Endemic Animals of Malaysia








Bornean ferret-badger
Bornean ferret-badger
The Bornean ferret badger, also known as Everett's ferret badger or the Kinabalu ferret badger, is a small, nocturnal and omnivorous mammal that is endemic to the island of Borneo. It is a member of the family Mustelidae and is one of five species of the genus Melogale. It is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species due to its small distribution range, which includes Kinabalu National Park and Crocker Range National Park. ...
Bornean ferret badgers weigh up to 3 kg and reach a maximum recorded body length of 44cm . They forage on the ground for invertebrates, amphibians, insects, fruit and carrion. The overall population trend of the Bornean ferret badger is "assumed to be in at least shallow decrease", due to the numerous man-made and natural threats it faces.
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Bornean ferret-badger
Malayan peacock-pheasant
Malayan peacock-pheasant
The Malayan peacock-pheasant also known as crested peacock-pheasant or Malaysian peacock-pheasant, is a medium-sized pheasant of the galliform family Phasianidae. The closely related Bornean peacock-pheasant was formerly included here as a subspecies, but as understood today, P. malacense is monotypic.
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Malayan peacock-pheasant
White-fronted falconet
White-fronted falconet
The white-fronted falconet, also called the Bornean falconet, is a species of bird of prey in the family Falconidae. It is endemic to Sabah on the island of Borneo. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and arable land. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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White-fronted falconet
Malaysian crested argus
Malaysian crested argus
The Malayan crested argus is a large and spectacular peafowl-like species of bird in the pheasant family with dark-brown-spotted black and buff plumage, a heavy pink bill, brown irises and blue skin around the eyes. The head has two crests; the hind crest, which extends down the occiput, is erected when alarmed and during intentional behaviors including pair bonding and courtship displays. The male has a broad and greatly elongated tail of ...
twelve feathers. The tail covert of the male is the longest of any bird and is believed to contain the longest feathers to occur in a wild bird; the Reeves's pheasant has tail feathers of similar length but which are considerably narrower. The tail coverts measure up to 1.73 m in length, giving the bird a total length of 1.9–2.39 m .
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Malaysian crested argus
Black-crowned pitta
Black-crowned pitta
The black-crowned pitta, also known as the black-headed pitta, black-and-crimson pitta, black-and-scarlet pitta or black-crowned garnet pitta, is a brightly coloured, ground-dwelling, bird species in the pitta family. It is endemic to the Southeast Asian island of Borneo. It was described by John Gould in 1877, with the type locality recorded as the Lawas River in northern Sarawak.
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Black-crowned pitta
Malaysian partridge
Malaysian partridge
The Malayan partridge, or Campbell's partridge, is a bird species in the family Phasianidae. This species is found in highland forest in Peninsular Malaysia. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the grey-breasted partridge.
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Malaysian partridge
Hose's partridge
Hose's partridge
The Dulit partridge, also known as Hose's partridge, has been considered a distinctive subspecies of the long-billed partridge, a bird in the Phasianidae, or pheasant, family. It is endemic to Borneo, where it appears to be separated altitudinally from the nominate subspecies, and is often considered now to be a full species, Rhizothera dulitensis. It is little-known, rare, and has not been recorded since 1937.
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Hose's partridge
Malayan whistling thrush
Malayan whistling thrush
The Malayan whistling thrush or Malaysian whistling-thrush is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is endemic to the Malay Peninsula. Due primarily to habitat loss, its population is thought to be in decline.
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Malayan whistling thrush
Everett's thrush
Everett's thrush
Everett's thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. The name commemorates British colonial administrator and zoological collector Alfred Hart Everett.
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Everett's thrush
Friendly bush warbler
Friendly bush warbler
The friendly bush warbler, also known as the Kinabalu friendly warbler, is a species of Old World warbler in the family Locustellidae. It is endemic to the island of Borneo.
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Friendly bush warbler
Leptobrachella brevicrus
Leptobrachella brevicrus
Leptobrachella brevicrus is a species of amphibian in the family Megophryidae. It is only known from its type locality in Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia. Its natural habitat are stream sides in tropical moist montane forests.
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Leptobrachella brevicrus
Ichthyophis atricollaris
Ichthyophis atricollaris
Ichthyophis atricollaris, also known as the Long Bloee caecilian, is a species of caecilian in the family Ichthyophiidae. It is endemic to Sarawak, Borneo, and only known from its imprecise type locality, "Long Bloee, Boven Mahakkam, Borneo". The type series were collected during the Nieuwenhuis expedition to Borneo and were deposited at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden.
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Ichthyophis atricollaris
Ichthyophis biangularis
Ichthyophis biangularis
Ichthyophis biangularis, the angular caecilian or Metang caecilian, is a species of amphibian in the family Ichthyophiidae endemic to Borneo : it is only known from its type locality, Mount Matang in Sarawak, where the holotype was collected in 1872 by Alfred Hart Everett. New specimens were collected from the type locality only in 2009. In addition, one larval sample was collected from the same region and identified as likely Ichthyophis ...
biangularis using genetic methods.
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Ichthyophis biangularis
Ichthyophis dulitensis
Ichthyophis dulitensis
Ichthyophis dulitensis is a species of caecilian in the family Ichthyophiidae. It is endemic to Borneo and only known from near its type locality, Mount Dulit in northern Sarawak, Malaysia, after which it is named. Described by Edward Harrison Taylor in 1960, the holotype was collected by Charles Hose already in 1891. It is a poorly known species with uncertain taxonomic status. Common name Mount Dulit caecilian has been coined for it.
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Ichthyophis dulitensis
Pelophryne misera
Pelophryne misera
Pelophryne misera, the black flathead toad or Kinabalu dwarf toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to northwestern Borneo and known from Sabah and Sarawak, although its distribution is likely to be broader and might extend to Kalimantan . It was first described from specimens collected from Mount Kinabalu. Palawan toadlet Pelophryne albotaeniata from Palawan, the Philippines, is morphologically similar to Pelophryne ...
misera and might be its subspecies.
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Pelophryne misera
Feihyla inexpectata
Feihyla inexpectata
Feihyla inexpectata is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. This recently described species is endemic to Malaysian Borneo and known from its type locality in the Maliau Basin Conservation Area, Sandakan Division, Sabah and from Danum Valley, also in Sabah. Common name Bornean opposite-fingered tree frog has been coined for it.
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Feihyla inexpectata
Meristogenys jerboa
Meristogenys jerboa
Meristogenys jerboa is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It is endemic to western Sarawak in Borneo . Common names western torrent frog, Matang torrent frog, and Gunther's Borneo frog have been coined for it. Many cryptic species have been separated from this species. Based on mitochondrial DNA, current "true" Meristogenys jerboa still includes two major lineages. However, because the lineages occur in sympatry and do not differ in ...
morphology, Shimada and colleagues elected to treat them as intraspecific variants.
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Meristogenys jerboa
Ansonia vidua
Ansonia vidua
Ansonia vidua is a species of toads in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Sarawak, Borneo. Common names Murud black slender toad and widow slender toad have been coined for this little known species. The latter name refers to the black colouration of this species and the fact that no male individuals are known.
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Ansonia vidua
Ansonia torrentis
Ansonia torrentis
Ansonia torrentis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Mount Mulu in Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. It is known from beside a small, clear, mountain stream with a steep gradient. Its known distribution is within the Gunung Mulu National Park.
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Ansonia torrentis
Ansonia guibei
Ansonia guibei
Ansonia guibei is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to northwestern Sabah in Malaysian Borneo. The specific name guibei honors Jean Guibé, a French zoologist and herpetologist. Common names Mesilau toad and Mesilau stream toad have been coined for it.
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Ansonia guibei
Metaphrynella pollicaris
Metaphrynella pollicaris
Metaphrynella pollicaris is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia.
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Metaphrynella pollicaris
Pelophryne api
Pelophryne api
Pelophryne api is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in Malaysia and possibly Brunei. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and intermittent freshwater marshes.
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Pelophryne api
Ansonia fuliginea
Ansonia fuliginea
Ansonia fuliginea, the North Borneo stream toad or North Borneo slender toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo.
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Ansonia fuliginea
Philautus gunungensis
Philautus gunungensis
Philautus gunungensis is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to the Mount Kinabalu region, in Sabah, Borneo.
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Philautus gunungensis
Ingerophrynus kumquat
Ingerophrynus kumquat
Ingerophrynus kumquat is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Selangor state, Peninsular Malaysia, where it is only known from peat swamps near its type locality. This species is a peat swamp specialist that is locally abundant but is threatened by habitat loss caused by drainage and reclamation of peat swamps for agriculture.
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Ingerophrynus kumquat
Ansonia penangensis
Ansonia penangensis
Ansonia penangensis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Penang Island, Malaysia. Records from elsewhere represent other species; the mainland records are referable to Ansonia malayana and Ansonia jeetsukumarani.
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Ansonia penangensis
Ansonia tiomanica
Ansonia tiomanica
Ansonia tiomanica is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Tioman Island, off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
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Ansonia tiomanica
Ansonia platysoma
Ansonia platysoma
Ansonia platysoma is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in Malaysia and possibly Brunei. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Ansonia platysoma
Pelophryne guentheri
Pelophryne guentheri
Pelophryne guentheri is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Borneo and only known from the lowlands of Sarawak, Malaysia, though it is likely to occur also in Sabah and northeastern Kalimantan . Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Pelophryne guentheri
Kalophrynus robinsoni
Kalophrynus robinsoni
Kalophrynus robinsoni is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is endemic to Pahang in central Peninsular Malaysia. The specific name robinsoni honours Herbert C. Robinson, a British zoologist and ornithologist. This poorly known species has not been reported since 1922.
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Kalophrynus robinsoni
Pelophryne rhopophilia
Pelophryne rhopophilia
Pelophryne rhopophilia, also known as lowland dwarf toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Borneo and found in north-eastern and south-western Sarawak and in adjacent West Kalimantan .
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Pelophryne rhopophilia
Leptolalax platycephalus
Leptolalax platycephalus
Leptolalax platycephalus is a species of frogs in the family Megophryidae.
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Leptolalax platycephalus
Leptolalax kecil
Leptolalax kecil
Leptolalax kecil is a species of megophryid frogs found in the Cameron Highlands of Peninsular Malaysia. It is only known from its type locality, but it is expected to have a wider distribution in the Cameron Highlands. This species may have been erroneously identified as Leptolalax gracilis.
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Leptolalax kecil
Odorrana monjerai
Odorrana monjerai
Odorrana monjerai is a medium-sized frog of the genus Odorrana.
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Odorrana monjerai
Leptolalax fritinniens
Leptolalax fritinniens
Leptolalax fritinniens is a species of frog in the family Megophryidae.
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Leptolalax fritinniens
Larut Hills rice frog
Larut Hills rice frog
Nanohyla annectens, the Larut Hills rice frog, is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is found in Peninsular Malaysia; records from Thailand and elsewhere probably refer to other species. Its natural habitats are evergreen submontane and montane rainforests. It lives on the forest floor and in puddles and breeds in temporary pools. It is locally threatened by habitat loss.
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Larut Hills rice frog
Leptolalax sabahmontanus
Leptolalax sabahmontanus
Leptolalax sabahmontanus is a species of frogs in the family Megophryidae from Borneo.
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Leptolalax sabahmontanus
Garthius
Garthius
Garthius chaseni commonly known as Chasen's mountain pit viper, Chasen's tree viper, and the Kinabalu brown pit viper, is a species of venomous pitviper in the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to the island of Borneo in Malaysia. No subspecies are currently recognized. It is monotypic in the genus Garthius.
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Garthius
Anomochilus leonardi
Anomochilus leonardi
Common names: Leonard's pipe snake, Leonard's burrowing snake, Malayan giant blind snake. Anomochilus leonardi is a species of snake in the family Anomochilidae. The species is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia. No subspecies are recognized as of 2015.
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Anomochilus leonardi
Trimeresurus malcolmi
Trimeresurus malcolmi
Trimeresurus malcolmi is a venomous pitviper species found in East Malaysia. Common names include: Malcolm's pitviper, Malcolm's tree viper, and Mt. Kinabalu pit viper.
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Trimeresurus malcolmi
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