Endemic Animals of Tanzania








Fischer's lovebird
Fischer's lovebird
Fischer's lovebird is a small parrot species of the genus Agapornis. They were originally discovered in the late 19th century, and were first bred in the United States in 1926. They are named after German explorer Gustav Fischer.
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Fischer's lovebird
Yellow-collared lovebird
Yellow-collared lovebird
The yellow-collared lovebird, also called masked lovebird, Black-masked lovebird or eye ring lovebird, is a monotypic species of bird of the lovebird genus in the parrot family Psittaculidae. They are native to northeast Tanzania and have been introduced to Burundi and Kenya. Although they have been observed in the wild in Puerto Rico, they are probably the result of escaped pets, and no reproduction has been recorded. They have also been ...
observed in Arizona.
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Yellow-collared lovebird
Black-throated monitor
Black-throated monitor
The black-throated monitor is a subspecies of monitor lizard in the family Varanidae. The subspecies is native to Tanzania.
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Black-throated monitor
Zanzibar servaline genet
Zanzibar servaline genet
The Zanzibar servaline genet is a recently discovered subspecies of servaline genet endemic to Unguja Island in the Tanzanian archipelago of Zanzibar. Its conservation status is uncertain.
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Zanzibar servaline genet
Lygodactylus williamsi
Lygodactylus williamsi
Lygodactylus williamsi is a critically endangered species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to a small area of Tanzania. Common names include turquoise dwarf gecko, William's dwarf gecko, and, in the pet trade, electric blue gecko. Illegal wild-caught specimens are widely sold in the pet trade, often misdescribed as captive-bred. Although L. williamsi breeds in captivity, the young require a lot of care, making ...
large-scale breeding difficult. A captive breeding project and studbook was initiated by EAZA zoos in 2013. The species L. williamsi was placed under EU Appendix B protection in December 2014, under EU Appendix A protection in January 2017, and under CITES Appendix I protection in January 2017. The gecko may not be kept or sold in the EU without documentation and permits, renewable every three years, and geckos must now be registered. Similar restrictions apply in some other jurisdictions.
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Lygodactylus williamsi
Kipunji
Kipunji
The kipunji, also known as the highland mangabey, is a species of Old World monkey that lives in the highland forests of Tanzania. The kipunji has a unique call, described as a 'honk-bark', which distinguishes it from its relatives, the grey-cheeked mangabey and the black crested mangabey, whose calls are described as 'whoop-gobbles'. The kipunji was independently discovered by researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the University ...
of Georgia, and Conservation International, in December 2003 and July 2004, making it the first new African monkey species discovered since the sun-tailed monkey in 1984. Originally assigned to the genus Lophocebus, genetic and morphological data showed that it is more closely related to the baboons than to the other mangabeys in the genus Lophocebus. Scientists subsequently assigned it to a new genus, Rungwecebus, named after Mount Rungwe, where it is found. The kipunji is the first new monkey genus to be discovered since Allen's swamp monkey in 1923. Zoologists were initially skeptical of the existence of the kipunji until its discovery, as traditional tales of the Nyakyusa people described the monkey as both real and mythical.
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Kipunji
Pemba flying fox
Pemba flying fox
The Pemba flying fox is a species of flying fox in the family Pteropodidae. It is endemic to the island of Pemba on the coast of Tanzania.
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Pemba flying fox
Udzungwa forest partridge
Udzungwa forest partridge
The Udzungwa forest partridge, also known as the Udzungwa partridge, is a small, approximately 29 centimetres long, boldly barred, brownish partridge with rufous face, grey underparts, olive-brown crown and upperparts. It has a red bill, brown iris and yellow legs. Both sexes are similar.
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Udzungwa forest partridge
Grey-breasted spurfowl
Grey-breasted spurfowl
The grey-breasted spurfowl or grey-breasted francolin is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae. It is found only in Tanzania.
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Grey-breasted spurfowl
Rubeho forest partridge
Rubeho forest partridge
The Rubeho forest partridge is a small, approximately 29 centimetres long, boldly barred, brownish partridge with rufous face, grey underparts, and olive-brown crown and upperparts. It has a red bill, brown iris, and yellow legs. Both sexes are similar.
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Rubeho forest partridge
Beesley's lark
Beesley's lark
Beesley's lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the spike-heeled lark.
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Beesley's lark
Broad-ringed white-eye
Broad-ringed white-eye
The broad-ringed white-eye or Kilimanjaro white-eye, is a bird species in the family Zosteropidae. It is found in northeast Tanzania.
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Broad-ringed white-eye
Kipengere seedeater
Kipengere seedeater
The Kipengere seedeater, also known as the Tanzania seedeater, is a species of finch in the family Fringillidae. It is found only in Tanzania. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forest and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Kipengere seedeater
Usambara hyliota
Usambara hyliota
The Usambara hyliota is a species of Hyliota. It is found only in Tanzania.
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Usambara hyliota
South Pare white-eye
South Pare white-eye
The south Pare white-eye is a bird species in the family Zosteropidae. Its range is restricted to the southern region of the Pare Mountains in northeastern Tanzania.
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South Pare white-eye
Rubeho akalat
Rubeho akalat
The Rubeho akalat is a member of the Old World flycatcher family,, known from the Eastern Arc of Tanzania. Akalats trapped in 1989 here were assumed to be an isolated population of Iringa akalat which occurs c. 150 km to the south, but further specimens collected in 2000 led to the description of the bird as a new species. The bird's English name relates to its type locality, Rubeho Mountains, Morogoro; the scientific name to the ochraceous ...
colour on its throat and upper breast.
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Rubeho akalat
Iringa akalat
Iringa akalat
The Iringa akalat is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Iringa akalat
Montane tiny greenbul
Montane tiny greenbul
The montane tiny greenbul is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is endemic to the Usambara and Nguru Mountains in Tanzania. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland.
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Montane tiny greenbul
Reichenow's batis
Reichenow's batis
Reichenow's batis is a passerine bird in the wattle-eye family, Platysteiridae occurring in southeast Tanzania in east Africa. It was formerly treated as a subspecies of the forest batis.
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Reichenow's batis
Tanzanian red-billed hornbill
Tanzanian red-billed hornbill
The Tanzanian red-billed hornbill is a species of hornbill in the family Bucerotidae. It is found in central Tanzania. All five red-billed hornbills were formerly considered conspecific.
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Tanzanian red-billed hornbill
Pemba scops owl
Pemba scops owl
The Pemba scops owl is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. It is endemic to Pemba Island which is part of and off the coast of Tanzania.
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Pemba scops owl
Pemba green pigeon
Pemba green pigeon
The Pemba green pigeon is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Pemba green pigeon
Uluguru bushshrike
Uluguru bushshrike
The Uluguru bushshrike is a species of rare bird occurring only in the Uluguru Mountains in Tanzania. It was discovered in 1926 and was known to be confined to a single site in the Uluguru North Forest Reserve of about 84 km². However, in March 2007, a team of Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania discovered its presence in the Uluguru South Forest Reserve in Morogoro Region. There are an estimated 1200 pairs remaining and the population ...
trend is stable.
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Uluguru bushshrike
Yellow-throated greenbul
Yellow-throated greenbul
The yellow-throated greenbul is a species of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is an African species found in east-central and southern Tanzania.
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Yellow-throated greenbul
Uhehe fiscal
Uhehe fiscal
The Uhehe fiscal is a bird in the family Laniidae. It is endemic to the uplands of southern and eastern Tanzania. Some taxonomic authorities treat this species as a subspecies of the southern fiscal . Despite its small population size and restricted range, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated this species as being of "least concern".
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Uhehe fiscal
Long-billed forest warbler
Long-billed forest warbler
The long-billed forest warbler, also known as the long-billed tailorbird, is a songbird of the family Cisticolidae, formerly part of the "Old World warbler" assemblage. It is found in Tanzania. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat destruction.
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Long-billed forest warbler
Usambara weaver
Usambara weaver
The Usambara weaver is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Usambara weaver
Winifred's warbler
Winifred's warbler
Winifred's warbler, also known as Mrs. Moreau's warbler, is a species of bird in the family Cisticolidae. The species was first recorded and named by the ornithologist Reginald Moreau after his wife.
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Winifred's warbler
Banded green sunbird
Banded green sunbird
The banded green sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Banded green sunbird
Kilombero weaver
Kilombero weaver
The Kilombero weaver is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Kilombero weaver
Usambara akalat
Usambara akalat
The Usambara akalat, also known as the Usambara alethe or Usambara robin-chat, is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Usambara akalat
Hofmann's sunbird
Hofmann's sunbird
Hofmann's sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to eastern Tanzania.
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Hofmann's sunbird
Pemba sunbird
Pemba sunbird
The Pemba sunbird is a species of bird in the sunbird family. It is endemic to Pemba Island, in Tanzania.
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Pemba sunbird
Moreau's sunbird
Moreau's sunbird
Moreau's sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to Tanzania where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed it as being "near-threatened".
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Moreau's sunbird
Usambara thrush
Usambara thrush
The Usambara thrush, also known as Roehl's thrush or Usambara olive thrush, is a species of thrush found in eastern Africa. Formerly, it was considered as a subspecies of the olive thrush, with which it is known to hybridize with, but is now recognised as a separate species.
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Usambara thrush
Loveridge's sunbird
Loveridge's sunbird
Loveridge's sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Loveridge's sunbird
Rufous-winged sunbird
Rufous-winged sunbird
The rufous-winged sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to Tanzania.
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Rufous-winged sunbird
Rubeho warbler
Rubeho warbler
The Rubeho warbler is a threatened species of bird in the family Cisticolidae. It is found in highland forests in the Rubeho–Ukaguru Mountains in Tanzania. This cryptic species was only described in 2009; it having traditionally been included in the closely related Winifred's warbler.
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Rubeho warbler
Uluguru greenbul
Uluguru greenbul
The Uluguru greenbul is a species of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is found in eastern Tanzania.
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Uluguru greenbul
Leptopelis vermiculatus
Leptopelis vermiculatus
Leptopelis vermiculatus, also known as the peacock tree frog, Amani forest treefrog, or vermiculated tree frog, is a species of frog found in forest areas in Tanzania. Sometimes the common name big-eyed tree frog is used, but this may also refer to another species, Leptopelis macrotis.
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Leptopelis vermiculatus
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