Endemic Animals of Iran








Persian Onager
Persian Onager
The Persian onager is a subspecies of Asiatic wild ass native to the desert of Iran. They have a pale, sandy-red coat with a light brown dorsal stripe. Their tails are short with a small tuft of hair at the end. The flanks, back, and underside are white in color. During the winter, the coat grows longer and becomes grayer.
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Persian Onager
Neurergus kaiseri
Neurergus kaiseri
Neurergus kaiseri, the Luristan newt, Kaiser's mountain newt, Kaiser's spotted newt or emperor spotted newt, is a species of very colourful salamander in the family Salamandridae. It is endemic to the southern Zagros Mountains in Iran where it is known from just four streams. Populations of this newt have been declining and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated it as "vulnerable". A captive breeding programme has been ...
established in several zoos.
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Neurergus kaiseri
Pleske's ground jay
Pleske's ground jay
Pleske's ground jay or the Persian ground jay, is a species of bird in the family Corvidae. It is endemic to Iran where it is known as Zaqboor in Farsi.
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Pleske's ground jay
Persian brook salamander
Persian brook salamander
The Persian brook salamander or Persian mountain salamander is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae found in Iran and possibly Azerbaijan. Its natural habitats are rivers, inland karsts, and caves. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Persian brook salamander
Bufotes luristanicus
Bufotes luristanicus
Bufotes luristanicus, the Lorestan earless toad or Lorestan toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Zagros Mountains in Iran and occurs at an altitude of 350–1,300 m, most often near rocky outcrops or freshwater ponds, which it also uses for breeding. Little is known about this species, but it is not considered threatened overall. Some local populations may be threatened by habitat loss from human activities or d ...
rought.
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Bufotes luristanicus
Latifi's viper
Latifi's viper
Common names: Latifi's viper, Iranian valley viper, Lar Valley viper. Montivipera latifii is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Iran. There are no subspecies that are recognized as being valid.
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Latifi's viper
Andreas's racer
Andreas's racer
Andreas's racer is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is native to the Middle East.
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Andreas's racer
Agamura kermanensis
Agamura kermanensis
Agamura kermanensis is a species of gecko found in Iran.
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Agamura kermanensis
Teratoscincus sistanense
Teratoscincus sistanense
Teratoscincus sistanense is a small species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Iran.
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Teratoscincus sistanense
Montivipera raddei albicornuta
Montivipera raddei albicornuta
Common names: Iranian mountain viper, zigzag mountain viper. Montivipera raddei albicornuta is a venomous viper subspecies endemic to Iran. It is a subspecies of Montivipera raddei.
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Montivipera raddei albicornuta
Teratoscincus mesriensis
Teratoscincus mesriensis
Teratoscincus mesriensis is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Iran.
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Teratoscincus mesriensis
Darevskia caspica
Darevskia caspica
Darevskia caspica is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Iran.
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Darevskia caspica
Darevskia steineri
Darevskia steineri
Darevskia steineri, also known commonly as Steiner's lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Iran.
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Darevskia steineri
Darevskia schaekeli
Darevskia schaekeli
Darevskia schaekeli is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Iran.
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Darevskia schaekeli
Maranjab snake skink
Maranjab snake skink
Maranjab's snake skink is a species of skink, a lizard in the family Scincidae. It can be found in north-east of Kashan, Dasht-e Kavir, Iran. From snout to vent 95 mm, tail 81 mm.
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Maranjab snake skink
Eremias kavirensis
Eremias kavirensis
Eremias kavirensis is a large Eremias lizard known only from Kavir National Park, Iran. It has a snout
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Eremias kavirensis
Darevskia kamii
Darevskia kamii
Darevskia kamii is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Iran.
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Darevskia kamii
Eremias andersoni
Eremias andersoni
Eremias andersoni, also known commonly as Anderson's racerunner, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Iran.
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Eremias andersoni
Asaccus iranicus
Asaccus iranicus
Asaccus iranicus is a species of lizard in the family Phyllodactylidae. It is endemic to Iran.
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Asaccus iranicus
Eremias papenfussi
Eremias papenfussi
Eremias papenfussi is a species of lizard endemic to Iran.
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Eremias papenfussi
Eremias isfahanica
Eremias isfahanica
Eremias isfahanica is a species of lizard endemic to Iran.
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Eremias isfahanica
Iranian worm snake
Iranian worm snake
The Iranian worm snake is a species of snake in the family Typhlopidae. The species is endemic to Iran.
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Iranian worm snake
Trigonodactylus persicus
Trigonodactylus persicus
Trigonodactylus persicus is a species of gecko that is endemic to Iran. It is closely related to Trigonodactylus arabicus.
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Trigonodactylus persicus
Iranian jerboa
Iranian jerboa
The Iranian jerboa is a rodent of the family Dipodidae and subfamily Allactaginae. They are characteristically known as hopping rodents and have only been found in a small population in Iran. Iranian jerboa are microhabitat specialist, they require a particular environment to provide them with specific conditions suitable for living.
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Iranian jerboa
Zagros Mountains mouse-like hamster
Zagros Mountains mouse-like hamster
The Zagros Mountains mouse-like hamster is a relatively little-known rodent which was the first species of mouse-like hamster to be described. The species is distributed throughout much of southern Iran, particularly in the Zagros mountains. It is also known as the Iranian mouse-like hamster, though there are several species of mouse-like hamster found in different parts of Iran.
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Zagros Mountains mouse-like hamster
Persian vole
Persian vole
The Persian vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is only found in Iran.
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Persian vole
Iranian shrew
Iranian shrew
The Iranian shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Iran. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Iranian shrew
Qazvin vole
Qazvin vole
The Qazvin vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found in Iran and is normally given as either part of the Microtus or Sumeriomys subgenus. It is a close relative of M. guentheri distinguished by different pelage coloration and a more complex occlusal pattern.
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Qazvin vole
Apodemus avicennicus
Apodemus avicennicus
Apodemus avicennicus is a species of rodent found in Iran.
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Apodemus avicennicus
Noble mouse-like hamster
Noble mouse-like hamster
The noble mouse-like hamster or the noble calomyscus, is a species of mouse-like hamster from Iran. It is the largest species of Calomyscus and was initially described as a subspecies of Calomyscus bailwardi. The animal is found in the region near Teheran and is identifiable based on its large size and soft, buffy, brown dorsal pelage. Musser and Carleton recognized C. grandis as a distinct species.
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Noble mouse-like hamster