Endemic Animals of Madagascar








Aye-Aye
Aye-Aye
The Aye-aye is a long-fingered lemur that inhabits the rainforests in Madagascar. It is the world’s largest nocturnal primate and has a unique appearance. When first discovered, it was thought to be a type of large squirrel. The aye-aye was finally recognized in the mid-1800s as being a member of the lemur family but was classified in its own group by itself, as its closest lemur relatives are a mystery even today. These incredibly special a ...
nimals are, however, under severe threat throughout a good part of their natural habitat. By 1980 it was thought they were nearly extinct, mainly because they were killed on sight by local people who believed that it is very bad luck to encounter an aye-aye.
Discover more
Aye-Aye
Black Lemur
Black Lemur
The Black lemur lives only on Madagascar and is a rare type of lemur. Males and females look very different from each other, the males having a dark brown or black coat with beady yellow-orange eyes and black tufted ears, while the females have such a different appearance that for a long time they were thought to belong to a different species. Females are tawny on the head and back, with rich-chestnut brown to golden-brown underparts. Their ...
limbs have paler fur and their tails are a darker chestnut brown. Their ears have big tufts like the males, but the hair is white, and is long enough to extend around their cheeks.
Discover more
Black Lemur
Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur
Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur
The Black-and-white ruffed lemur is one of the largest lemurs and the second loudest primate after the howler monkey from central and South America. With its striking black and white pattern, it is amongst the most iconic of the lemur species. Its name comes from the large white furry ‘ruff’ around its neck. It is classified as critically endangered, which makes it one of the most endangered of the lemurs, being just one step from extinction in the ...
wild.
Discover more
Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur
Blue-Eyed Black Lemur
Blue-Eyed Black Lemur
One of the Madagascan lemur species most recently discovered could also be amongst the first to disappear. The Blue-eyed black lemur, identified as a species only in 2008, could be extinct within 11 years because of rapid deforestation of its only habitat. These striking animals already have a place on the list of the 25 most endangered primates in the world. Their population has declined more than 80 percent subsequent to their discovery in ...
1983. They were first considered a subspecies of the Black lemur but a few years ago they were finally reclassified as being a distinct species. The Blue-eyed black lemurs have striking sexual dimorphism in color. Males are black, and females have a coat that is reddish-tan in color over the entire body. They all have turquoise blue eyes.
Discover more
Blue-Eyed Black Lemur
Brown Mouse Lemur
Brown Mouse Lemur
The Brown mouse lemur is amongst the smallest species of lemur in the world. Considered a gray mouse lemur subspecies until 1977, it was then reclassified as its own species. It is also known as the Eastern rufous mouse lemur, the Rufous mouse lemur, or the Russet mouse lemur. Its dorsal side is brown or reddish-brown, while ventrally it is a whitish-grey. It is under threat of extinction because of habitat in the marshes of forests where it ...
lives.
Discover more
Brown Mouse Lemur
Coquerel's Sifaka
Coquerel's Sifaka
A Coquerel’s sifaka is a delicate leaf-eater from Madagascar’s dry northwestern forests. It is distinguished from other species of lemur by the way it moves about: they keep a distinct vertical posture while leaping through the trees by using just their strong back legs. When on the ground, they move just as gracefully, with an elegant sideways hopping on two legs. The Coquerel’s sifaka is a very beautiful lemur, which was once considered to be a sub ...
species of Verreaux’s sifaka. It has some very interesting behaviors and does look different to other sifakas in the same range.
Discover more
Coquerel's Sifaka
Crowned Lemur
Crowned Lemur
Crowned lemurs are the smallest species in the lemur family, and until recently were considered as a sub-species of the mongoose lemur. Of the lemur species, they are the ones that show the most difference between the genders, except for the blue-eyed lemur. Females are mostly gray with an orange head, while males are a dark reddish brown and have a black and orange head.
Discover more
Crowned Lemur
Diademed Sifaka
Diademed Sifaka
Widely considered as the most beautiful of Madagascan primates, the Diademed sifaka has a bare, black or dark gray face framed with white hair, with a patch of black on the top of its head. Its head resembles a ‘diadem’ or ornamental headband worn by royalty, and is the source of its English name. In addition to its unmistakable appearance, this lemur is also known for its large size, being the second largest lemur alive today after the indri.
Discover more
Diademed Sifaka
Fat-Tailed Dwarf Lemur
Fat-Tailed Dwarf Lemur
Fat-tailed dwarf lemurs are about the same size as a small rat. They have soft and woolly fur. Their large, lustrous eyes are encircled by dark rings and they have a white stripe on their nose. Their color is brownish-red or gray with a white underside and they have white feet.
Discover more
Fat-Tailed Dwarf Lemur
Golden Bamboo Lemur
Golden Bamboo Lemur
Golden bamboo lemurs are amongst most endangered mammals in the world. They have pale orange fur on their backs with brown to gray guard hairs and yellowish undersides. Their face is black, with a short muzzle, and golden cheeks, throat, and eyebrows and short hairy ears. The males and females are usually similar in appearance, with females often being slightly more grayish on their backs.
Discover more
Golden Bamboo Lemur
Gray Mouse Lemur
Gray Mouse Lemur
The Gray mouse lemur is a primate, not a rodent, despite its name and appearance. Currently not much is known about this species of lemur. The mouse lemurs are the smallest of the lemur species, with the gray mouse lemur being the largest of them. They are mostly gray in color, in a range of shades going from light to dark, with some changes in color at different times of the year. Gray mouse lemurs rely on their senses to survive, including ...
good night vision and a keen sense of smell. Using a combination of these senses they are able to quickly avoid predators.
Discover more
Gray Mouse Lemur
Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec
Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec
The Lesser hedgehog tenrec is a shrew-like mammal, small with a long whiskered snout. Its back, sides and tail have dark brown to black, sharp, dense, white-tipped spikes. Its underside is paler and does not have spikes.
Discover more
Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec
Fossa
Fossa
The unusual-looking fossa from Madagascar looks like a puma and has both canine and feline features. It is the largest mammalian carnivore on the island, and preys mainly on lemurs, pursuing them through the trees with remarkable speed and agility. The fossa is renowned for its appearance, its strength, and its peculiar mating rituals. It is declining due to habitat loss and fragmentation. The reserves where it currently lives are not large ...
enough to support a manageable population, and urgent measures are necessary to secure the future of this unique mammal.
Discover more
Fossa
Radiated Tortoise
Radiated Tortoise
The Radiated tortoise that lives in Madagascar is amongst the most attractive of tortoises. Its high-domed, dark carapace has brilliant yellow markings that radiate out from the center of all its plates to make this tortoise's distinctive pattern. The shell’s dark pigment fades as the individual grows older, producing a shell of a lighter color. Males have longer tails and their under shell or plastron has a notch below the tail. Hatchlings are b ...
lack and off-white, but soon develop the striking adult coloration.
Discover more
Radiated Tortoise
Greater Bamboo Lemur
Greater Bamboo Lemur
The Greater bamboo lemur is an easily recognizable primate with characteristic white tufts on its ears. This animal is the largest of the three bamboo lemur species and one of a few mammals, having a bamboo-based diet. Moreover, this lemur totally depends on bamboo. This unique sedentary primate spends most of its active time feeding on bamboo. Unfortunately, this specialist species cannot adapt to quick changes in its environment. The Greater ...
bamboo lemurs were firstly discovered in 1870. However, due to large-scale clearing and resulting fragmentation of their rainforest habitat, these animals had to live in small, isolated populations and were considered to have gone extinct until the beginning of the 20th century, being discovered again in 1972.
Discover more
Greater Bamboo Lemur
Indri
Indri
One of the largest lemur species, the Indri lemur (otherwise known as the Babakoto), is a rather unique animal. This primate is known for its human-like behaviors, atypical characteristics and an unusual appearance, resembling a teddy bear. The animal exhibits small eyes, round ears and a button nose. The coloration of their fur largely depends on the locality. However, they are often totally black and brownish with red and white patches.
Discover more
Indri
Mongoose Lemur
Mongoose Lemur
The Mongoose lemur is a native Madagascar animal. Meanwhile, this primate is one of two lemur species, found outside Madagascar. The natural range of Mongoose lemur contains also the Comoros Islands, located between Madagascar and Africa. Male and female Mongoose lemurs look so different that are often mistaken for separate species. Although individuals of both sexes exhibit grey-brown overall coloration with a grey muzzle and black nose, the ...
color patterns of their faces differ greatly: males display pale colored faces with red cheeks and beards, whereas females usually have darker faces with white cheeks and beards.
Discover more
Mongoose Lemur
Northern Sportive Lemur
Northern Sportive Lemur
The Northern sportive lemur is distinguished by a dark band on its pale grey-brown back, stretching from the head to the tail. This animal is among the smallest Lepilemur species. The forward pointing eyes provide the Northern sportive lemur with a well-developed binocular vision. This lemur exhibits grey under-parts as well as brown coloration around its head top and shoulders. It travels between trees by taking leaps. The Northern sportive ...
lemur leaps in an upright vertical posture, using the pads on its feet to cling to a tree, after which the animal rushes to a neighboring tree.
Discover more
Northern Sportive Lemur
Red Ruffed Lemur
Red Ruffed Lemur
The Red ruffed lemurs are unique, medium-sized lemurs with a primate-like appearance. These animals differ greatly from all other types of lemur. They exhibit thick, soft, reddish coat with a long, black and heavily furred tail. The tail base is ringed with pink colored fur. On the top of their head, the Red ruffed lemurs display a conspicuous white colored tuff. They have black faces and long snouts.
Discover more
Red Ruffed Lemur
Red-Fronted Lemur
Red-Fronted Lemur
The Red-fronted lemur is a medium-sized species with a defined sexual dimorphism. Both males and females are the same size and display considerably long tails, but differ in their color pattern. Thus, males have a grey to grey-brown fur and a bushy reddish-brown head crown. Meanwhile, females are distinguished by a reddish-brown with a dark head crown. Individuals of both genders exhibit paler under-parts, white markings above each eye, a black ...
muzzle. Most individuals have a dark streak, running from their muzzle up to the crown. Newborn babies of both sexes display male color pattern until 3 - 4 months old. The Red-fronted lemur hasn't been recognized as separate species for a long period of time. The name of this animal was used as a secondary name for the red-fronted brown lemur that, in turn, was commonly thought to be a subspecies of the Brown lemur.
Discover more
Red-Fronted Lemur
Ring-Tailed Lemur
Ring-Tailed Lemur
The Ring-tailed lemur is an easily recognizable, medium-sized Malagasy species with an extremely long, heavily furred tail, covered with black and white rings and allowing the animal to take long leaps when moving between trees. In spite of a common belief, these lemurs don't hang from their tails. The Ring-tailed lemur is the most terrestrial and one of the most intelligent primates on the island. The Ring-tailed lemurs are of high scientific ...
interest due to their use of tools in daily life as well as excellent problem-solving skills.
Discover more
Ring-Tailed Lemur
Silky Sifaka
Silky Sifaka
The Silky sifakas are unique, easily recognizable lemurs with a creamy white coat, due to which these animals are otherwise called 'angels of the forest’. Their coat is long, soft and silky, colored in white and tinged with silver on their back, legs and the head top. These lemurs exhibit furless, black faces as well as deep orange eyes. The lower back and the base of their tail are often darker and discolored. Mature males of this species are d ...
istinguished by the characteristic large, brown colored area on their chests. This is a result of their scent-marking habit, during which they use the special gland on the chest. Some individuals display pink areas on different parts of their body because of lacking skin pigment. The life expectancy of the population in the wild is currently unknown. Additionally, these animals cannot live in captivity, which doesn't allow to determine their lifespan. However, the closely related Verreaux's sifakas are known to live more than 23 years.
Discover more
Silky Sifaka
Verreaux's Sifaka
Verreaux's Sifaka
The Verreaux's sifaka is an easily recognizable lemur with a rather long, thick, soft and white fur, contrasting with a dark brown head crown, descending down the back of the neck. Meanwhile, the coat of this animal is considerably thinner on the chest, belly and underarms, exposing the grey colored skin. Males of this species are identified by the characteristic faint reddish-brown chest patch as a result of having a gland, situated at the base ...
of their throat. However, the most distinguishing feature of this unique primate is its unusual way of moving. When in trees, the Verreaux's sifaka takes long leaps between tree trunks. When on the ground, the animal moves by leaping forwards while holding its arms high. The Verreaux's sifaka is the only lemur with partly webbed feet.
Discover more
Verreaux's Sifaka
Lowland Streaked Tenrec
Lowland Streaked Tenrec
Lowland streaked tenrecs are small insectivorous mammals from Madagascar. Their snouts are long and pointed, while the coat exhibits spines. They are distinguished by two main features: the first is a rather long, black-colored nose and the other feature is a black-colored coat, displaying yellow stripes and bright yellow spine crests, located over the top of their head and acts as a mean of self-defense against predators.
Discover more
Lowland Streaked Tenrec
Tailless Tenrec
Tailless Tenrec
The Tailless tenrec is the largest land-dwelling species of the tenrec family. They have medium-sized, coarse grey to reddish-grey fur and long, sharp spines along their body. The fur of these animals is not dense. It is a combination of hairs and blunt spines. Despite being sometimes known as Tailless tenrecs, they have a small tail.
Discover more
Tailless Tenrec
Ankarana Sportive Lemur
Ankarana Sportive Lemur
Ankarana sportive lemurs are medium-sized primates. They are one of the smaller sportive lemurs. The color of their fur is light grayish-brown with a gray underside. They often have a dark stripe extending along the spine from the crown of their head and there are also brownish tinges in the shoulder area. The tail is pale brown getting darker closer the tip.
Discover more
Ankarana Sportive Lemur
Collared Brown Lemur
Collared Brown Lemur
Collared brown lemurs are medium-sized primates and one of twelve species of the Brown lemur. Males and females in this species look different. Males are brownish-gray on top being paler gray underneath. Their muzzle, face and crown are dark gray to black; the eyebrow patches are creamy to gray-colored and vary between individuals. Cheeks are creamy to rufous-brown and beard is thick and bushy. The tails are dark gray with a dark stripe along ...
the spine. Females are browner and more rufous than the males on top being pale creamy-gray underneath. Tails have same color as the dorsal coat. Their face is gray, with faint gray stripe extending over crown. Cheeks are rufous-brown, but less prominent than in males. Both males and females have orange-red eyes color.
Discover more
Collared Brown Lemur
Common Brown Lemur
Common Brown Lemur
Common brown lemurs have short, dense fur that is primarily brown or grey-brown in color. The face, muzzle and crown are dark grey or black with paler eyebrow patches, and the eyes are orange-red. Their tails are long and furry. Common brown lemurs have binocular vision. They have a scent gland that is located at their wrist. The animals use it to leave scent marks in order to communicate with each other.
Discover more
Common Brown Lemur
Crowned Sifaka
Crowned Sifaka
Crowned sifakas are medium-sized primmates. They have a creamy white body with tinges of golden brown around the shoulder region, upper chest and back. Their head is dark chocolate or black with white ear tufts. Their dark grey face is hairless and they have a white tail. Occasionally they may have a pale patch across the bridge of their nose.
Discover more
Crowned Sifaka
Golden-Crowned Sifaka
Golden-Crowned Sifaka
Golden-crowned sifakas are medium-sized lemurs. These animals are named after their discoverer, Ian Tattersall, who first spotted them in 1974. Their coat is moderately long. It is creamy-white with a golden tint, dark black or chocolate-brown on their neck and throat and pale orange on the tops of their legs and forelimbs. Their tail and hindlimbs are white, and the crown is bright orange-gold. The eyes are orange, and the face is black and ...
mostly hairless. Their snout is blunt and rounded, and the broad nose of these animals helps to distinguish them from other sifakas. Golden-crowned sifakas have long, strong legs that enable them to cling and leap between tree trunks and branches.
Discover more
Golden-Crowned Sifaka
Eastern Woolly Lemur
Eastern Woolly Lemur
Eastern woolly lemurs have an owl-look with their large eyes, small rounded head, and ears that are mostly hidden. The color of their coat is grey-brown or reddish-brown and varies within the species. Their hands, legs, and feet are white and their tail is reddish-orange. The woolly lemur name refers to their thick, tightly-curled hair, and the generic name of these animals "avahi" refers to their high-pitched defensive call.
Discover more
Eastern Woolly Lemur
Greater Dwarf Lemur
Greater Dwarf Lemur
Greater dwarf lemurs have short, dense fur and very long tails. At the end of the wet season their tails will become somewhat swollen with fat. The coat of these animals is grey or reddish brown, and there are dark circles of fur around the eyes. Their ears are thin and have small hairs. The eyes are large and adapted for night vision.
Discover more
Greater Dwarf Lemur
Red Lemur
Red Lemur
Red lemurs have a gray coat. Their face, muzzle and forehead are balck in color with white eyebrow patches, and htere is a black line streching from the muzzle to the forehead. Males have white or cream colored cheeks and beards, and females have rufous or cream cheeks and beards that are less bushy than males.
Discover more
Red Lemur
Red-Bellied Lemur
Red-Bellied Lemur
Red-bellied lemurs are medium-sized primates with a luxuriant chestnut brown coat. These lemurs are distinguished by patches of white skin below the eyes, giving rise to a "teardrop" effect, particularly conspicuous in the male. Males in this species have medium-long dense dorsal coat of intense chestnut brown color. Ventrally they are lighter and redder in hue, while their tail, muzzle and head are black. Dorsal area and tail of females ...
resemble the male but the ventral fur is a contrasting white-cream colour. Facial markings are similar to the male, except that "tear drops" are less exaggerated and spiry thick cheek hairs of the male are absent.
Discover more
Red-Bellied Lemur
White-Fronted Brown Lemur
White-Fronted Brown Lemur
White-fronted brown lemus are medium-sized primates that have a horizontal posture, which is suited to their way of movement. These lemurs have a long furry tail assisting them in maintaining their balance as it lands from leaping at a considerable distance. Males have gray-brown upper parts, with darker lower limbs and tail, paler gray upper parts, gray head and face and a darker crown. Females have redder-brown upper parts, paler underparts ...
and darker feet than males. The cheeks and beards are white, bushy and pronounced in males, reddish-brown and less bushy in females. The head, face and muzzle of the female are dark gray, but without the bushy cheeks of the male.
Discover more
White-Fronted Brown Lemur
Madagascan Flying Fox
Madagascan Flying Fox
The Madagascan flying fox is a species of megabat and is the largest bat in Madagascar. They are brown in color with golden to reddish-brown areas on their chest and shoulders. The head of these bats is yellowish in color, and the wings are slate-grey to black in color. Both sexes look alike, but males are slightly bigger in size than females.
Discover more
Madagascan Flying Fox
Ring-Tailed Mongoose
Ring-Tailed Mongoose
Ring-tailed mongooses have a long and slender body. Their head is rounded with a pointed snout. The body is dark red in color and the feet are black. As the name implies, their bushy tail is covered with black and red rings and is similar to the Red panda.
Discover more
Ring-Tailed Mongoose
Malagasy Civet
Malagasy Civet
Malagasy civets are small mammals native to tropical forests of Madagascar. They are the second largest carnivore in Madagascar after the fossa. Malagasy civets have the appearance and movements of a small fox. They have a short coat greyish beige or brown in color, with dark black horizontal stripes running from head to tail, where the stripes are vertical, wrapping around the bushier tail. Near the belly, the stripes morph into spots. Legs of ...
these animals are short and very thin.
Discover more
Malagasy Civet
Panther Chameleon
Panther Chameleon
Panther chameleons are colorful reptiles and are very popular in the pet trade. Their coloration varies with location, and the different color patterns of these chameleons are commonly referred to as 'locales', which are named after the geographical location in which they are found. Panther chameleons can be vibrant blue, red, green, or orange. Numerous other color phases and patterns occur between and within regions. Females generally remain ...
tan and brown with hints of pink, peach, or bright orange, no matter where they are found, but there are slight differences in patterns and colors among the different color phases. Males in this species are larger and more vibrantly colored than females.
Discover more
Panther Chameleon
Madame Berthe's Mouse Lemur
Madame Berthe's Mouse Lemur
Madame Berthe's mouse lemur is the smallest primate in the world and can be found only in western Madagascar. It has a short, dense dorsal pelage that is bicolored cinnamon and yellow ochre. The middorsal stripe is tawny in color. The midventral area of the lemur is chamois in color while the flanks are a mixture of pale chamois and light pale neutral gray. The dorsal and ventral underfur is neutral blackish neutral gray in color. The tail has ...
short hair that is tawny. The crown and ears are also tawny in color. The area between the eyes is cinnamon in color and the hands and feet are dull beige.
Discover more
Madame Berthe's Mouse Lemur
1 - 40 out of 508 LOAD MORE