Endemic Animals of Russia








Baikal Seal
Baikal Seal
Baikal seals are tiny seals that are members of the family Phocidae. They are native to Siberia and live only within Lake Baikal, from where their common name comes. They are the only type of freshwater seal type and it is still unknown how they arrived in the lake, thousands of kilometers from a seal’s traditional habitat of the sea. The theory is that seals went along the Yenisey and Angara rivers to the Baikal and settled there. The existence o ...
f an underground channel between the lake and Lena River and the lake was also proposed, but no scientific basis has been found for this.
Discover more
Baikal Seal
Snow sheep
Snow sheep
The snow sheep, or Siberian bighorn sheep, is a species of sheep from the mountainous areas in the northeast of Siberia. One subspecies, the Putorana snow sheep, lives isolated from the other forms in the Putoran Mountains.
Discover more
Snow sheep
Arctic lemming
Arctic lemming
The Arctic lemming is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. Although generally classified as a "least concern" species, the Novaya Zemlya subspecies is considered a vulnerable species under Russian nature conservation legislation .
Discover more
Arctic lemming
Ladoga seal
Ladoga seal
The Ladoga ringed seal, is a freshwater subspecies of the ringed seal which are found entirely in Lake Ladoga in northwestern Russia. The subspecies evolved during the last ice age, about 11,000 years ago. As the glaciers retreated and water levels changed, the Baltic ringed seal was trapped in freshwater lakes and separated from the Arctic ringed seal. It is related to the even smaller population of Saimaa ringed seals in Lake Saimaa, a lake ...
that flows into Ladoga through the Vuoksi River.
Discover more
Ladoga seal
Siberian lynx
Siberian lynx
The Siberian lynx, also known as the East Siberian lynx, is a subspecies of Eurasian lynx living in the Russian Far East. It lives in the Stanovoy Range and east of the Yenisei River. There were 5,890 mature individuals in the Russian Far East as of 2013. Prey include the Siberian roe deer. The Siberian lynx is the second most common subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. According to a study done on the mortality of Eurasian lynx, the Siberian lynx ...
lives to an average age of 15 years.
Discover more
Siberian lynx
Tundra bean goose
Tundra bean goose
The tundra bean goose is a goose that breeds in northern Siberia. This and the taiga bean goose are recognised as separate species by the American Ornithological Society and International Ornithologists' Union, but are considered a single species by other authorities . It is migratory and winters further south in Asia. The taiga and tundra bean goose diverged about 2.5 million years ago and established secondary contact ca. 60,000 years ago, ...
resulting in extensive gene flow.
Discover more
Tundra bean goose
Panthera tigris acutidens
Panthera tigris acutidens
Panthera tigris acutidens is an extinct tiger subspecies, which was scientifically described in 1928 based on fossils excavated near Wanhsien in southern China's Sichuan Province. Otto Zdansky named it Felis acutidens. After the fossils were re-examined in 1947, they were attributed to Panthera tigris acutidens by Dirk Albert Hooijer and Walter W. Granger.
Discover more
Panthera tigris acutidens
Siberian nuthatch
Siberian nuthatch
The Siberian nuthatch is a small passerine bird of the family Sittidae, found in Eastern Siberia. Until 2006, it was usually treated as a subspecies of the Eurasian nuthatch . The split was accepted by the British Ornithologists' Union in 2012.
Discover more
Siberian nuthatch
Anser djuktaiensis
Anser djuktaiensis
Anser djuktaiensis or Dyuktai goose is an extinct goose, similar to but larger than the extant greylag goose, the remains of which have been found in the Dyuktai Cave near the Dyuktai River in Yakutia, Russia. The cave is dated from Upper Pleistocene to possibly Holocene in age.
Discover more
Anser djuktaiensis
Vipera orlovi
Vipera orlovi
Vipera orlovi is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Russia.
Discover more
Vipera orlovi
Darevskia szczerbaki
Darevskia szczerbaki
Darevskia szczerbaki, Szczerbak's lizard, is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is endemic to Russia.
Discover more
Darevskia szczerbaki
Darevskia saxicola
Darevskia saxicola
Darevskia saxicola is a lizard species in the genus Darevskia. It is found in Georgia, Russia, and Turkey.
Discover more
Darevskia saxicola
Black-capped marmot
Black-capped marmot
The black-capped marmot is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to the Russian Far East, but its range is discontinuous and divided into three main parts, each with its own subspecies. The black-capped marmot lives in arctic tundra and alpine habitats from near sea-level to an altitude of 2,000 m . Depending on exact subpopulation, they hibernate for 6
Discover more
Black-capped marmot
Giant mole-rat
Giant mole-rat
The giant mole-rat or Russian mole-rat is a species of rodent in the family Spalacidae found in a limited area of Kazakhstan and southern Russia. It feeds on roots and tubers and lives underground in a burrow that it digs with its teeth.
Discover more
Giant mole-rat
Forest-steppe marmot
Forest-steppe marmot
The forest-steppe marmot is a rodent species of the marmot genus found in south-central Russia. It lives in wooded forest steppe at an altitude of 180
Discover more
Forest-steppe marmot
Turuchan pika
Turuchan pika
The Turuchan pika is a species of pika found in isolated regions in the Central Siberian Plateau. It is a small rock dwelling species that is active during the day due to the low temperature at night. It was previously thought to be a subspecies of the northern pika. Little is known about this species, but is known to be locally abundant.
Discover more
Turuchan pika
Amur lemming
Amur lemming
The Amur lemming is a species of lemmings found near the Amur River in Siberia.
Discover more
Amur lemming
Wrangel lemming
Wrangel lemming
The northern collared lemming or Nearctic collared lemming, sometimes called the Peary Land collared lemming in Canada, is a small lemming found in Arctic North America and Wrangel Island. At one time, it was considered to be a subspecies of the Arctic lemming . Some sources believe several other species of collared lemmings found in North America are actually subspecies of D. groenlandicus.
Discover more
Wrangel lemming
Wrangel Island lemming
Wrangel Island lemming
The East Siberian lemming, Eastern Siberian brown lemming, or Ognev's lemming is a species of lemming endemic to Russia, where it has a disjunct distribution throughout parts of Siberia east of the Verkhoyansk Range.
Discover more
Wrangel Island lemming
Caucasian Mountain ground squirrel
Caucasian Mountain ground squirrel
The Caucasian Mountain ground squirrel is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae. It is endemic to the North Caucasus.
Discover more
Caucasian Mountain ground squirrel
Lemming vole
Lemming vole
The lemming vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in the Russian Federation.
Discover more
Lemming vole
Lake Baikal mountain vole
Lake Baikal mountain vole
The Lake Baikal mountain vole or Olkhon mountain vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found principally on the Olkhon and Ogoi islands on Lake Baikal, in southern Siberia. While it was originally described as a species, Pavlinov and Rossolimo reassigned it as a subspecies of A. tuvinicus in 1987 before reinstating it as a species in 1998.
Discover more
Lake Baikal mountain vole
Kamchatka shrew
Kamchatka shrew
The Kamchatka shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Russia.
Discover more
Kamchatka shrew
Muisk vole
Muisk vole
The Muisk vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Russia.
Discover more
Muisk vole
Middendorf's vole
Middendorf's vole
Middendorf's vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Russia, most commonly north Siberia.
Discover more
Middendorf's vole
Evorsk vole
Evorsk vole
The Evorsk vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Russia. They are stout rodents with short ears, legs and tails. These animals live in grassy areas where they eat green vegetation such as grasses and sedges in summer, and grains, seeds, roots and bark at other times.
Discover more
Evorsk vole
Paramushir shrew
Paramushir shrew
The Paramushir shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Russia. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Paramushir shrew
Sakhalin vole
Sakhalin vole
The Sakhalin vole is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Russia.
Discover more
Sakhalin vole
Portenko's shrew
Portenko's shrew
Portenko's shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae that is endemic to Russia.
Discover more
Portenko's shrew
Obesotoma gigas
Obesotoma gigas
Obesotoma gigas is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Discover more
Obesotoma gigas
Antiplanes abyssalis
Antiplanes abyssalis
Antiplanes abyssalis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae.
Discover more
Antiplanes abyssalis
Oenopota valentina
Oenopota valentina
Oenopota valentina is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
Discover more
Oenopota valentina