Endemic Animals of Nigeria








Ibadan malimbe
Ibadan malimbe
The Ibadan malimbe is a rare species of bird in the family Ploceidae.
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Ibadan malimbe
Jos Plateau indigobird
Jos Plateau indigobird
The Jos Plateau indigobird is a species of bird in the family Viduidae. It is endemic to Nigeria. It lays its eggs in the nest of the rock firefinch which is also restricted to Nigeria. Because of their inability to incubate their eggs, they lay their eggs in the nest of the rock firefinch and then take away the exact number of laid eggs from the host bird in order to avoid suspicion from the host bird . After hatching they exhibit dominance ...
against the hatchlings of the rock firefinchers. Their breeding seasons are all round the year but more pronounced during the cold Harmattan period between July and December.
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Jos Plateau indigobird
Rock firefinch
Rock firefinch
The rock firefinch is a species of estrildid finch found in the Jos Plateau of central Nigeria and in Cameroon. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 29,000 km². The rock firefinch was discovered recently, in 1998. Rock firefinches fall in the family Estrildidae, which contains small passerine birds of the Old World and Australasia. Rock firefinches seem to be most closely related to Mali firefinches and Chad firefinches. The ...
species name sanguinodorsalis means blood-red back, which was chosen because it describes the vibrant red back color of the male plumage. The status of the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
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Rock firefinch
Sclerophrys perreti
Sclerophrys perreti
Sclerophrys perreti is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Idanre Hills in southwestern Nigeria. Sclerophrys perreti is one of the frogs declared as "Lost" in 2010. However, it was re-discovered at its type locality in 2013. Before that, it had not been seen—possibly—since 1970, and with certainty, since 1963. Common name Perret's toad has been coined for it.
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Sclerophrys perreti
Cynisca kigomensis
Cynisca kigomensis
Cynisca kigomensis is a worm lizard species in the family Amphisbaenidae. It is endemic to Nigeria.
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Cynisca kigomensis
Cynisca nigeriensis
Cynisca nigeriensis
Cynisca nigeriensis is a worm lizard species in the family Amphisbaenidae. It is endemic to Nigeria.
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Cynisca nigeriensis
Sclater's guenon
Sclater's guenon
Sclater's guenon, also known as Sclater's monkey and the Nigerian monkey, is an Old World monkey that was first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1904 and named after Philip Sclater. It is an arboreal and diurnal primate that lives in the forests of southern Nigeria. It should not be confused with the closely related species, the white-throated guenon, which occurs in Nigeria and Benin. Sclater's guenon was formerly classified as a ...
subspecies of the red-eared guenon .
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Sclater's guenon
Niger Delta red colobus
Niger Delta red colobus
The Niger Delta red colobus is a critically endangered species of colobus monkey endemic to the western part of the Niger Delta. It is threatened by hunting and habitat loss.
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Niger Delta red colobus
Fox's shaggy rat
Fox's shaggy rat
Fox's shaggy rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in Nigeria. Its natural habitats are moist savanna, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, swampland, and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Fox's shaggy rat
Savanna swamp shrew
Savanna swamp shrew
The Savanna swamp shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Nigeria. Its natural habitat is swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Savanna swamp shrew
Lagos serotine
Lagos serotine
The Lagos serotine is a species of vesper bat. It is found in Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, and possibly Senegal.
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Lagos serotine
Gotel Mountain soft-furred mouse
Gotel Mountain soft-furred mouse
The Gotel Mountain soft-furred mouse or Gotel Mountain praomys, is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is endemic to the Gotel Mountains in southeastern Nigeria. It occurs in fern-grassland, montane forest, along streams in forest, gallery forest, and swamp forest, at elevations of 1,600
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Gotel Mountain soft-furred mouse