Endemic Animals of Kenya








Taita thrush
Taita thrush
The Taita thrush, also known as the Taita olive thrush or Heller's ground thrush, is a critically endangered bird from the family of thrushes, endemic to the Taita Hills in Kenya.
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Taita thrush
Sharpe's longclaw
Sharpe's longclaw
Sharpe's longclaw is a passerine bird in the longclaw family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and wagtails. It is endemic to Kenya. It is 16–17 cm long, with upperparts heavily marked with buff and rufous streaks, yellow underparts, and white outertail feathers in flight. This bird is endangered, with an estimated population of less than 20,000. Its grassland habitat is being replaced by cultivation and woodlots. The common name and L ...
atin binomial name commemorate the British zoologist Richard Bowdler Sharpe.
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Sharpe's longclaw
Clarke's weaver
Clarke's weaver
Clarke's weaver is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is endemic to Kenya.
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Clarke's weaver
Williams's lark
Williams's lark
Williams's lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae. Discovered in 1955, much of its life and ecology is still a mystery to ornithology.
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Williams's lark
Kikuyu white-eye
Kikuyu white-eye
The Kikuyu white-eye is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It includes numerous subspecies, sometimes considered a subspecies of montane white-eye . It is found in central Kenya, in the Aberdare Mountains and on Mount Kenya. IUCN categorizes it as of least concern.
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Kikuyu white-eye
Taita apalis
Taita apalis
The Taita apalis is a bird in the family Cisticolidae that is endemic to the Taita Hills in Kenya. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the bar-throated apalis.
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Taita apalis
Hinde's babbler
Hinde's babbler
Hinde's babbler, also known as Hinde's pied-babbler, is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is endemic to Kenya. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, arable land, and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Hinde's babbler
Tana River cisticola
Tana River cisticola
The Tana River cisticola is a species of bird in the family Cisticolidae. It is found in Kenya and there is speculation that it may also be found in Somalia.
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Tana River cisticola
Aberdare cisticola
Aberdare cisticola
The Aberdare cisticola is a species of bird in the family Cisticolidae. It is endemic to Kenya. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Aberdare cisticola
Taita white-eye
Taita white-eye
Taita white-eye is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It includes numerous subspecies, sometimes considered a subspecies to montane white-eye . It is only found in Taita Hills in southeastern Kenya. IUCN categorizes it as endangered.
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Taita white-eye
Boulengerula taitana
Boulengerula taitana
Boulengerula taitana is a species of caecilian. It is endemic to the Taita Hills region of southeast Kenya.
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Boulengerula taitana
Boulengerula niedeni
Boulengerula niedeni
Boulengerula niedeni, the Sagalla caecilian, is a worm-like amphibian first described in 2005. The species was described from a specimen discovered on Sagala Hill, an isolated mountain block of the Taita Hills in Kenya, and is not known from other areas. Little of the original forest remains on Sagalla Hill, but the species seems to adapt to human disturbance associated with small-scale farming activities; it is not found in the eucalyptus ...
plantations that cover much of the hill. Because of the small range of this species, it is as of 2013 listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, while previously from 2006 been listed as critically endangered. It has been listed as one of the top-10 "focal species" in 2008 by the Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered project.
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Boulengerula niedeni
Callulina dawida
Callulina dawida
Callulina dawida, also known as Taita warty frog, is a species of frogs in the family Brevicipitidae. It is endemic to Kenya, where it is only found in severely fragmented montane forests in Taita Hills in the south-eastern part of the country. Originally Callulina was thought to be monotypic and widely distributed through Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania and in southern Kenya. However, within the last decade eight new species has been ...
identified, many which are considered critically endangered by IUCN. C. dawida was described in 2009 by a team led by Simon Loader; it received its specific name after Dawida language, which is spoken in Taita Hills.
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Callulina dawida
Boulengerula changamwensis
Boulengerula changamwensis
Boulengerula changamwensis, the Changamwe caecilian, is a species of amphibian in the family Herpelidae. It is also known as Changamwensis African caecilian and Changamwe lowland caecilian. It is found in southern Kenya and Malawi, and possibly in the intervening Tanzania and Mozambique.
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Boulengerula changamwensis
Hyperolius sheldricki
Hyperolius sheldricki
Hyperolius sheldricki is a species of small frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to southeast Kenya. The type locality is in the Tsavo East National Park.
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Hyperolius sheldricki
Boulengerula denhardti
Boulengerula denhardti
Boulengerula denhardti is a species of amphibian in the family Herpelidae. It is endemic to Kenya. It is only known from its type locality, the Tana River valley, as well as from the Ngaia Forest, Meru County. It is named for German explorer brothers Clemens Denhardt and Gustav Denhardt who explored the area where it was discovered. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. It is ...
threatened by habitat loss, expanding agriculture, use of herbicides and pesticides and expanding human settlements.
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Boulengerula denhardti
Mertensophryne lonnbergi
Mertensophryne lonnbergi
Mertensophryne lonnbergi is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Kenya and known from the highlands on both sides of the Great Rift Valley as well as from Mount Kenya. Its natural habitats are montane grasslands, moorlands, and forest patches; it can survive also on agricultural land. Breeding takes place in small and shallow permanent or semi-permanent pools. It is a reasonably common species, but habitat modification ...
could still be a threat.
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Mertensophryne lonnbergi
Hyperolius montanus
Hyperolius montanus
Hyperolius montanus is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Kenya and known from the Kenya Highlands. It might represent more than one species.
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Hyperolius montanus
Mertensophryne mocquardi
Mertensophryne mocquardi
Mertensophryne mocquardi is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Kenya and known from Mount Kenya, the Kinangop Plateau, and the highlands surrounding Nairobi. The specific name mocquardi refers to François Mocquard, a French herpetologist. It was put in synonymy of Mertensophryne lonnbergi in 1972, but re-validated in 1997.
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Mertensophryne mocquardi
Phrynobatrachus irangi
Phrynobatrachus irangi
Phrynobatrachus irangi is a species of frog in the family Phrynobatrachidae. It is endemic to Kenya and is known only from two localities, its type locality, the eponymous Irangi Forest on the south-eastern slopes of Mount Kenya, and Kimande on the south-eastern slopes of the Aberdare Range. Common name Irangi puddle frog has been coined for it.
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Phrynobatrachus irangi
Sclerophrys turkanae
Sclerophrys turkanae
Sclerophrys turkanae, the Lake Turkana toad or Turkana toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Kenya, and is only known from two localities; Loiyangalani on the southeastern shores of Lake Turkana, and the Ewaso Ng'iro River in the Samburu National Reserve.
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Sclerophrys turkanae
Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus
Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus
Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Kenya. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, moist savanna, swamps, intermittent freshwater marshes, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus
Hyperolius cystocandicans
Hyperolius cystocandicans
Hyperolius cystocandicans is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is endemic to Kenya. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pastureland, and ponds. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Hyperolius cystocandicans
Atheris desaixi
Atheris desaixi
Common names: Mount Kenya bush viper, Ashe's bush viper, Desaix's bush viper. Atheris desaixi is a venomous viper species endemic to Kenya, where only two isolated populations are known. It is known for its striking black and yellow coloration. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Atheris desaixi
Montatheris
Montatheris
Common names: Kenya mountain viper, Kenya montane viper, montane viper, Hind's viper. Montatheris is a monotypic genus created for the venomous viper species, M. hindii. This is a small terrestrial species endemic to Kenya. There are no subspecies which are currently recognized as being valid.
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Montatheris
Turkana mud turtle
Turkana mud turtle
Pelusios broadleyi, commonly known as the Turkana mud turtle, Broadley's mud turtle, or the Lake Turkana hinged terrapin, is a species of turtle in the family Pelomedusidae.
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Turkana mud turtle
Kenya horned viper
Kenya horned viper
Bitis worthingtoni, also known commonly as the Kenya horned viper and the Kenyan horned viper, is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic Kenya. There are no subspecies that are recognized as being valid.
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Kenya horned viper
Echis pyramidum aliaborri
Echis pyramidum aliaborri
Common names: red carpet viper, Kenyan carpet viper. Echis pyramidum aliaborri is a venomous viper subspecies endemic to northern Kenya.
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Echis pyramidum aliaborri
Agama caudospinosa
Agama caudospinosa
The Elmenteita agama or Elmenteita rock agama is a species of lizard from the family Agamidae. The species is endemic to Kenya with the type locality being Lake Elmenteita, hence the common name.
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Agama caudospinosa
Amblyodipsas teitana
Amblyodipsas teitana
Amblyodipsas teitana, also known as the Taita Hills purple-glossed snake or Teitana purple-glossed snake, is a species of venomous rear-fanged snake in the family Lamprophiidae. It is endemic to the Taita Hills in Kenya, and only known from the holotope, a 43 cm female, first identified as Calamelaps unicolor by Arthur Loveridge in 1936.
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Amblyodipsas teitana
Philochortus rudolfensis
Philochortus rudolfensis
Philochortus rudolfensis, the southern shield-backed lizard, is a species of lizard found in Kenya and Ethiopia.
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Philochortus rudolfensis
Adolfus alleni
Adolfus alleni
Adolfus alleni, also known commonly as the alpine meadow lizard or the alpine-meadow lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Kenya.
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Adolfus alleni
Aparallactus turneri
Aparallactus turneri
Aparallactus turneri, or the Malindi centipede-eater, is a species of venomous rear-fanged snake in the family Lamprophiidae. The species is endemic to Kenya.
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Aparallactus turneri
Adolfus mathewsensis
Adolfus mathewsensis
Adolfus mathewsensis is a species of lizard endemic to Kenya.
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Adolfus mathewsensis
Drewes's worm snake
Drewes's worm snake
Drewes's worm snake is a species of snake in the family Leptotyphlopidae.
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Drewes's worm snake
Golden-rumped elephant shrew
Golden-rumped elephant shrew
The golden-rumped elephant shrew is a small African mammal. It is the largest species of the elephant shrew family along with its close relative the grey-faced sengi. It is classified as endangered.
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Golden-rumped elephant shrew
Tana River mangabey
Tana River mangabey
The Tana River mangabey is a highly endangered species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. Some authorities have included the taxa agilis and sanjei as subspecies of this species, while others award these full species status. It is endemic to riverine forest patches along the lower Tana River in southeastern Kenya. It is threatened by habitat loss and degradation, which has increased in recent years. This species was, together with the ...
equally endangered Tana River red colobus, the main reason for the creation of the Tana River Primate Reserve in 1978, but human encroachment within this reserve continues. Recently, it has been suggested that 20,000 hectares of the Tana River Delta should be transformed into sugarcane plantations, but this has, temporarily at least, been stopped by the High Court of Kenya.
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Tana River mangabey
Tana River red colobus
Tana River red colobus
The Tana River red colobus, also called the eastern red colobus, is a highly endangered species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to a narrow zone of gallery forest near the Tana River in southeastern Kenya.
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Tana River red colobus
Coastal topi
Coastal topi
The coastal topi is a highly social antelope of the genus Damaliscus. It is a subspecies of the common tsessebe.
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Coastal topi
Aberdare mole shrew
Aberdare mole shrew
The Aberdare mole shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae endemic to the Aberdare Mountains in Kenya. Its natural habitat is tropical high-altitude bamboo and grassland.
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Aberdare mole shrew
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