique wood wren is a member of the wren family that was described as new to science in 2003. It is found in the Western Andes of Colombia.
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Munchique wood wren
Antioquia bristle tyrant
Antioquia bristle tyrant
The Antioquia bristle tyrant is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Colombia. This species is sometimes placed in the genus Phylloscartes.
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Antioquia bristle tyrant
Tolima blossomcrown
Tolima blossomcrown
The Tolima blossomcrown is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae and is endemic to Colombia.
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Tolima blossomcrown
Greyish piculet
Greyish piculet
The greyish piculet is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is endemic to Colombia.
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Greyish piculet
Santa Marta antpitta
Santa Marta antpitta
The Santa Marta antpitta is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is endemic to Colombia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Santa Marta antpitta
Yellow-crowned whitestart
Yellow-crowned whitestart
The yellow-crowned whitestart, Santa Marta whitestart or yellow-crowned redstart, is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is endemic to the highland forest and woodland in the Santa Marta Mountains in Colombia.
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Yellow-crowned whitestart
Yellow-eared parrot
Yellow-eared parrot
The yellow-eared parrot is an endangered parrot of the tropics in South America. It is found in the Andes of Colombia. This species was thought to be extinct up until April 1999, when a group of researchers that were sponsored by ABC and Fundación Loro Parque, discovered a total of 81 individuals in the Colombian Andes. It is currently enlisted as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. Its current population ...
trend is increasing, in part due to conservation measures implemented to protect the existing populations of the species. It is closely associated with the wax palm .
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Yellow-eared parrot
Blue-billed curassow
Blue-billed curassow
The blue-billed curassow is a species of bird in the family Cracidae, the chachalacas, guans, and curassows. It is endemic to Colombia.
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Blue-billed curassow
Turquoise-winged parrotlet
Turquoise-winged parrotlet
The turquoise-winged parrotlet is a species of parrot in the family Pscittacidae.
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Turquoise-winged parrotlet
Blue-bearded helmetcrest
Blue-bearded helmetcrest
The blue-bearded helmetcrest is a species of hummingbird endemic to the Santa Marta Mountains in northeastern Colombia. It has elongated purply blue throated feathers, which assemble in the form of a beard and a prominent white crest. The white frame from the face extends from the rear of the head, around the ear coverts and down to the breast side.
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Blue-bearded helmetcrest
Buffy helmetcrest
Buffy helmetcrest
The buffy helmetcrest is a species of hummingbird found only in the paramo of the Central Andes of Colombia. In July 2014, this species was listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List.
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Buffy helmetcrest
Santa Marta screech owl
Santa Marta screech owl
The Santa Marta screech owl is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. It is found only in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta of Colombia.
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Santa Marta screech owl
Santa Marta parakeet
Santa Marta parakeet
The Santa Marta parakeet is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is endemic to Colombia.
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Santa Marta parakeet
Beautiful woodpecker
Beautiful woodpecker
The beautiful woodpecker is a bird species in the woodpecker family . It is endemic to Colombia. Until recently, it was united with the golden-naped woodpecker of Central America as subspecies. But the different appearance and allopatric ranges argue in favor of recognizing the two as distinct species. According to "Birds of Northern South America" by Robin Restall the back is barred and the belly and breast are white, but that appears to be in ...
error based on photos of the birds in Colombia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.
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Beautiful woodpecker
Multicoloured tanager
Multicoloured tanager
The multicoloured tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to the mountains of Colombia, and as of 2010 has been categorized as vulnerable by the IUCN.
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Multicoloured tanager
Gorgeted puffleg
Gorgeted puffleg
The gorgeted puffleg is a hummingbird endemic to Colombia. This species was discovered in 2005, and confirmed as a new species to science in 2007. It faces the risk of extinction, and therefore a status of Critically Endangered has been recommended. The only known habitat is the cloud forests of the Serranía del Pinche, in the West Andes. The habitat is threatened by clearing forest for agriculture, especially coca farming.
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Gorgeted puffleg
Chestnut wood quail
Chestnut wood quail
The chestnut wood quail is a bird species in the family Odontophoridae, the New World quail. It is found only in Colombia.
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Chestnut wood quail
Flame-rumped tanager
Flame-rumped tanager
The flame-rumped tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in semi-open forest and woodland.
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Flame-rumped tanager
Flame-winged parakeet
Flame-winged parakeet
The flame-winged parakeet, also known as the brown-breasted parakeet, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is endemic to forest edge and shrub at altitudes of 1,700–3,400 m above sea level on the east Andean slope in Colombia. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Flame-winged parakeet
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