Endemic Animals of DR Congo








Bonobo
Bonobo
Bonobos are one of the closest living relatives to humans, sharing DNA of more than 98%. These great apes have profound intelligence and are complex beings with emotional expression and sensitivity. Compared to the competitive and male-dominated culture of the chimpanzee, bonobo society is matriarchal, peaceful, and more egalitarian. Due to their compassionate and caring society, bonobos act as a strong symbol of cooperation and peace. Although ...
similar in size to the more well-known chimp, the bonobo is often called the pygmy chimpanzee, as it has a more slender body. Like chimpanzees, the forearms of bonobos are longer than their legs, and they have mobile shoulder joints and long fingers.
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Bonobo
Okapi
Okapi
The okapi was not discovered until 1901. Okapia johnstoni, its taxonomic name, honors its native Central African name, as well as the man who ‘discovered’ it, the British explorer Sir Harry Johnston, naturalist, and colonial administrator. Native pygmies in Central Africa had known about this animal, which they thought of as a type of horse, for generations, and this was the description of it they gave to Sir Henry Morton Stanley (the man who fou ...
nd Dr Livingtone, reportedly with the words, ‘Dr. Livingstone, I presume’). The okapi is, in fact, a forest-dwelling relative of the giraffe.
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Okapi
Lesula
Lesula
The lesula is a species of Old World monkey in the guenon family. It is the second new species of African monkey that was discovered since 1984. This monkey is described to have human looking eyes and a blue bottom. Lesulas have blond fur on their chest, throat and chin. The rest parts of their body has black fur fading into silver-grey tones on the thighs. Their slender tails are amber in color, darkening to black closer the tip. The face, ears ...
and eyelids of these monkeys are naked and range from pink-grey to tan.
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Lesula
Golden-Bellied Mangabey
Golden-Bellied Mangabey
Golden-bellied mangabeys are Old World monkeys found in Central Africa. These are large quadrupedal monkeys that have cheek pouches to store food during foraging. Golden-bellied mangabeys have an orange fur on their front side and are usually brown, black, white, or gray on the back side. These primates have very long tails that are even longer than their bodies and provide good balance when animals move through the tree canopy.
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Golden-Bellied Mangabey
Congo peafowl
Congo peafowl
The Congo peafowl, also known as the African peafowl or mbulu by the Bakôngo, is a species of peafowl native to the Congo Basin. It is one of three peafowl species and the only member of the subfamily Pavoninae native to Africa. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
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Congo peafowl
Eastern lowland gorilla
Eastern lowland gorilla
The eastern lowland gorilla or Grauer's gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif. It is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. It has a jet black coat like the mountain ...
gorilla, although the hair is shorter on the head and body. The male's coat, like that of other gorillas, greys as the animal matures, resulting in the designation "silverback". There are far fewer eastern lowland gorillas compared to western lowland gorillas. According to a 2004 report there were only about 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas in the wild, down to fewer than 3,800 in 2016, compared to over 100,000 western lowland gorillas. Outside their native range, only one female eastern lowland gorilla lives in captivity, at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium.
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Eastern lowland gorilla
Wolf's mona monkey
Wolf's mona monkey
Wolf's mona monkey, also called Wolf's guenon, is a colourful Old World monkey in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in central Africa, primarily between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. It lives in primary and secondary lowland rainforest and swamp forest.
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Wolf's mona monkey
Yellow-crested helmetshrike
Yellow-crested helmetshrike
The yellow-crested helmetshrike is a species of bird in the Vanga family Vangidae, formerly usually included in the Malaconotidae.
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Yellow-crested helmetshrike
Rockefeller's sunbird
Rockefeller's sunbird
Rockefeller's sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is native to the western part of the Albertine Rift montane forests.
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Rockefeller's sunbird
Prigogine's nightjar
Prigogine's nightjar
Prigogine's nightjar or the Itombwe nightjar, is a bird species of tropical central Africa. It is known from only one specimen taken in the Itombwe Mountains in Zaire in February 1952.
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Prigogine's nightjar
Lufira masked weaver
Lufira masked weaver
The Lufira masked weaver, also known as Ruwet's masked weaver or the Lake Lufira weaver, is a species of bird in the weaver family, Ploceidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitat is swamps in the south-east part of the country. It is sometimes regarded as a subspecies of the Tanzanian masked weaver.
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Lufira masked weaver
Prigogine's greenbul
Prigogine's greenbul
Prigogine's greenbul is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found only in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Prigogine's greenbul
Congo bay owl
Congo bay owl
The Congo bay owl is a species of owl in the barn owl family, Tytonidae. It is restricted to a small area in the Albertine Rift montane forests.
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Congo bay owl
Bedford's paradise flycatcher
Bedford's paradise flycatcher
Bedford's paradise flycatcher is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Bedford's paradise flycatcher
Black-lored waxbill
Black-lored waxbill
The black-lored waxbill is a species of estrildid finch found around the Lualaba River and Lake Upemba in the southern part of The Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of less than 2,600 km2.
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Black-lored waxbill
Yellow-legged weaver
Yellow-legged weaver
The yellow-legged weaver is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Yellow-legged weaver
Golden-naped weaver
Golden-naped weaver
The golden-naped weaver is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is found in the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Golden-naped weaver
Prigogine's double-collared sunbird
Prigogine's double-collared sunbird
Prigogine's double-collared sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is found in the Marungu highlands of southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the greater double-collared sunbird.
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Prigogine's double-collared sunbird
Chapin's babbler
Chapin's babbler
Chapin's babbler or Chapin's mountain-babbler, is a species of passerine bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Chapin's babbler
Chapin's crombec
Chapin's crombec
Chapin's crombec is an enigmatic African warbler, formerly placed in the family Sylviidae. It is currently considered a subspecies of the white-browed crombec, but might be a distinct species; too little is known about it to determine this now with reasonable certainty.
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Chapin's crombec
Chrysobatrachus
Chrysobatrachus
Chrysobatrachus is a genus of frogs in the family Hyperoliidae. It is monotypic, being represented by the single species, Chrysobatrachus cupreonitens. It is endemic to the Itombwe Mountains in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
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Chrysobatrachus
Callixalus
Callixalus
Callixalus is a genus frogs in the family Hyperoliidae. It is monotypic, being represented by a single species, Callixalus pictus. It is found in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and western Rwanda. It is sometimes known as the African painted frog.
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Callixalus
Hyperolius leucotaenius
Hyperolius leucotaenius
Hyperolius leucotaenius is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, swamps, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Hyperolius leucotaenius
Zaire forest tree frog
Zaire forest tree frog
The Zaire forest tree frog, Leptopelis fenestratus, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Zaire forest tree frog
Cryptothylax minutus
Cryptothylax minutus
Cryptothylax minutus is a species of frogs in the family Hyperoliidae found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and possibly the Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, rivers, swamps, freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forests.
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Cryptothylax minutus
Arthroleptis hematogaster
Arthroleptis hematogaster
Arthroleptis hematogaster is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. It is endemic to the Itombwe and Kabobo highlands in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. This little known species is believed to live in montane forests at elevations of about 2,350–2,400 m above sea level.
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Arthroleptis hematogaster
Parker's tree toad
Parker's tree toad
Parker's tree toad is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is the single species in the genus Laurentophryne, and is endemic to Kivu region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. To describe their features, they have a straight head and pointed snout that goes further than its mouth. They have dorsal skin granular with multiple ...
warts around their body more or less arranged in rows starting from the snout and moves to the shoulders and beyond; warts depicting a clear X on their backs typically colored grey or grey-whiteish.
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Parker's tree toad
Hyperolius sankuruensis
Hyperolius sankuruensis
Hyperolius sankuruensis, also known as the Omaniundu reed frog, is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is known from its type locality, Omaniundu in the Sankuru Province, and from a number of unspecified other localities. It is one of the "lost" frogs that was rediscovered decades after the last previous sighting.
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Hyperolius sankuruensis
Hyperolius langi
Hyperolius langi
Hyperolius langi is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is found in Democratic Republic of the Congo, possibly Rwanda, and possibly Uganda. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Hyperolius langi
Nyonga forest tree frog
Nyonga forest tree frog
The Nyonga forest tree frog, Leptopelis lebeaui, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are rivers, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. As of 2004, the Upemba National Park was the only place in which they were being protected.
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Nyonga forest tree frog
Afrixalus upembae
Afrixalus upembae
Afrixalus upembae is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is known from the lower Katanga Province, although its true distribution might be wider; possibly reaching eastern Angola. It belongs to the taxonomically unresolved "Afrixalus quadrivittatus complex", and it is not even clear that it is a valid species.
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Afrixalus upembae
Leptopelis parvus
Leptopelis parvus
Leptopelis parvus, also known as the Kanole forest treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. It is endemic to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is only known from the Upemba National Park .
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Leptopelis parvus
Arthroleptis vercammeni
Arthroleptis vercammeni
Arthroleptis vercammeni, also known as the Mwana screeching frog or Vercammen's squeaker, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. It is endemic to eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and is only known from its type locality at Mwana in Mwenga Territory, South Kivu province. The specific name vercammeni honours Paul-Henry Vercammen-Grandjean, entomologist and virologist from France/Belgium.
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Arthroleptis vercammeni
Arthroleptis loveridgei
Arthroleptis loveridgei
Arthroleptis loveridgei is a species of frogs in the family Arthroleptidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo and only known from its type locality, "Arebi ", Ituri Province, in the northeastern part of the country. The specific name loveridgei honours Arthur Loveridge, an American herpetologist. Common names Loveridge's screeching frog and Loveridge's squeaking frog have been coined for it.
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Arthroleptis loveridgei
Hyperolius ghesquieri
Hyperolius ghesquieri
Hyperolius ghesquieri is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, rivers, swamps, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Hyperolius ghesquieri
Mertensophryne schmidti
Mertensophryne schmidti
Mertensophryne schmidti is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo and only known from the Upemba National Park.
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Mertensophryne schmidti
Afrixalus leucostictus
Afrixalus leucostictus
Afrixalus leucostictus is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to eastern and central Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its relationship with Afrixalus equatorialis is not fully understood. Common names Makese banana frog and speckled spiny reed frog have been proposed for it.
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Afrixalus leucostictus
Arthroleptis phrynoides
Arthroleptis phrynoides
Arthroleptis phrynoides, the Lomami screeching frog, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo and is known only from the type locality at Lomami near Lomela Territory.
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Arthroleptis phrynoides
Hyperolius diaphanus
Hyperolius diaphanus
Hyperolius diaphanus is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and is known from near the Itombwe Mountains and the mountains to the west of Lake Kivu. Limits of its range are not clear and might extend into the adjacent Burundi and Rwanda. Common names Kigulube reed frog and translucent reed frog have been proposed for this species.
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Hyperolius diaphanus
Hyperolius atrigularis
Hyperolius atrigularis
Hyperolius atrigularis is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, swamps, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Hyperolius atrigularis
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