Endemic Animals of Mauritius








Rodrigues Flying Fox
Rodrigues Flying Fox
The Rodrigues flying fox is a species of flying foxes or fruit bats. These bats are called "flying foxes" because they have pointed ears and elongated muzzles which make them look like small foxes. The fur color of Rodrigues flying foxes varies and can be orange, yellow, red, silver or even black. Males and females in this species have a similar appearance.
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Rodrigues Flying Fox
Pink Pigeon
Pink Pigeon
The Pink pigeon is a rare species of pigeon endemic to Mauritius that nearly became extinct in the 1990s. It was on the brink of extinction in 1991 when only 10 individuals remained, but its numbers have increased due to the efforts of the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust since 1977.
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Pink Pigeon
Mauritian Flying Fox
Mauritian Flying Fox
The Mauritian flying fox is the largest endemic mammal in Mauritius. Its fur is golden. It has small ears, thick hair on the tibiae, the dorsal coloration of the glossy, blackish-brown mantle, tinged with rufous, which extends posteriorly into a dark brown median spinal tract, flanked by buff lateral patches.
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Mauritian Flying Fox
Scaly-foot snail
Scaly-foot snail
Chrysomallon squamiferum, commonly known as the scaly-foot gastropod, scaly-foot snail, or sea pangolin, is a species of deep-sea hydrothermal-vent snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Peltospiridae. This vent-endemic gastropod is known only from deep-sea hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean, where it has been found at depths of about 2,400–2,900 m . C. squamiferum differs greatly from other deep-sea gastropods, even the closely r ...
elated neomphalines. In 2019, it was declared endangered on the IUCN Red List, the first species to be listed as such due to risks from deep-sea mining of its vent habitat that also produce high-quality metal ores. The shell is of a unique construction, with three layers; the outer layer consists of iron sulfides, the middle layer is equivalent to the organic periostracum found in other gastropods, and the innermost layer is made of aragonite. The foot is also unusual, being armored at the sides with iron-mineralised sclerites. The snail's oesophageal gland houses symbiotic gammaproteobacteria from which the snail appears to obtain its nourishment. This species is considered to be one of the most peculiar deep-sea hydrothermal-vent gastropods, and it is the only known extant animal that incorporates iron sulfide into its skeleton . Its heart is, proportionately speaking, unusually large for any animal: the heart comprises approximately 4% of its body volume.
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Scaly-foot snail
Echo parakeet
Echo parakeet
The echo parakeet is a species of parrot endemic to the Mascarene Islands of Mauritius and formerly Réunion. It is the only living native parrot of the Mascarene Islands; all others have become extinct due to human activity. Two subspecies have been recognised, the extinct Réunion parakeet and the living echo parakeet, sometimes known as the Mauritius parakeet. The relationship between the two populations was historically unclear, but a 2015 DNA s ...
tudy determined them to be subspecies of the same species by comparing the DNA of echo parakeets with a single skin thought to be from a Réunion parakeet, but it has also been suggested they did not constitute different subspecies. As it was named first, the binomial name of the Réunion parakeet is used for the species; the Réunion subspecies thereby became P. eques eques, while the Mauritius subspecies became P. eques echo. Their closest relative was the extinct Newton's parakeet of Rodrigues, and the three are grouped among the subspecies of the rose-ringed parakeet of Asia and Africa. The echo parakeet is 34–42 cm long, weighs 167–193 g, and its wingspan is 49–54 cm . It is generally green and has two collars on the neck; the male has one black and one pink collar, and the female has one green and one indistinct black collar. The upper bill of the male is red and the lower blackish brown; the female's upper bill is black. The skin around the eyes is orange and the feet are grey. Juveniles have a red-orange bill, which turns black after they fledge, and immature birds are similar to the female. The Réunion parakeet had a complete pink collar around the neck, whereas it tapers out at the back in the Mauritius subspecies. The related rose-ringed parakeet which has been introduced to Mauritius is similar, though slightly different in colouration and smaller. The echo parakeet has a wide range of vocalisations, the most common sounding like "chaa-chaa, chaa-chaa". As the species is limited to forests with native vegetation, it is largely restricted to the Black River Gorges National Park in the southwest of Mauritius. It is arboreal and keeps to the canopy, where it feeds and rests. It nests in natural cavities in old trees, and clutches usually consist of two to four white eggs. The female incubates the eggs, while the male feeds her, and the young are brooded by the female. Not all pairs are strictly monogamous, as breeding between females and "auxiliary males" is known to occur. The echo parakeet mainly feeds on the fruits and leaves of native plants, though it has been observed to feed on introduced plants. The Réunion parakeet probably went extinct due to hunting and deforestation, and was last reported in 1732. The echo parakeet was also hunted by early visitors to Mauritius and due to destruction and alteration of its native habitat, its numbers declined throughout the 20th century, reaching as few as eight to 12 in the 1980s, when it was referred to as "the world's rarest parrot". An intensive effort of captive breeding beginning in the 1990s saved the bird from extinction; the species was downgraded from critically endangered to endangered in 2007, and the population had reached 750 birds by 2019, whereafter it was classified as vulnerable.
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Echo parakeet
Mauritius kestrel
Mauritius kestrel
The Mauritius kestrel is a bird of prey from the family Falconidae endemic to the forests of Mauritius, where it is restricted to the southwestern plateau's forests, cliffs, and ravines. It is the most distinct of the Indian Ocean kestrels. It colonized its island home to evolve into a distinct species probably during the Gelasian . It is the most distant living species among the western Indian Ocean kestrels . By 1974 the Mauritius kestrel was ...
close to extinction, with only four known birds including one breeding female. After a number of conservation efforts, by 2019 there was a population of about 400 birds. This conservation achievement is regarded as one of the most successful and best documented bird restoration projects in the world.
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Mauritius kestrel
Mauritius starling
Mauritius starling
The Mauritius starling is an extinct species of starling, described in 2014 by Julian P. Hume, based on subfossils from Mauritius. The holotype mandible was discovered in 1904, but was hidden in a museum drawer for over a hundred years, hence the genus name. The Mauritius starling was shown to be closer to the Rodrigues starling than to the hoopoe starling of Réunion.
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Mauritius starling
Mauritius fody
Mauritius fody
The Mauritius fody is a rare species of bird in the weaver family. It is endemic to the island of Mauritius. It is classified by BirdLife International as being endangered. It is also on the United States' Endangered Species List with an endangered status.
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Mauritius fody
Mauritius olive white-eye
Mauritius olive white-eye
The Mauritius olive white-eye is a very rare passerine from the family of white-eyes . It is endemic to the island of Mauritius.
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Mauritius olive white-eye
Mauritius bulbul
Mauritius bulbul
The Mauritius bulbul, is a songbird belonging to the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is endemic to Mauritius.
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Mauritius bulbul
Mascarene paradise flycatcher
Mascarene paradise flycatcher
The Mascarene paradise flycatcher is a species of bird in the monarch-flycatcher family Monarchidae. It is endemic to the Mascarene islands of Mauritius and Réunion. There are two subspecies recognized: the nominate subspecies from Réunion, also known as the Réunion paradise flycatcher; and T. b. desolata from Mauritius. The Mascarene paradise flycatcher was originally described in the genus Muscicapa and the subspecies T. b. desolata was or ...
iginally described as a separate species.
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Mascarene paradise flycatcher
Mascarene swiftlet
Mascarene swiftlet
The Mascarene swiftlet is a species of swift in the family Apodidae. It is found in Mauritius and Réunion, and the populations on the two islands have recently been confirmed to differ subspecifically. The nominate race francicus is found on Mauritius and the recently described race saffordi occurs on Réunion. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, subtropical or t ...
ropical high-altitude grassland, caves, arable land, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Mascarene swiftlet
Réunion olive white-eye
Réunion olive white-eye
The Réunion olive white-eye is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It is found on Réunion. Its natural habitats are boreal forests and subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland.
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Réunion olive white-eye
Rodrigues fody
Rodrigues fody
The Rodrigues fody is a rare species of bird in the weaver family. It is endemic to Rodrigues, an island of Mauritius. It is classified by BirdLife International as being vulnerable. It is also on the United States' Endangered Species List with an endangered status.
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Rodrigues fody
Mauritius grey white-eye
Mauritius grey white-eye
The Mauritius grey white-eye is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It is endemic to Mauritius. It inhabits woodlands, forests, and gardens. The Réunion grey white-eye is very closely related. They were formerly considered conspecific and together called Mascarene white-eye.
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Mauritius grey white-eye
Rodrigues warbler
Rodrigues warbler
The Rodrigues warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Acrocephalidae.
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Rodrigues warbler
Cheke's wood rail
Cheke's wood rail
Cheke's wood rail, also known as Sauzier's wood rail, is an extinct species of rail which was endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius. It was described by British ornithologist Julian P. Hume in 2019, and the name honours British ecologist Anthony S. Cheke.
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Cheke's wood rail
Round Island boa
Round Island boa
The Round Island boa, also known as the Round Island keel-scaled boa and the Round Island ground boa, is a species of nonvenomous snake in the monotypic genus Casarea in the family Bolyeriidae. The species is endemic to Round Island, Mauritius. No subspecies are currently recognized.
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Round Island boa
Blue-tailed day gecko
Blue-tailed day gecko
The blue-tailed day gecko is a diurnal species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to the island Mauritius. It typically inhabits warm and humid places and dwells on different trees and bushes.
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Blue-tailed day gecko
Mauritius ornate day gecko
Mauritius ornate day gecko
Mauritius ornate day gecko is a diurnal species of gecko. It occurs on the island Mauritius and some surrounding islands and typically inhabits different trees and bushes. The Mauritius ornate day gecko feeds on insects and nectar.
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Mauritius ornate day gecko
Round Island day gecko
Round Island day gecko
The Round Island day gecko, Phelsuma guentheri, also known as Günther's gecko, is an endangered species of gecko. It lives on the islet Round Island, and typically dwells on different palm trees. The Round Island day gecko feeds on insects and nectar.
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Round Island day gecko
Leiolopisma telfairii
Leiolopisma telfairii
Leiolopisma telfairii, also known commonly as the Round Island ground skink, the Round Island skink, and Telfair's skink, is a species of lizard in the family Scincidae. The species is endemic to Round Island, one of the islands of Mauritius.
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Leiolopisma telfairii
Agalega day gecko
Agalega day gecko
Agalega day gecko is a subspecies of geckos.
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Agalega day gecko
Bojer's skink
Bojer's skink
Bojer's skink is a small species of skink, a lizard in the family Scincidae. The species is endemic to Mauritius including some of its offshore islands.
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Bojer's skink
Serpent Island gecko
Serpent Island gecko
The Serpent Island gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Mauritius.
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Serpent Island gecko
Mauritius upland forest day gecko
Mauritius upland forest day gecko
Mauritius upland forest day gecko is a diurnal species of geckos. It lives in the upland forest of Mauritius and typically inhabits large trees. The Mauritius upland forest day gecko feeds on insects and nectar.
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Mauritius upland forest day gecko
Lesser night gecko
Lesser night gecko
The lesser night gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. It is endemic to Mauritius.
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Lesser night gecko
Natal free-tailed bat
Natal free-tailed bat
The Natal free-tailed bat is a species of bat in the family Molossidae, the free-tailed bats. It is endemic to the island of Mauritius. It is known from fewer than five locations in its range, but it is common at a few sites. It roosts in caves, and it is considered to be an endangered species due to disturbance of its cave habitat.
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Natal free-tailed bat
Tropidophora carinata
Tropidophora carinata
Tropidophora carinata is a species of land snail with a gill and an operculum, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Pomatiidae.
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Tropidophora carinata
Glossodoris cincta
Glossodoris cincta
Glossodoris cincta is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae. This name has been extensively used for a group of similarly coloured species, some of which are un-named.
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Glossodoris cincta
Ophioglossolambis violacea
Ophioglossolambis violacea
Ophioglossolambis violacea is a species of large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae family, the true conchs and their allies.
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Ophioglossolambis violacea
Tridacna rosewateri
Tridacna rosewateri
Tridacna rosewateri is a species of marine bivalve in the family Cardiidae. It is endemic to Mauritius.
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Tridacna rosewateri
Tropidophora articulata
Tropidophora articulata
Tropidophora articulata is a species of land snail with a gill and an operculum, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Pomatiidae.
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Tropidophora articulata
Sepia saya
Sepia saya
Sepia saya is a species of cuttlefish known only from its type locality in the southwestern Indian Ocean. It lives at depths of 87 to 117 m.
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Sepia saya
Halgerda formosa
Halgerda formosa
Halgerda formosa is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, shell-less marine gastropod mollusks in the family Discodorididae.
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Halgerda formosa
Conus julii
Conus julii
Conus julii is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conus julii
Sepia plathyconchalis
Sepia plathyconchalis
Sepia plathyconchalis is a species of cuttlefish native to the western Indian Ocean, specifically the Saya-de-Malha Bank, Cargados-Carajos Shoals, and St Brandon Shoals. It lives in shallow waters at depths of between 25 and 63 m.
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Sepia plathyconchalis
Tropidophora michaudi
Tropidophora michaudi
Tropidophora michaudi is a species of land snail with a gill and an operculum, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Pomatiidae. This species is endemic to Mauritius.
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Tropidophora michaudi
Conus lecourtorum
Conus lecourtorum
Conus lecourtorum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails, cone shells or cones. These snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans.
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Conus lecourtorum
Gabrielona pisinna
Gabrielona pisinna
Gabrielona pisinna, common name the tiny pheasant, is a species of small sea snail with calcareous opercula, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Phasianellidae, the pheasant snails.
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Gabrielona pisinna
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