Endemic Animals of Honduras








Honduran emerald
Honduran emerald
The Honduran emerald is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. This bird is found only in Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss, and deforestation. The species is locally common in arid thorn forest and scrub in the upper Rio Aguan valley, Department of Yoro. The Honduran Emerald is found in thorn forests near shrubs and cacti ...
species because they are used for floral resources, feeding, and nesting. The species has also been observed to feed on vines, herbs, epiphytes, and parasites. Exploration of the less-accessible interior of Honduras has revealed a wider distribution than thought at the time of its "rediscovery," including frequent sightings in the Santa Barbara department. The species responds and joins mobs after hearing the calls of a ferruginous pygmy owl . It was described by George Newbold Lawrence in 1867.
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Honduran emerald
Vitelline warbler
Vitelline warbler
The vitelline warbler is a songbird species in the New World warbler family . It is found in the Cayman Islands and on the Swan Islands in Honduras.
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Vitelline warbler
Plectrohyla dasypus
Plectrohyla dasypus
Plectrohyla dasypus is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to the Sierra de Omoa in the Cortés Department of northwestern Honduras. The species range is within the Cusuco National Park.
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Plectrohyla dasypus
Honduran brook frog
Honduran brook frog
The Honduran brook frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Honduran brook frog
Craugastor emleni
Craugastor emleni
Craugastor emleni is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and plantations .
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Craugastor emleni
Incilius leucomyos
Incilius leucomyos
Incilius leucomyos is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It was described in 2000 and is endemic to the Atlantic versant of the north-central Honduras.
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Incilius leucomyos
Plectrohyla exquisita
Plectrohyla exquisita
Plectrohyla exquisita is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae. Before its description in 1998, it was confused with Plectrohyla teuchestes. It is endemic to the Sierra de Omoa in the Cortés Department of northwestern Honduras. The species range is within the Cusuco National Park.
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Plectrohyla exquisita
Nototriton lignicola
Nototriton lignicola
Nototriton lignicola is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is also known as the Cerro de Enmedio moss salamander. It is endemic to Honduras.
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Nototriton lignicola
Exerodonta catracha
Exerodonta catracha
Exerodonta catracha is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Exerodonta catracha
Ceiba stream frog
Ceiba stream frog
The Ceiba stream frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Ceiba stream frog
Isthmohyla insolita
Isthmohyla insolita
Isthmohyla insolita is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae.
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Isthmohyla insolita
Lithobates lenca
Lithobates lenca
The Lenca leopard frog is a species of true frog found in the Chortís Highlands of southwestern Honduras at altitudes of 1560 to 2080 m. This frog was long thought to be a hybrid between the two lowland species Lithobates brownorum and Lithobates forreri until 2018 when DNA tests proved the highland leopard frogs to be a distinct species. They are smaller in size but have larger heads than the two lowland species, with males growing between ...
46.6–64.3 mm while females grow between 43.7–76.3 mm . The Lenca leopard frog is named after the Lenca people, who inhabit the same mountainous region as the frog.
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Lithobates lenca
Craugastor stadelmani
Craugastor stadelmani
Craugastor stadelmani is a rare species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is endemic to the mountains of northern Honduras. The specific name stadelmani honors Raymond Edward Stadelman, curator at the Tela serpentarium and naturalist at the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Common names Stadelman's coqui, Stadelman's patterlove, and north-central Honduran montane streamside frog have been coined for it.
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Craugastor stadelmani
Plectrohyla chrysopleura
Plectrohyla chrysopleura
Plectrohyla chrysopleura is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Plectrohyla chrysopleura
Longest climbing salamander
Longest climbing salamander
The longest climbing salamander is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to Honduras. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Longest climbing salamander
Ctenosaura bakeri
Ctenosaura bakeri
Ctenosaura bakeri, also known as the Utila spiny-tailed iguana, Baker's spinytail iguana, swamper or wishiwilly del suampo, is a critically endangered species of spinytail iguana endemic to the island of Utila, one of the Islas de la Bahía off the coast of Honduras in the Caribbean. The Utila iguana is the only species of iguana and one of only two species of lizard to exclusively inhabit brackish mangrove swamps, forced there due to ...
competition from larger species. It is the smallest of the three species of iguana found on Utila, and unique among spiny-tailed iguanas as it is born a dark color as opposed to bright green or yellow. It is arboreal and primarily herbivorous, although it can be an opportunistic carnivore. Males may grow up to 76 centimeters in length, while females are smaller, with a length of up to 56 centimeters . Eggs are laid in sandy beaches and hatch about 60–76 days later, with the hatchlings returning to live in the mangrove forests. Brought to the brink of extinction by the 1990s due to hunting, it was brought back to international attention by German herpetologist Dr. Gunther Köhler and his book Reptiles of Central America. Although several zoos and wildlife associations have instituted programs for the iguanas on Utila, the species still finds itself threatened due to overhunting and may face more of a threat in the form of habitat loss. Extreme conservation efforts are in place to try to prevent this species from going extinct.
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Ctenosaura bakeri
Ctenosaura melanosterna
Ctenosaura melanosterna
Ctenosaura melanosterna, commonly known as the black-chested spiny-tailed iguana or Honduran spinytailed iguana, is a species of lizard in the family Iguanidae.
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Ctenosaura melanosterna
Bothriechis marchi
Bothriechis marchi
Common names: Honduran palm pit viper and March's palm pit viper. Bothriechis marchi is a species of pitviper, a venomous snake in the subfamily Crotalinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Central America. There are no subspecies that are recognized as being valid.
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Bothriechis marchi
Ctenosaura oedirhina
Ctenosaura oedirhina
Ctenosaura oedirhina, commonly known as the Roatán spiny-tailed iguana or de Queiroz's spiny-tailed iguana, is a species of lizard in the family Iguanidae. It is endemic to Honduras, on the island of Roatán in the Caribbean, to which one of its common names refers.
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Ctenosaura oedirhina
Bay Island least gecko
Bay Island least gecko
The Bay Island least gecko is a species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to the Bay Islands in Honduras.
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Bay Island least gecko
Dunn's least gecko
Dunn's least gecko
Dunn's least gecko is a species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Honduras.
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Dunn's least gecko
Aristelliger nelsoni
Aristelliger nelsoni
Aristelliger nelsoni is a species of gecko in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to the Swan Islands of Honduras. It was often considered a subspecies of Aristelliger praesignis prior to genetic testing establishing it as a separate species. It is rated as Endangered by the IUCN, owing to its small geographic range and strong recent population decline. This population decline is likely a result of competition with Hemidactylus ...
frenatus, which was introduced to Great Swan Island in 2007. Future development of the Swan Islands by the Honduran military or commercial enterprises would also threaten the survival of the species.
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Aristelliger nelsoni
Sphaerodactylus alphus
Sphaerodactylus alphus
Sphaerodactylus alphus is a species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. It is endemic to Islas de la Bahía in Honduras.
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Sphaerodactylus alphus
Sphaerodactylus poindexteri
Sphaerodactylus poindexteri
Sphaerodactylus poindexteri is a small species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Útila, one of the Bay Islands of Honduras.
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Sphaerodactylus poindexteri
Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi
Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi
Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi is a species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae . The species is endemic to the island of Roatán in Honduras.
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Sphaerodactylus leonardovaldesi
Phyllodactylus paralepis
Phyllodactylus paralepis
Phyllodactylus paralepis is a species of gecko. It is endemic to Honduras.
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Phyllodactylus paralepis
Honduras leaf-toed gecko
Honduras leaf-toed gecko
The Honduras leaf-toed gecko is a species of gecko. It is endemic to the Bay Islands in Honduras.
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Honduras leaf-toed gecko
Ruatan Island agouti
Ruatan Island agouti
The Ruatan Island agouti, also called the Roatán Island agouti, is a species of agouti in the family Dasyproctidae.
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Ruatan Island agouti
Honduran small-eared shrew
Honduran small-eared shrew
The Honduran small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Honduras and possibly in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.
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Honduran small-eared shrew
Conasprella roatanensis
Conasprella roatanensis
Conasprella roatanensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these cone snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella roatanensis
Darrylia harryleei
Darrylia harryleei
Darrylia harryleei is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Horaiclavidae. It was previously included within the subfamily Crassispirinae, Turridae.
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Darrylia harryleei
Conasprella masinoi
Conasprella masinoi
Conasprella masinoi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.
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Conasprella masinoi
Hindsiclava tippetti
Hindsiclava tippetti
Hindsiclava tippetti is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae, the turrids and allies.
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Hindsiclava tippetti