Endemic Animals of Guatemala








Heloderma charlesbogerti
Heloderma charlesbogerti
The Guatemalan beaded lizard, also called commonly the Motagua Valley beaded lizard, is a highly endangered species of beaded lizard, a venomous lizard in the family Helodermatidae. The species is endemic to the dry forests of the Motagua Valley in southeastern Guatemala, an ecoregion known as the Motagua Valley thornscrub. It is the only allopatric beaded lizard species, separated from the nearest population by 250 km of unsuitable habitat. The ...
Guatemalan beaded lizard is the rarest and most endangered species of beaded lizard, and it is believed that fewer than 200 individuals of this animal exist in the wild, making it one of the most endangered lizards in the world. In 2007, it was transferred from Appendix II to Appendix I of CITES due to its critical conservation status.
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Heloderma charlesbogerti
Incilius ibarrai
Incilius ibarrai
Incilius ibarrai is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in the central and southern highlands of Guatemala and adjacent Honduras. The specific name ibarrai honors Jorge Alfonso Ibarra, then-director of the Guatemalan National Natural History Museum.
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Incilius ibarrai
Craugastor xucanebi
Craugastor xucanebi
Craugastor xucanebi is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Guatemala.
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Craugastor xucanebi
Plectrohyla teuchestes
Plectrohyla teuchestes
Plectrohyla teuchestes is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Guatemala and only known with certainty from its type locality on the southern slope of the Sierra de Xucaneb, in the Alta Verapaz Department. There is also a report from another locality in Alta Verapaz. Frogs from Honduras now known as Plectrohyla exquisita were formerly included in this species.
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Plectrohyla teuchestes
Guatemala plateau frog
Guatemala plateau frog
The Guatemala plateau frog is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It occurs in Guatemala and southern Mexico. It is impossible to morphologically distinguish this species from Lithobates forreri and Lithobates brownorum, and the validity of it has been questioned. It is an uncommon frog that inhabits cloud forests, including degraded forest, and grassland. Breeding takes place in streams and small temporary ponds. It is threatened by ...
habitat degradation caused by agricultural encroachment, wood extraction, human settlement, and water pollution.
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Guatemala plateau frog
Plectrohyla tecunumani
Plectrohyla tecunumani
Plectrohyla tecunumani is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes in western Guatemala. Its specific name refers to Tecun Uman, the Guatemalan national hero. Common name cave spikethumb frog has been coined for it.
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Plectrohyla tecunumani
Exerodonta perkinsi
Exerodonta perkinsi
Exerodonta perkinsi is a species of frog in the family Hylidae otherwise known as the Perkins' tree frog. It is endemic to Guatemala. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, intermittent freshwater marshes, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Exerodonta perkinsi
Plectrohyla pokomchi
Plectrohyla pokomchi
Plectrohyla pokomchi is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to central and eastern Guatemala and known from Sierra de Xucaneb and Sierra de las Minas at elevations of 1,400–1,900 m above sea level. Its specific name refers to the Poqomchi' people, a group of Indian people from the Guatemalan highlands. Common name Rio Sananja spikethumb frog has been coined for it.
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Plectrohyla pokomchi
Craugastor rivulus
Craugastor rivulus
Craugastor rivulus is a species of frogs in the family Craugastoridae.
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Craugastor rivulus
Craugastor nefrens
Craugastor nefrens
Craugastor nefrens is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Guatemala and known from the Sierra de Caral in the Izabal Department; it is expected to occur in adjacent Honduras too. Its natural habitat is moist tropical forest where they are found at night perched on leaves 0.3–2 metres above the ground.
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Craugastor nefrens
Plectrohyla glandulosa
Plectrohyla glandulosa
Plectrohyla glandulosa is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is found in Guatemala and possibly Mexico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Plectrohyla glandulosa
Bolitoglossa la
Bolitoglossa la
Bolitoglossa la is a lungless salamander in the family Plethodontidae endemic to Guatemala.
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Bolitoglossa la
Ptychohyla dendrophasma
Ptychohyla dendrophasma
Ptychohyla dendrophasma is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in Guatemala and possibly Mexico. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Ptychohyla dendrophasma
Craugastor campbelli
Craugastor campbelli
Craugastor campbelli is a species of frogs in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Guatemala and known from the Montañas del Mico in the Izabal Department. Its natural habitat is moist tropical forest where they are typically found at night perched on leaves 0.25–2 metres above the ground.
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Craugastor campbelli
Chinamococh stream frog
Chinamococh stream frog
The Chinamococh stream frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Guatemala. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Chinamococh stream frog
Plectrohyla quecchi
Plectrohyla quecchi
Plectrohyla quecchi is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Guatemala. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Plectrohyla quecchi
Bolitoglossa huehuetenanguensis
Bolitoglossa huehuetenanguensis
Bolitoglossa huehuetenanguensis is a lungless salamander in the family Plethodontidae endemic to Guatemala.
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Bolitoglossa huehuetenanguensis
Bolitoglossa psephena
Bolitoglossa psephena
Bolitoglossa psephena is a lungless salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Guatemala and only known from its type locality, Finca Santa Elena near Chimaltenango. The specific name is derived from the Greek psephena, meaning dark or obscure, and refers to the uniformly dark coloration of this small salamander.
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Bolitoglossa psephena
Atlantihyla panchoi
Atlantihyla panchoi
Atlantihyla panchoi, also known as the Guatemala stream frog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to eastern Guatemala and is only known from three localities in the Sierra de las Minas and Montañas del Mico ranges. The specific name panchoi honors Laurence Cooper "Don Pancho" Stuart, an American herpetologist.
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Atlantihyla panchoi
Ctenosaura palearis
Ctenosaura palearis
Ctenosaura palearis, commonly known as the Motagua spiny-tailed iguana, is a species of spiny-tailed iguana endemic to the Motagua Valley in Guatemala.
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Ctenosaura palearis
Cope's arboreal alligator lizard
Cope's arboreal alligator lizard
Cope's arboreal alligator lizard is a species of lizard found in two isolated locations in Guatemala, one in the Alta Verapaz Department and one in the Jalapa Department. These lizard are found only in high altitudes of 2,000 to 2,600 feet above sea level, on the west and south sides of the mountain ranges. This lizard is one of 28 species of alligator lizards, most being arboreal, meaning they live in trees. These omnivores are considered ...
endangered because of their small population size and they face extinction due to habitat degradation and from pressures of the pet trade.
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Cope's arboreal alligator lizard
Sibon merendonensis
Sibon merendonensis
Sibon merendonensis is a species of colubrid snakes. The species is endemic to Sierra del Merendón in Guatemala.
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Sibon merendonensis
Anzuetoi arboreal alligator lizard
Anzuetoi arboreal alligator lizard
The Anzuetoi arboreal alligator lizard, also known commonly as Anzueto's arboreal alligator lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Anguidae. The species is endemic to Volcán de Agua in Guatemala.
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Anzuetoi arboreal alligator lizard
Bocourt's arboreal alligator lizard
Bocourt's arboreal alligator lizard
Bocourt's arboreal alligator lizard is a species of lizard found in the Guatemalan section of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas.
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Bocourt's arboreal alligator lizard
Dary's burrowing snake
Dary's burrowing snake
Dary's burrowing snake is a species of snake in the family Colubridae.
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Dary's burrowing snake
Stuart's burrowing snake
Stuart's burrowing snake
Stuart's burrowing snake is a species of colubrid snake. It is endemic to the Guatemala, where it can be found in pine-oak and cloud forests on Sierra de las Minas, the Cuilco Mountains, Sierra de los Cuchumatanes and Sierra de Xucaneb, at elevations of 1,200
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Stuart's burrowing snake
Maya mouse
Maya mouse
The Maya mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Guatemala.
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Maya mouse
Guatemalan myotis
Guatemalan myotis
The Guatemalan myotis is a species of vesper bat. It is found only in Guatemala.
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Guatemalan myotis
Big deer mouse
Big deer mouse
The big deer mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Guatemala.
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Big deer mouse