Endemic Animals of Dominican Republic








Rhinoceros Iguana
Rhinoceros Iguana
The Rhinoceros iguana is an endangered species of iguana that lives on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The largest in their genus, these iguanas vary in length and skin colors that range from a steely grey to dark green and even brown. Their name derives from the bony-plated pseudo-horn or outgrowth which resembles the horn of a rhinoceros on the iguana's snout.
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Rhinoceros Iguana
Sphaerodactylus ariasae
Sphaerodactylus ariasae
Sphaerodactylus ariasae, commonly called the Jaragua sphaero or the Jaragua dwarf gecko, is the smallest species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae.
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Sphaerodactylus ariasae
White-necked crow
White-necked crow
The white-necked crow is the largest of the four Caribbean corvids. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola ; it was formerly also extant on Puerto Rico, but has been extirpated there due to considerable forest clearance and hunting.
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White-necked crow
Palmchat
Palmchat
The palmchat is a small, long-tailed passerine bird, the only species in the genus Dulus and the family Dulidae endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola . It is related to the waxwings, family Bombycillidae. Its name reflects its strong association with palms for feeding, roosting, and nesting. The palmchat is the national bird of the Dominican Republic.
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Palmchat
Hispaniolan trogon
Hispaniolan trogon
The Hispaniolan trogon is a species of bird in the family Trogonidae. It is endemic to Hispaniola in the Caribbean. It is one of the only two trogon species found in the Caribbean. It is the national bird of Haiti.
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Hispaniolan trogon
Hispaniolan amazon
Hispaniolan amazon
The Hispaniolan amazon or Hispaniolan parrot, colloquially known as cuca, is a species of Amazon parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is endemic to Hispaniola, and has been introduced to Puerto Rico. The main features that differentiate it from other amazons are the white forehead, pale beak, white eye-ring, blue ear patch, and red belly. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, ...
subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and plantations. It is threatened in its home range by habitat loss and the capture of individuals for the pet trade. Introduction of the species into Puerto Rico was primarily done by a release of birds raised in captivity, as a studied rehearsal for the reintroduction program of the highly endangered and related Puerto Rican amazon .
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Hispaniolan amazon
Hispaniolan parakeet
Hispaniolan parakeet
The Hispaniolan parakeet is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae that is endemic to the island of Hispaniola . Localized feral populations also exist in Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, and the Miami, Florida area, where they sometimes associate with canary-winged parakeets. It is often captured for the parrot trade.
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Hispaniolan parakeet
Antillean piculet
Antillean piculet
The Antillean piculet is a species of bird in the woodpecker family Picidae. It is monotypic within the genus Nesoctites. The species is evolutionarily distinct from the other piculets and is afforded its own subfamily Nesoctitinae. It is endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola . A fossil feather in amber attributed to the genus has been found in the Dominican Republic, showing that the ancestors of the species have been isolated on ...
Hispaniola for at least 25 million years.
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Antillean piculet
Hispaniolan crossbill
Hispaniolan crossbill
The Hispaniolan crossbill is a crossbill that is endemic to the island of Hispaniola, and the only representative of the Loxia genus in the Caribbean.
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Hispaniolan crossbill
Bay-breasted cuckoo
Bay-breasted cuckoo
The bay-breasted cuckoo is a species of cuckoo that is endemic to the Dominican Republic on Hispaniola in the Caribbean. In the Dominican Republic, it is known locally as "cúa", the name coming from the call it makes, followed by a "u-ak-u-ak-ak-ak-ak-ak-ak ak-ak" sound.
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Bay-breasted cuckoo
Antillean siskin
Antillean siskin
The Antillean siskin is a species of finch in the family Fringillidae, and the only species of the genus Spinus found in the Caribbean.
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Antillean siskin
Western chat-tanager
Western chat-tanager
The western chat-tanager is a passerine bird belonging to the family Calyptophilidae. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean.
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Western chat-tanager
La Selle thrush
La Selle thrush
The La Selle thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola . A skulker of broadleaf and pine forests around 1300m, it is limited to a small and declining population in the inland Dominican Republic, as well as a relict population in Haiti.
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La Selle thrush
White-winged warbler
White-winged warbler
The white-winged warbler, also called the Hispaniolan highland-tanager, is a species of bird classified in the family Phaenicophilidae. It is the only member of the genus Xenoligea, and is endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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White-winged warbler
Least poorwill
Least poorwill
The least pauraque, or least poorwill, is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae of birds, and the only confirmed extant species of the genus Siphonorhis . It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola .
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Least poorwill
Ridgway's hawk
Ridgway's hawk
Ridgway's hawk is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. It is classified as Critically Endangered because of habitat destruction and human persecution in the Dominican Republic; however, due to conservation efforts, the population is now increasing. It is named in honour of the ornithologist Robert Ridgway.
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Ridgway's hawk
Hispaniolan woodpecker
Hispaniolan woodpecker
The Hispaniolan woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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Hispaniolan woodpecker
Antillean mango
Antillean mango
The Antillean mango is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found on the Caribbean islands of Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the British Virgin Islands, and the Virgin Islands, U.S..
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Antillean mango
Broad-billed tody
Broad-billed tody
The broad-billed tody is a species of bird in the family Todidae, and one of two Todus species found on Hispaniola, along with the narrow-billed tody. They are small insectivorous birds, characterized by their bright green feathers, pink flanks and red throats. They occur at elevations lower than 1700 meters and prefer drier habitats to that of wet rainforests. The broad-billed tody does not migrate and occupies very small territories. These ...
birds are often seen hopping along perches, foraging for insects with their long bills among the leaves. Broad-billed todies have two principle vocalizations, the first being their general call which sounds like a whistle and the second call sounding more trilly, when they encounter a predator. They can also create a rattling noise by running wind through their feathers. Their breeding season runs from April to July, in which the female will lay one clutch of eggs, containing one to four eggs. The nestlings take three weeks to mature into juveniles and then fly off to establish their own territory. Broad-billed todies are not a threatened species, and are therefore of least concern to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature .
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Broad-billed tody
Antillean euphonia
Antillean euphonia
The Antillean euphonia is a bird species in the finch family, Fringillidae . It is found in all the main islands of the Lesser Antilles, as well as Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and heavily degraded former forest.
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Antillean euphonia
Hispaniolan lizard cuckoo
Hispaniolan lizard cuckoo
The Hispaniolan lizard cuckoo is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola . Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.
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Hispaniolan lizard cuckoo
Narrow-billed tody
Narrow-billed tody
The narrow-billed tody is a species of bird in the Todidae family, and one of two Todus species found on Hispaniola, along with the broad-billed tody, where it is endemic.
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Narrow-billed tody
Hispaniolan emerald
Hispaniolan emerald
The Hispaniolan emerald is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae.
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Hispaniolan emerald
White-fronted quail-dove
White-fronted quail-dove
The white-fronted quail-dove is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Dominican Republic though it may formerly have occurred in Haiti as well.
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White-fronted quail-dove
Hispaniolan oriole
Hispaniolan oriole
The Hispaniolan oriole is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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Hispaniolan oriole
Eastern chat-tanager
Eastern chat-tanager
The eastern chat-tanager is a species of bird formerly placed in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, in central and southern parts of the Dominican Republic.
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Eastern chat-tanager
Hispaniolan nightjar
Hispaniolan nightjar
The Hispaniola nightjar, also known as the Hispaniolan nightjar, is a nightjar species endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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Hispaniolan nightjar
Hispaniolan pewee
Hispaniolan pewee
The Hispaniolan pewee is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae family. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean.
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Hispaniolan pewee
Hispaniolan spindalis
Hispaniolan spindalis
The Hispaniolan spindalis is a species of bird from the Spindalis genus formerly in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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Hispaniolan spindalis
Flat-billed vireo
Flat-billed vireo
The flat-billed vireo is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. It is endemic to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola .
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Flat-billed vireo
Hispaniolan common tree frog
Hispaniolan common tree frog
The Hispaniolan common tree frog, or Dominican tree frog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to the island of Hispaniola .
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Hispaniolan common tree frog
Hispaniolan yellow tree frog
Hispaniolan yellow tree frog
The Hispaniolan yellow tree frog, or common treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Hispaniola, where it is found in both the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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Hispaniolan yellow tree frog
Hispaniolan giant tree frog
Hispaniolan giant tree frog
The Hispaniolan giant tree frog, or Hispaniola tree frog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Hispaniola, found in both the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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Hispaniolan giant tree frog
Spiny giant frog
Spiny giant frog
The spiny giant frog or Norton's robber frog, Eleutherodactylus nortoni, is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae. It is named after James W. Norton who accompanied Albert Schwartz in his 1974 expedition to Hispaniola and collected the holotype.
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Spiny giant frog
Peltophryne guentheri
Peltophryne guentheri
Peltophryne guentheri, the southern crested toad or Gunther's Caribbean toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Hispaniola and found in the lowlands of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
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Peltophryne guentheri
Baoruco hammer frog
Baoruco hammer frog
The Baoruco hammer frog is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae found in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Baoruco hammer frog
Eleutherodactylus abbotti
Eleutherodactylus abbotti
Eleutherodactylus abbotti, sometimes known as the Abbott's robber frog, is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Hispaniola . It is very common species inhabiting mesic woods and forest and open habitats, including urban areas. Typically it is found under litter, logs and trash.
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Eleutherodactylus abbotti
Los Bracitos tree frog
Los Bracitos tree frog
The Los Bracitos tree frog, or Hispaniolan green treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Hispaniola and found below 1,856 m asl. The species was named in honour of professor Angelo Heilprin who funded the expedition that this species was discovered on.
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Los Bracitos tree frog
Eleutherodactylus inoptatus
Eleutherodactylus inoptatus
Eleutherodactylus inoptatus is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to Hispaniola; it is found both in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. With female snout–vent length of about 88 mm, it is the largest eleutherodactylid frog.
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Eleutherodactylus inoptatus
Eleutherodactylus patriciae
Eleutherodactylus patriciae
Eleutherodactylus patriciae is a species of frog in the family Eleutherodactylidae endemic to the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic, at elevations of 2,000–3,050 m asl. Its natural habitats are closed upland forest and forest remnants. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by agriculture and by disturbance from ecotourism. Also chytridiomycosis is a threat.
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Eleutherodactylus patriciae
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