Endemic Animals of Israel








Hula painted frog
The Hula painted frog (Latonia nigriventer ) is an amphibian and the only living member of the genus Latonia. It was thought to be extinct as a result of habitat destruction during the 1950s until the species was rediscovered in 2011. It is endemic to the Lake Hula marshes in Israel.The draining of Lake Hula and its marshes in the 1950s was thought to have caused the extinction of this frog, along with the cyprinid fish Acanthobrama hulensis and ...
cichlid fish Tristramella intermedia. Only five individuals had been found prior to the draining of the lake. Environmental improvements in the Hula reserve have been cited as a possible reason for the frog's reemergence.
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Hula painted frog
Stenodactylus petrii
Stenodactylus petrii, known as the dune gecko, Anderson's short-fingered gecko, or Egyptian sand gecko, is a small, mostly nocturnal gecko of the genus Stenodactylus. It's not a frog-eyed gecko.They are found across northern Africa and in Israel in arid regions. From head to base of tail, they are about 2–3 inches (5–8 cm) long, a very small dwarf gecko. The tails are quite long compared to their size, 1–2 inches (3–5 cm). If a tail is dropped, it will g ...
row back, only shorter and stubbier. Unlike other geckos, dune geckos cannot climb up smooth surfaces. Instead, they prefer to dig. During the day, they usually hide in burrows or in caves, though often these are out and about in the day. They sometimes appear slow, but they can be extremely fast. Camouflage in the sand helps them remain inconspicuous, especially when hunting. They eat mainly crickets and mealworms. The dune gecko, if kept as a pet, should not be handled too often because it stresses them out and can cause severe health problems. Also they can be relatively social but are also known to live by themselves before mating.
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Stenodactylus petrii
Golan Heights blind mole-rat
The Middle East blind mole-rat or Palestine mole-rat (Nannospalax ehrenbergi ) is a species of rodent in the family Spalacidae.
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Golan Heights blind mole-rat
Judean Mountains blind mole-rat
The Middle East blind mole-rat or Palestine mole-rat (Nannospalax ehrenbergi ) is a species of rodent in the family Spalacidae.
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Judean Mountains blind mole-rat
Negev shrew
The Negev shrew (Crocidura ramona ), also known as the Ramon's shrew (Hebrew: חדף הרמון, ḥadaf haramon ) is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. So far, it is only known from Israel. It is found in three regions: Mizpe Ramon and Sede Boqer in the Negev Desert, and Sartaber at the northern edge of the Judean Desert. It is likely that the species occurs more widely in the region than currently known (i.e., in Jordan, where similar habitats and Croci ...
dura species have not been well surveyed). The three locations in which the species occur are rocky desert areas at altitudes between 200 and 950 metres above sea level. The Negev shrew is light gray with a slightly lighter underpart. It is also relatively small.Only seven specimens have been collected. The Negev shrew is likely to be more widespread in the region than currently known and there are no known threats at present. More data on range population densities and trends, and potential threats would be useful for a future reassessment, but it is currently assessed as Least Concern. Of the six known localities, this species has been found in five protected areas.The Negev shrew is found either in or near to dry river beds with Retama and Tamarix vegetation or near to dry river beds with dense Atriplex vegetation. During surveys no other Crocidura species were found to be co-occurring with C. ramona, the only other shrew which it was found together with was Suncus etruscus. From 1999 to 2006 no specimens have been found; this is likely to be due to poor precipitation leading perhaps to lower populations and/or making the species more difficult to capture as it enters deeper soil layers. It is a naturally rare habitat specialist.
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Negev shrew
Upper Galilee Mountains blind mole-rat
The Middle East blind mole-rat or Palestine mole-rat (Nannospalax ehrenbergi ) is a species of rodent in the family Spalacidae.
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Upper Galilee Mountains blind mole-rat
Mount Carmel blind mole-rat
The Middle East blind mole-rat or Palestine mole-rat (Nannospalax ehrenbergi ) is a species of rodent in the family Spalacidae.
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Mount Carmel blind mole-rat