Endemic Animals of Peru








Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey
Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey
The Yellow-tailed woolly monkeys are easily recognizable primates due to their long, dark, reddish-brown coat as well as white ring of fur around their mouth. However, the most conspicuous feature of this species is the small, yellow colored strip on the underside of their tail, giving these animals their name. These monkeys have a prehensile tail, which can grip objects. The Yellow-tailed woolly monkeys were originally discovered in the early ...
19th century. Over time, however, they were believed to have gone extinct. And finally, in 1974, this species was discovered again.
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Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey
Mimic poison frog
Mimic poison frog
Ranitomeya imitator, is a species of poison dart frog found in the north-central region of eastern Peru. Its common names include mimic poison frog and poison arrow frog, and it is one of the best known dart frogs. It was discovered in the late 1980s by Rainer Schulte who later split it up into more subspecies; describing each as a specific color morph, and sometimes having a separate behavioral pattern. The acoustics, morphs, and behavior of ...
the species have been extensively researched.
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Mimic poison frog
White-tufted sunbeam
White-tufted sunbeam
The white-tufted sunbeam is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.
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White-tufted sunbeam
Junin crake
Junin crake
The Junin crake or Junin rail is a species of bird in the family Rallidae. It is usually considered a subspecies of the black rail. The Junín rail is, as suggested by its common name, endemic to marshy habitats around Lake Junín in west-central Peru. It is threatened by habitat loss. The Junin flightless grebe, another highly endangered species, is restricted to the same lake.
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Junin crake
Peruvian piedtail
Peruvian piedtail
The Peruvian piedtail, Colibri de Hartert, or Colibrí Colipinto Peruano is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Peruvian piedtail
White-cheeked cotinga
White-cheeked cotinga
The white-cheeked cotinga is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is monotypic within the genus Zaratornis. It is endemic to the Andes in west-central Peru. It mainly occurs at altitudes 3,250-4,250 m.a.s.l. in woodlands dominated by Polylepis and Gynoxys. It primarily feeds on mistletoe berries. It is threatened by habitat destruction and consequently considered vulnerable by BirdLife International and IUCN.
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White-cheeked cotinga
Tit-like dacnis
Tit-like dacnis
The tit-like dacnis is a small neotropical passerine bird found in southern Ecuador and Peru. In Spanish, it is known as Azulito Altoandino. It is found in Andean montane scrub forests from 3000 m to 4600 m elevation.
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Tit-like dacnis
Fiery-throated metaltail
Fiery-throated metaltail
The fiery-throated metaltail or fire-throated metaltail is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
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Fiery-throated metaltail
Inca wren
Inca wren
The Inca wren is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Inca wren
Rusty-tinged antpitta
Rusty-tinged antpitta
The rusty-tinged antpitta is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Rusty-tinged antpitta
Ash-throated antwren
Ash-throated antwren
The ash-throated antwren is an insectivorous bird in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae.
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Ash-throated antwren
Peruvian seaside cinclodes
Peruvian seaside cinclodes
The Peruvian seaside cinclodes or surf cinclodes is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to rocky shorelines in Peru. It is often considered a subspecies of the Chilean seaside cinclodes.
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Peruvian seaside cinclodes
Golden-backed mountain tanager
Golden-backed mountain tanager
The golden-backed mountain tanager is an endangered species of bird in the tanager family. This large and brightly colored tanager is endemic to elfin forests in the Andean highlands of central Peru. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Golden-backed mountain tanager
Sira tanager
Sira tanager
The Sira tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to Peru and exists only in the Sira range.
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Sira tanager
Pardusco
Pardusco
The pardusco is a species of tanager that is endemic to woodland near the timberline in the Andes of central Peru. It is the only member of the genus Nephelornis. This small olive-brown bird is typically seen in groups, which sometimes join mixed species flocks. It has a small range, but is locally fairly common, and consequently considered to be of least concern by BirdLife International and IUCN.
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Pardusco
Raimondi's yellow finch
Raimondi's yellow finch
Raimondi's yellow finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to coastal Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.
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Raimondi's yellow finch
Unstreaked tit-tyrant
Unstreaked tit-tyrant
The unstreaked tit-tyrant is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Unstreaked tit-tyrant
Vilcabamba thistletail
Vilcabamba thistletail
The Vilcabamba thistletail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the Vilcabamba Mountains of Peru.
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Vilcabamba thistletail
Chestnut-backed thornbird
Chestnut-backed thornbird
The chestnut-backed thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru. Its natural habitat is Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Chestnut-backed thornbird
Tschudi's tapaculo
Tschudi's tapaculo
Tschudi's tapaculo is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Tschudi's tapaculo
Huallaga tanager
Huallaga tanager
The Huallaga tanager or black-bellied tanager, is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Huallaga tanager
Rusty-fronted canastero
Rusty-fronted canastero
The rusty-fronted canastero is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Rusty-fronted canastero
Neblina tapaculo
Neblina tapaculo
The neblina tapaculo is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae. It is endemic to the Andes of northern Peru.
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Neblina tapaculo
Eye-ringed thistletail
Eye-ringed thistletail
The eye-ringed thistletail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to central Peru.
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Eye-ringed thistletail
Piura chat-tyrant
Piura chat-tyrant
The Piura chat-tyrant is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Piura chat-tyrant
Creamy-crested spinetail
Creamy-crested spinetail
The creamy-crested spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Creamy-crested spinetail
Apurímac spinetail
Apurímac spinetail
The Apurímac spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Apurímac spinetail
Black-spectacled brushfinch
Black-spectacled brushfinch
The black-spectacled brushfinch is a species of bird in the family Passerellidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Black-spectacled brushfinch
Long-whiskered owlet
Long-whiskered owlet
The long-whiskered owlet is a tiny owl that is endemic to a small area in the Andean mountains in Amazonas and San Martín in northern Peru. It is restricted to cloud forests with dense undergrowth and epiphytes at about 1,890–2,200 metres above sea level.
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Long-whiskered owlet
Yellow-faced parrotlet
Yellow-faced parrotlet
The yellow-faced parrotlet is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae.
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Yellow-faced parrotlet
Junin grebe
Junin grebe
The Junín grebe, also known as Junin flightless grebe or puna grebe, is a grebe found only on Lake Junin in the highlands of Junín, west-central Peru. The grebe generally breeds in bays and channels around the edge of the Lake, within 8–75 m of reed beds, entering the reeds only for nesting or roosting. When not breeding, Junin grebe prefer open water, moving far out from lake shores. The current population is estimated at less than 250. The sci ...
entific name commemorates the Polish zoologist Władysław Taczanowski, author of Ornithology of Peru . Another highly endangered species, the Junin rail, is restricted to the same lake.
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Junin grebe
White-winged guan
White-winged guan
The white-winged guan is a bird in the chachalaca, guan and curassow family Cracidae. It is endemic to northwestern Peru.
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White-winged guan
Cerulean-capped manakin
Cerulean-capped manakin
The cerulean-capped manakin is a species of bird in the family Pipridae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Cerulean-capped manakin
Yellow-browed toucanet
Yellow-browed toucanet
The yellow-browed toucanet is a rare species of bird in the family Ramphastidae. Among the least known members of the family, it is endemic to humid forests growing on the east Andean slope in northern Peru.
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Yellow-browed toucanet
Sira curassow
Sira curassow
The Sira curassow is a species of bird in the family Cracidae. It is found in the Cerros del Sira in central Peru. Its natural habitat is tropical, moist, montane cloud forest. It was first discovered in 1969, when a male and female were recovered, and was not recorded by scientists again until 2000 and 2003, when local Asháninka people were shown pictures of the birds and respectively 1 and 14 people recalled having seen or hunted them in the ...
past few years. The name 'Sira curassow' was proposed as a new English common name in 2011 by Gastañaga et al. to replace the previous 'horned curassow', in 2012 this proposal was adopted by most of her colleagues. In the Asháninka language of the area the bird is known as quiyuri according to Weske & Terborgh, piyori according to the report 'Nombres Asháninka de las Aves en la Cordillera el Sira' by González, or piuri according to Gastañaga .
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Sira curassow
Koepcke's hermit
Koepcke's hermit
Koepcke's hermit is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found only in Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Koepcke's hermit
Spheniscus muizoni
Spheniscus muizoni
Spheniscus muizoni is an extinct species of banded penguins that lived during the early Late Miocene in what is now Peru, South America. The species, the earliest member of the extant genus, was described in 2007 by Ursula B. Göhlich based on fossils found in the fossiliferous Pisco Formation of the Pisco Basin, southwestern Peru.
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Spheniscus muizoni
Black metaltail
Black metaltail
The black metaltail is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is endemic to Peru and possibly stretches to northern Chile and Bolivia. Within the latter two countries it is possible that there may be speciation or separate subspecies but more research is required. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. Its song has been reported to be a repeating ...
"tsee" noise. Like most hummingbirds it hovers in flight for most of its nectar feeding, and will also hunt arthropods. Eggs are usually laid between July and January.
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Black metaltail
Scarlet-banded barbet
Scarlet-banded barbet
The scarlet-banded barbet is a species of bird in the New World barbet family, Capitonidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Scarlet-banded barbet
Koepcke's screech owl
Koepcke's screech owl
Koepcke's screech owl is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. It is endemic to Peru.
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Koepcke's screech owl
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