Endemic Animals of Taiwan








Formosan Rock Macaque
Formosan Rock Macaque
Besides humans, Formosan rock macaques are the only native primates living in Taiwan. These macaques are brown or gray in color and have moderately long tails. Like all other macaques, they have specialized pouch-like cheeks, allowing them to gather the food and eat it sometime later, in safe surroundings.
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Formosan Rock Macaque
Formosan black bear
Formosan black bear
The Formosan black bear, also known as the Taiwanese black bear or white-throated bear, is a subspecies of the Asiatic black bear. It was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1864. Formosan black bears are endemic to Taiwan. In 2001, they were voted the most representative wildlife of Taiwan in a half-year-long countrywide voting campaign. They are also the largest land animals and the only native bears in Taiwan. Because of severe exploitation ...
and habitat degradation in recent decades, populations of wild Formosan black bears have been declining. This species was listed as "endangered" under Taiwan's Wildlife Conservation Act in 1989. Their geographic distribution is restricted to remote, rugged areas at elevations of 1,000–3,500 metres .
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Formosan black bear
Taiwan blue magpie
Taiwan blue magpie
The Taiwan blue magpie, also called the Taiwan magpie, Formosan blue magpie, or the "long-tailed mountain lady", is a species of bird of the crow family. It is endemic to Taiwan.
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Taiwan blue magpie
Mikado pheasant
Mikado pheasant
The Mikado pheasant is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. Sometimes considered an unofficial national bird of Taiwan, a pair of Mikado pheasants and Yushan National Park, one of the areas it is known to inhabit, is depicted in the 1000 dollar bill of the Taiwanese dollar.
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Mikado pheasant
Swinhoe's pheasant
Swinhoe's pheasant
Swinhoe's pheasant, also known as the Taiwan blue pheasant, is a bird of the pheasant subfamily in the fowl family Phasianidae. It is endemic to Taiwan. Along with the Mikado pheasant and Taiwan blue magpie, two other Taiwan endemics, Swinhoe's pheasant is sometimes considered an unofficial national symbol for Taiwan, as it bears the colours of the national flag .
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Swinhoe's pheasant
Taiwan serow
Taiwan serow
The Taiwan serow also known as the Formosan serow, is a small bovid that is endemic to the island of Taiwan.
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Taiwan serow
Collared bush robin
Collared bush robin
The collared bush robin or Johnstone's robin is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is endemic to Taiwan, living in montane and subalpine forests. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed it as a least-concern species.
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Collared bush robin
Taiwan barbet
Taiwan barbet
The Taiwan barbet is a species of bird endemic to the country of Taiwan.
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Taiwan barbet
Taiwan yuhina
Taiwan yuhina
The Taiwan yuhina, also known as Formosan yuhina, is a small songbird endemic to the island of Taiwan.
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Taiwan yuhina
Taiwan whistling thrush
Taiwan whistling thrush
The Taiwan whistling thrush, also known as the Formosan whistling thrush, is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is endemic to Taiwan.
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Taiwan whistling thrush
Steere's liocichla
Steere's liocichla
Steere's liocichla is a bird in the family Leiothrichidae. The species was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1877.
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Steere's liocichla
Taiwan scimitar babbler
Taiwan scimitar babbler
The Taiwan scimitar babbler is a bird in the family Timaliidae, the Old World babblers. It is endemic to Taiwan. The species was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1859. It was formerly treated as a subspecies of the streak-breasted scimitar babbler. Its population is declining, but not rapidly enough for it to be considered vulnerable.
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Taiwan scimitar babbler
Taiwan bush warbler
Taiwan bush warbler
The Taiwan bush warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the family Locustellidae. It is found only in Taiwan. Its natural habitat is undergrowth and grassland 1,200–3,000 m in elevation. It was first recorded in 1917 and named as a distinct species in 2000. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed it as a least-concern species.
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Taiwan bush warbler
Taiwan fulvetta
Taiwan fulvetta
The Taiwan fulvetta is a bird species in the family Sylviidae. Like the other typical fulvettas, it was long included in the Timaliidae genus Alcippe. In addition, it was long included in F. cinereiceps as a subspecies.
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Taiwan fulvetta
Flamecrest
Flamecrest
The flamecrest or Taiwan firecrest, is a species of bird in the kinglet family, Regulidae, that is endemic to the mountains of the island of Taiwan.
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Flamecrest
Chestnut-bellied tit
Chestnut-bellied tit
The chestnut-bellied tit is a small passerine bird in the tit family Paridae that is endemic to Taiwan.
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Chestnut-bellied tit
Taiwan hwamei
Taiwan hwamei
The Taiwan hwamei is a passerine bird in the family Leiothrichidae. The species was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1859. It is endemic to the island of Taiwan. It was formerly regarded as a subspecies of the Chinese hwamei but has recently been split as a separate species. It is estimated to have diverged from the Chinese hwamei about 1.5 million years ago.
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Taiwan hwamei
Taiwan partridge
Taiwan partridge
The Taiwan partridge or Taiwan hill partridge is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae. It is found only in Taiwan, and its natural habitat is broadleaf forests. It is threatened by habitat loss, but at present is categorised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as being of least concern.
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Taiwan partridge
White-eared sibia
White-eared sibia
The white-eared sibia is a bird in the laughingthrush family Leiothrichidae. The species is sometimes placed in the monotypic genus Malacias. It was first described by Robert Swinhoe in 1864. There are no subspecies.
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White-eared sibia
Taiwan bamboo partridge
Taiwan bamboo partridge
The Taiwan bamboo partridge is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae. It is endemic to Taiwan. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the Chinese bamboo partridge.
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Taiwan bamboo partridge
Styan's bulbul
Styan's bulbul
At the East coast of Taiwan Styan's bulbul is an endemic species of bulbul found in eastern and southern Taiwan. Though common in some areas, it has been listed as a species vulnerable to extinction. Its decline has been caused by habitat destruction and hybridisation with the closely related Chinese or light-vented bulbul. The two species' ranges overlap in several areas, partly because birds of the latter species have been released for ...
Buddhist ceremonies. The species has already become extinct in Yilan County .
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Styan's bulbul
Vivid niltava
Vivid niltava
Niltava is a genus of passerine birds in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae.
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Vivid niltava
Taiwan cupwing
Taiwan cupwing
The Taiwan cupwing or Taiwan wren-babbler is a species of passerine bird in the family Pnoepygidae. The species is endemic to the island of Taiwan. It was treated for a long time as a subspecies of the scaly-breasted cupwing.
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Taiwan cupwing
Taiwan shortwing
Taiwan shortwing
The Taiwan shortwing is a species of chat. This species is now classified in the family Muscicapidae.
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Taiwan shortwing
Rufous-crowned laughingthrush
Rufous-crowned laughingthrush
The rufous-crowned laughingthrush is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is endemic to Taiwan. It was previously considered conspecific with the white-throated laughingthrush, P. albogularis.
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Rufous-crowned laughingthrush
Rusty laughingthrush
Rusty laughingthrush
The rusty laughingthrush is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is found in Taiwan. It formerly included the buffy laughingthrush of mainland China as a subspecies. Compared to the rusty laughingthrush, the buffy laughingthrush has paler grey underparts, more contrasting rufous wings, broader white tips to the tail, and distinct black lores.
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Rusty laughingthrush
Black-necklaced scimitar babbler
Black-necklaced scimitar babbler
The black-necklaced scimitar babbler is a species of bird in the family Timaliidae.
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Black-necklaced scimitar babbler
Hynobius formosanus
Hynobius formosanus
Hynobius formosanus, the Taiwan salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae, endemic to Taiwan, where it occurs in the high mountains at around 2,100 m . Its natural habitats are from open alpine habitats to shaded moist evergreen forests. Adults have a total length of 58–98 mm .
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Hynobius formosanus
Hynobius arisanensis
Hynobius arisanensis
Hynobius arisanensis, the Alishan salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae endemic to Taiwan. It occurs in the Alishan Range, the Yushan Range, and southern Central Mountain Range, where it lives at altitudes of 1,800–3,600 m above sea level. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rivers, and freshwater springs. It is usually hiding during day time.
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Hynobius arisanensis
Hynobius sonani
Hynobius sonani
Hynobius sonani, the Taichu salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae, endemic to Taiwan, where it occurs in the Central Mountain Range above 2,750 m . Its natural habitats are from open alpine habitats to shaded moist evergreen forests; it breeds in streams.
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Hynobius sonani
Rana longicrus
Rana longicrus
Rana longicrus, also known as the Taipa frog or long-legged brown frog, is a species of frog in the family Ranidae. It is distributed to northern and central Taiwan.
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Rana longicrus
Zhangixalus arvalis
Zhangixalus arvalis
Zhangixalus arvalis is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to western and southwestern Taiwan and is present in agricultural areas of Chiayi, Yunlin, and Tainan Counties. Common name farmland green treefrog has been coined for it.
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Zhangixalus arvalis
Zhangixalus aurantiventris
Zhangixalus aurantiventris
Zhangixalus aurantiventris is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to Taiwan. It is known from scattered localities across Taiwan at low to mid altitudes.
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Zhangixalus aurantiventris
Diploderma swinhonis
Diploderma swinhonis
Diploderma swinhonis, also known commonly as the Taiwan japalure, Swinhoe's japalure, Swinhoe's lizard, and Swinhoe's tree lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Agamidae. The species is native to Taiwan.. It is considered an invasive alien species in Japan after likely being transported from Taiwan by humans. A foraging ambush predator, this lizard primarily preys on arthropods and remains at the bottom of forests perched on trees where ...
sunlight is present. Diploderma swinhonis is not a major threat to humans and is able to adapt to a variety of habitats, including urban environments. Male Diploderma swinhonis are physically distinct from females, with their body sizes being much larger and having a yellow stripe. These lizards also sexually reproduce on a seasonal basis and hibernate during the winter time.
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Diploderma swinhonis
Trimeresurus gracilis
Trimeresurus gracilis
Trimeresurus gracilis, commonly known as the Taiwan pit viper or Taiwan mountain pitviper, is a venomous pit viper species endemic to Taiwan. No subspecies are currently recognized. The species is known as kikushi habu in Japanese.
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Trimeresurus gracilis
Sinomicrurus hatori
Sinomicrurus hatori
Sinomicrurus hatori, also known as Hatori's coral snake, is a venomous snake in the family Elapidae. It is endemic to Taiwan. It lives in wooded moist mountain terrain. It feeds mainly on smaller snakes, though it has also been observed eating birds and frogs.
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Sinomicrurus hatori
Sinomicrurus sauteri
Sinomicrurus sauteri
Sinomicrurus sauteri is a highly venomous species of snake in the family Elapidae. The species is endemic to Taiwan and known from southern and central Taiwan at elevations of 500
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Sinomicrurus sauteri
Achalinus niger
Achalinus niger
Achalinus niger, common name black odd-scaled snake or black burrowing snake, is a snake in family Xenodermatidae that is endemic to Taiwan.
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Achalinus niger
Takydromus formosanus
Takydromus formosanus
Takydromus formosanus, also known as the Formosa grass lizard, is a species of lizard endemic to Taiwan. Its body is about 6 cm long, and the total length reaches 22 cm. Its back is brown, with a yellow-green stripe on its side. It can be commonly found around the island, usually at elevations under 1500 m, living in grasses and shrubs. It is diurnal and eats small invertebrates. It is capable of caudal autotomy. The species was described by ...
George Albert Boulenger in 1894.
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Takydromus formosanus
Formosa slug snake
Formosa slug snake
Formosa slug snake or Taiwan slug snake, Pareas formosensis, is a species of non-venomous snake in the family Pareatidae. It is endemic to Taiwan.
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Formosa slug snake
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