Endemic Animals of Fiji








Fiji banded iguana
Fiji banded iguana
Brachylophus bulabula is a species of iguanid lizard endemic to some of the larger central and northwestern islands of Fiji, where it occurs in Fijian wet forest. It was described by a team led by a scientist from the Australian National University in 2008. It is one of the few species of iguana found outside of the New World and one of the most geographically isolated members of the family Iguanidae. Initially also reported from Gau Island, in ...
2017 this population was described as a separate species, B. gau.
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Fiji banded iguana
Fiji crested iguana
Fiji crested iguana
The Fiji crested iguana or Fijian crested iguana is a critically endangered species of iguana native to some of the northwestern islands of the Fijiian archipelago, where it is found in dry forest on Yaduataba, Yadua, Macuata, Yaquaga, Devuilau, Malolo, Monu and Monuriki .
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Fiji crested iguana
Fijian monkey-faced bat
Fijian monkey-faced bat
The Fijian monkey-faced bat Also known as Fijian flying fox or Fijian flying monkey, is a megabat endemic to Fiji. It was discovered in old-growth cloud forest on Des Vœux Peak, the second highest mountain peak on the island of Taveuni by William and Ruth Beckon in 1976, and is Fiji's only endemic mammal. It has recently been transferred from Pteralopex to its own monotypic genus Mirimiri.
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Fijian monkey-faced bat
Fiji parrotfinch
Fiji parrotfinch
The Fiji parrotfinch is a species of estrildid finch endemic to Fiji that was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the red-headed parrotfinch. This parrotfinch is a small, mainly green bird with a red head and tail and a stubby dark grey bill. It is found in both forested and open habitats, and has adapted well to man-made environments such as grasslands, pasture and gardens. Pairs have a courtship display in which they fly above the trees ...
in an undulating flight, calling constantly. Breeding birds build a domed grass nest with a side entrance, and lay a clutch normally of four white eggs. Newly hatched chicks are naked and pink, with blue balls at the upper and lower corners of the gape, and black markings inside the mouth; older fledglings resemble the adults, but lack the red head colouring. The Fiji parrotfinch eats seeds, especially of grasses, and also readily feeds on insects and nectar. It forms small flocks of up to six birds after the breeding season. Parrotfinches may be preyed upon by indigenous birds of prey such as the endemic Fiji goshawk, or by introduced mammals such as the small Asian mongoose, rats, and mice, and they may be susceptible to disease. The Fiji species, despite being both uncommon and endemic to one island group, appears to be stable in numbers. It is therefore classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List, and it is protected under Fijian law.
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Fiji parrotfinch
Crimson shining parrot
Crimson shining parrot
The crimson shining parrot is a parrot from Fiji. The species is endemic to the islands of Kadavu and Ono in the Kadavu Group. The species was once considered conspecific with the red shining parrot of Vanua Levu and Taveuni, but is now considered its own species. The species is sometimes known as the Kadavu musk parrot.
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Crimson shining parrot
Red-throated lorikeet
Red-throated lorikeet
The red-throated lorikeet is a critically endangered lorikeet endemic to Fiji. It is 18 cm long and is bright green overall, with red cheeks, throat and thighs.
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Red-throated lorikeet
Masked shining parrot
Masked shining parrot
The masked shining parrot, also known as the masked parrot, masked musk parrot, or the yellow-breasted musk parrot is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is endemic to Viti Levu in Fiji. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, arable land, and rural gardens. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Masked shining parrot
Whistling fruit dove
Whistling fruit dove
The whistling fruit dove, also known as the velvet dove or yellow-headed dove, is a small fruit dove from Fiji. The species is endemic to the islands of Kadavu and Ono in the Kadavu Group in the south of Fiji.
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Whistling fruit dove
Fiji woodswallow
Fiji woodswallow
The Fiji woodswallow is a species of woodswallow in the family Artamidae. It is endemic to most of the islands of Fiji, although it is absent from Kadavu Archipelago and the Lau Archipelago. The species was once considered a race of the white-breasted woodswallow, which breeds from Australia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu through to Borneo and the Philippines. Some authors retain it in that species. The Fiji woodswallow is a chunky bird 18 ...
centimetres long with a heavy black-tipped blue bill. The plumage is sooty dark above, with a white belly, rump and throat. It is distinguished from the white-breasted woodswallow by the amount of white on the throat, which in the Fiji woodswallow comes up to the level of the bill.
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Fiji woodswallow
Fiji whistler
Fiji whistler
The Fiji whistler is a species of bird in the family Pachycephalidae, endemic to Fiji.
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Fiji whistler
Natewa silktail
Natewa silktail
The Natewa silktail is a species of bird endemic to Fiji. This beautiful bird looks superficially like a diminutive bird-of-paradise but it is actually closely related to the fantails. The species name kleinschmidti is named for Theodor Kleinschmidt, a collector from Museum Godeffroy in Hamburg, who obtained the first specimens.
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Natewa silktail
Fiji white-eye
Fiji white-eye
The Fiji white-eye is a species of passerine bird in the white-eye family Zosteropidae. The species is also known as Layard's white-eye. It is endemic to the islands of Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Kadavu, and Ovalau in Fiji, where it is a common bird of forests. Where it co-occurs with the closely related silvereye it is more common in denser forest.
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Fiji white-eye
Slaty monarch
Slaty monarch
The slaty monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae endemic to Fiji. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
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Slaty monarch
Kadavu fantail
Kadavu fantail
The Kadavu fantail is a species of bird in the fantail family Rhipiduridae. It is endemic to Kadavu and Ono in the Kadavu archipelago, in southern Fiji. It is closely related to the streaked fantail of the rest of Fiji, and forms a superspecies with the numerous island species of fantail ranging from the Solomon Islands to Samoa .
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Kadavu fantail
Sulphur-breasted myzomela
Sulphur-breasted myzomela
The sulphur-breasted myzomela, also known as the orange-breasted myzomela or orange-breasted honeyeater, is a species of bird in the family Meliphagidae.
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Sulphur-breasted myzomela
Chestnut-throated flycatcher
Chestnut-throated flycatcher
The Chestnut-throated flycatcher is a species of bird in the monarch-flycatcher family Monarchidae. The species is endemic to Fiji.
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Chestnut-throated flycatcher
Orange fruit dove
Orange fruit dove
The orange fruit dove, also known as flame dove, is a small, approximately 20 cm long, short-tailed fruit-dove in the family Columbidae. One of the most colorful doves, the male has a golden olive head and elongated bright orange "hair-like" body feathers. The golden-olive remiges are typically covered by the long orange wing coverts when perched. The legs, bill and orbital skin are bluish-green and the iris is whitish. The female is a dark ...
green bird with blackish tail and orange-yellow undertail coverts. The young resembles females. The orange dove is endemic to forests of Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Rabi, Kioa, Qamea and Laucala islands of Fiji. The diet consists mainly of various small fruits, berries, caterpillars and insects. The female usually lays one white egg. The orange fruit dove is closely related to the whistling fruit dove and golden fruit dove. These species are allopatric, meaning they do not share the same habitat in any location. A common species throughout its limited range, the orange fruit dove is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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Orange fruit dove
Fiji goshawk
Fiji goshawk
The Fiji goshawk is a species of bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. It was once considered to be the same species as the brown goshawk of Australia and New Caledonia. It is endemic to Fiji, where it occurs on the larger islands of Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni, Kadavu, Gau and Ovalau. It occupies a range of wooded habitats in Fiji, from natural rainforest to coconut plantations and urban gardens and parks.
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Fiji goshawk
Golden fruit dove
Golden fruit dove
The golden fruit dove, also known as the lemon dove or yellow dove, is a small, approximately 20 cm long, short-tailed fruit-dove in the family Columbidae. The common name refers to the males' bright golden-yellow colour. The body feathers appear almost iridescent due to their elongated shape and hair-like texture. The head is slightly duller with a greenish tinge. The bill, orbital skin and legs are bluish-green and the iris is whitish. The ...
underwings and tail coverts are yellow. The female is a dark green bird with bare parts resembling those of the male. The young resembles the female. The golden fruit dove is endemic to the forests of Fiji. The diet consists mainly of various small fruits, berries and insects. The female usually lays a single white egg. The golden fruit dove is closely related to the whistling fruit dove and orange fruit dove. These species are allopatric, meaning they do not share the same habitat in any location. A common species throughout its limited range, the golden fruit dove is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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Golden fruit dove
Maroon shining parrot
Maroon shining parrot
The maroon shining parrot or red shining-parrot, Prosopeia tabuensis, is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is endemic to the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni in Fiji and was introduced to the islands of southern Tonga in prehistoric times. The species is sometimes considered conspecific with the crimson shining-parrot of Kadavu. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical ...
mangrove forests.
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Maroon shining parrot
Fiji petrel
Fiji petrel
The Fiji petrel, also known as MacGillivray's petrel, is a small, dark gadfly petrel.
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Fiji petrel
Pink-billed parrotfinch
Pink-billed parrotfinch
The pink-billed parrotfinch is a species of estrildid finch found on the island of Viti Levu, Fiji. Commonly found at undisturbed mature forest in the centre and east of Viti Levu, e.g. Joske's Thumb near Suva. This species is found at mid-height along tree-trunks and branches, usually alone or in pairs but also joining mixed-species flocks, feeding primarily on insects, but also on flower buds and fruits.
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Pink-billed parrotfinch
Barking imperial pigeon
Barking imperial pigeon
The barking imperial pigeon, also known as Peale's imperial pigeon, is a species of bird in the pigeon family Columbidae. It is endemic to Fiji, where it occurs on most of the medium and large islands.
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Barking imperial pigeon
Taveuni silktail
Taveuni silktail
The Taveuni silktail is a species of bird endemic to Fiji. This beautiful bird looks superficially like a diminutive bird-of-paradise but it is actually closely related to the fantails. Finsch named the species after Victoria, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, who was then Crown Princess of Germany.
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Taveuni silktail
Long-legged thicketbird
Long-legged thicketbird
The long-legged thicketbird is a small bird endemic to Fiji. The species is sometimes known as the long-legged warbler. It was formerly classified as the sole representative of the genus Trichocichla.
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Long-legged thicketbird
Rotuma myzomela
Rotuma myzomela
The Rotuma myzomela is a species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It is endemic to the island of Rotuma in the far north of Fiji.
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Rotuma myzomela
Azure-crested flycatcher
Azure-crested flycatcher
The azure-crested flycatcher or the blue-crested flycatcher, is a species of bird in the monarch flycatcher family Monarchidae. It is endemic to Fiji, where it is found on Taveuni.
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Azure-crested flycatcher
Kadavu honeyeater
Kadavu honeyeater
The Kadavu honeyeater is a species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It is the only species placed in the genus Meliphacator. It is endemic to the islands of Kadavu in Fiji. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and tropical mangrove forests.
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Kadavu honeyeater
Kikau
Kikau
The kikau or western wattled honeyeater is a species of bird in the honeyeater family Meliphagidae. It was considered conspecific with the Fiji wattled honeyeater and the Polynesian wattled honeyeater.
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Kikau
Giant honeyeater
Giant honeyeater
The giant honeyeater or duetting giant honeyeater is a species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It is endemic to Fiji.
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Giant honeyeater
Fiji bush warbler
Fiji bush warbler
The Fiji bush warbler is a species of bird in the family Cettiidae. It is endemic to the islands of Fiji. There are four subspecies occurring on all the main islands of the group. The species has been afforded its own genus, Vitia, in the past, but similarities of egg colour, song and morphology place it firmly within the Horornis bush-warblers.
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Fiji bush warbler
Yellow-billed honeyeater
Yellow-billed honeyeater
The yellow-billed honeyeater, yodeling giant honeyeater, or chattering giant honeyeater is a species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It is endemic to Fiji.
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Yellow-billed honeyeater
Fiji wattled honeyeater
Fiji wattled honeyeater
The Fiji wattled honeyeater or northern wattled honeyeater, is a species of bird in the honeyeater family Meliphagidae. It was considered conspecific with the Polynesian wattled honeyeater and the kikau.
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Fiji wattled honeyeater
Versicolored monarch
Versicolored monarch
The versicolored monarch or Ogea monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is endemic to two islands, Ogea Driki and Ogea Levu, in the Lau Group of south eastern Fiji.
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Versicolored monarch
Platymantis vitiensis
Platymantis vitiensis
Platymantis vitiensis is a species of frog in the family Ceratobatrachidae. It is one of two endemic frogs in Fiji, the other being the closely related Platymantis vitianus .
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Platymantis vitiensis
Fiji snake
Fiji snake
The Fiji Snake, also known as the Bolo Snake, is a species of snake in the family Elapidae. It is monotypic within the genus Ogmodon. It is endemic to Fiji, found only on the island of Viti Levu, and is strongly subterranean.
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Fiji snake
Gaza daedala
Gaza daedala
Gaza daedala is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Margaritidae.
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Gaza daedala
Granulina globosa
Granulina globosa
Granulina globosa is a species of very small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk or micromollusk in the family Granulinidae.
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Granulina globosa
Clanculus rubicundus
Clanculus rubicundus
Clanculus rubicundus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Trochidae, the top snails.
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Clanculus rubicundus
Drillia fijiensis
Drillia fijiensis
Drillia fijiensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Drilliidae.
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Drillia fijiensis
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