Endemic Animals of Somalia








Archer's buzzard
Archer's buzzard
Archer's buzzard is a species of bird of prey that is endemic to Somalia. The bird's common name and Latin binomial commemorate the British explorer and colonial official Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer.
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Archer's buzzard
Somali hedgehog
Somali hedgehog
The Somali hedgehog is a species of mammal in the family Erinaceidae. It is endemic to Somalia and Somaliland. The Somali hedgehog is nocturnal.
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Somali hedgehog
Somali thrush
Somali thrush
The Somali thrush, also known as the Somali blackbird, is a songbird species in the family Turdidae. It is endemic to Somalia.
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Somali thrush
Somali pigeon
Somali pigeon
The Somali pigeon or Somali stock dove, is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Somalia and Somaliland. Because there has hardly been any research on the species, the health of the population is uncertain. However, it has been suggested that the species is relatively rare. The IUCN Redlist identified a possible threat to the species from the speckled pigeon .
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Somali pigeon
Warsangli linnet
Warsangli linnet
The Warsangli linnet is a species of finch in the family Fringillidae. It is found only in Somaliland. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Warsangli linnet
Somali lark
Somali lark
The Somali lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae endemic to Somalia.
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Somali lark
Ash's lark
Ash's lark
Ash's lark or Ash's bushlark, is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae endemic to Somalia.
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Ash's lark
Lesser hoopoe-lark
Lesser hoopoe-lark
The lesser hoopoe-lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae. It is endemic to Somalia where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland.
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Lesser hoopoe-lark
Somali golden-winged grosbeak
Somali golden-winged grosbeak
The Somali golden-winged grosbeak or Somali grosbeak is a finch endemic to Somaliland. It is included as a subspecies in R. socotranus by some authorities, but in recent times the three golden-winged grosbeak populations are usually considered distinct species.
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Somali golden-winged grosbeak
Obbia lark
Obbia lark
The Obbia lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae. It is found in central Somalia, where it is endemic. Its natural habitat is sub-tropical or tropical dry shrubland.
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Obbia lark
Echis hughesi
Echis hughesi
Common names: Hughes' carpet viper, Somali carpet viper, Hughes' saw-scaled viper. Echis hughesi is a species of venomous snake in the subfamily Viperinae of the family Viperidae. The species is endemic to Somalia. There are no subspecies which are currently recognized as being valid.
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Echis hughesi
Aeluroglena
Aeluroglena
Aeluroglena is a genus of snake in the family Colubridae that contains the sole species Aeluroglena cucullata. It is commonly known as the Somali snake.
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Aeluroglena
Haackgreerius
Haackgreerius
Haackgreerius is a genus of skinks. The genus Haackgreerius is endemic to coastal Somalia.
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Haackgreerius
Atractaspis leucomelas
Atractaspis leucomelas
Atractaspis leucomelas, or the Ogaden burrowing asp, is a species of venomous snake in the Atractaspididae family.
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Atractaspis leucomelas
Flat worm lizard
Flat worm lizard
The flat worm lizard is a species of reptile in the family Trogonophidae. It is found in Somalia.
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Flat worm lizard
Trachylepis ferrarai
Trachylepis ferrarai
Trachylepis ferrarai, also known commonly as Ferrara's mabuya, is a species of skink, a lizard in the family Scincidae. The species is endemic to Somalia.
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Trachylepis ferrarai
Rhinotyphlops leucocephalus
Rhinotyphlops leucocephalus
Rhinotyphlops leucocephalus is a species of snakes in the Typhlopidae family. It is endemic to Africa.
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Rhinotyphlops leucocephalus
Pseuderemias savagei
Pseuderemias savagei
Pseuderemias savagei is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Somalia.
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Pseuderemias savagei
Latastia petersiana
Latastia petersiana
Latastia petersiana, also known as Peters's long-tailed lizard, is a species of lizard endemic to Somalia.
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Latastia petersiana
Latastia cherchii
Latastia cherchii
Latastia cherchii is a species of lizard endemic to Somalia.
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Latastia cherchii
Mesalina ercolinii
Mesalina ercolinii
Mesalina ercolinii is a species of sand-dwelling lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Somalia.
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Mesalina ercolinii
Pseuderemias septemstriata
Pseuderemias septemstriata
Pseuderemias septemstriata is a species of lizard endemic to Somalia.
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Pseuderemias septemstriata
Latastia taylori
Latastia taylori
Latastia taylori, also known commonly as Taylor's long-tailed lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to Somalia.
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Latastia taylori
Coastal rock gecko
Coastal rock gecko
The coastal rock gecko is a species of lizard in the family Sphaerodactylidae. The species is endemic to Somalia.
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Coastal rock gecko
Somali elephant shrew
Somali elephant shrew
The Somali elephant shrew or Somali sengi is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.
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Somali elephant shrew
Somali golden mole
Somali golden mole
The Somali golden mole is a golden mole endemic to Somalia. In 1964, Dr. Alberto Simonetta of the University of Florence discovered the mole's jaw and ear bone fragments in a barn owl pellet in Giohar, Somalia.
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Somali golden mole
Berbera gerbil
Berbera gerbil
The Berbera gerbil is distributed mainly in Somalia, but its range may extend into Ethiopia and Djibouti. It is endemic to the Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands ecoregion.
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Berbera gerbil
Somali pygmy gerbil
Somali pygmy gerbil
The Somali pygmy gerbil is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is the only species in the genus Microdillus. It is found only in Somalia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
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Somali pygmy gerbil
Greenwood's shrew
Greenwood's shrew
The Greenwood's shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Somalia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, dry savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and arable land.
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Greenwood's shrew
Brockman's gerbil
Brockman's gerbil
Brockman's gerbil is distributed mainly in Somaliland and is only known from the type locality, Burao in central Somaliland.
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Brockman's gerbil
Fukomys ilariae
Fukomys ilariae
Fukomys ilariae, commonly known as the Somali striped mole rat, is a species of small mole rat that is endemic to Africa.
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Fukomys ilariae
Abralia fasciolata
Abralia fasciolata
Abralia fasciolata is a species of enoploteuthid cephalopod that is only known from the Gulf of Aqaba. Mature males can reach a mantle length of 27 mm, with spermatophores 3
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Abralia fasciolata
Crassispira tuckerana
Crassispira tuckerana
Crassispira tuckerana is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae.
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Crassispira tuckerana
Conasprella bozzettii
Conasprella bozzettii
Conasprella bozzettii is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella bozzettii
Turbo bozzettiana
Turbo bozzettiana
Turbo bozzettiana is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turbinidae, the turban snails.
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Turbo bozzettiana
Crassispira somalica
Crassispira somalica
Crassispira somalica is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae.
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Crassispira somalica
Conasprella lizarum
Conasprella lizarum
Conasprella lizarum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these cone snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella lizarum
Conus bondarevi
Conus bondarevi
Conus bondarevi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conus bondarevi