Endemic Animals of Cyprus








Cyprus scops owl
Cyprus scops owl
The Cyprus scops owl is an owl endemic to Cyprus. Some taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies of the Eurasian scops owl.
Discover more
Cyprus scops owl
Western subalpine warbler
Western subalpine warbler
The western subalpine warbler is a small typical warbler which breeds in the southernmost areas of Europe and north-western Africa. Like most Curruca species, it has distinct male and female plumages. The adult male has a grey back and head, brick-red underparts, and white malar streaks . The female is mainly brown above, with a greyer head, and whitish below with a pink flush. The subalpine warbler's song is fast and rattling, and is similar to ...
the lesser whitethroat. This bird seems to be related to the Sardinian warbler–Menetries' warbler superspecies. They all have white malar areas, the heads being dark above in adult males, and naked eye-rings. These three species are related to a superspecies consisting of Rüppell's warbler and the Cyprus warbler, which also share the white malar area with blackish above. The subalpine warbler is divided into two distinct subspecies groups, which may possibly be sufficiently diverged to qualify as two separate species . The two groups have differing male plumages, distinctive calls, and are allopatric; further study is needed. In May 2020, the IOC world bird list the split of western and eastern subalpine warbler as two distinct species. This is a bird of dry open country, often on hill slopes, with bushes for nesting. The nest is built in low shrub or gorse, and 3–5 eggs are laid. Like most "warblers", it is insectivorous, but will also take berries.
Discover more
Western subalpine warbler
Cyprus dipper
Cyprus dipper
The Cyprus dipper was a bird species endemic to Cyprus. It was a stream wader in the montane forests of the island. This insectivorous bird was last observed c. 1950 on Cyprus. It disappeared after deforestation.
Discover more
Cyprus dipper
Cyprus whip snake
Cyprus whip snake
The Cyprus whip snake is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. It is endemic to Cyprus.
Discover more
Cyprus whip snake
Cyprus grass snake
Cyprus grass snake
The Cyprus grass snake is an endangered subspecies of the grass snake and is endemic to the island of Cyprus. Hans-Jorg Wiedl, also known as Snake George, is working hard to save this rare snake and has created an online petition to appeal for help.
Discover more
Cyprus grass snake
Cypriot mouse
Cypriot mouse
The Cypriot mouse is a species of mouse endemic to Cyprus. Its primary habitat seems to be the vineyards and fields of the Troödos Mountains region.
Discover more
Cypriot mouse