Endemic Animals of United Kingdom








Scottish wildcat
Scottish wildcat
The Scottish wildcat is a European wildcat population in Scotland. It is estimated to comprise between 1,000 and 4,000 individuals, of which about 400 cats are thought to meet the morphological and genetic criteria of a wildcat. The Scottish wildcat was once widely distributed across Great Britain, but the population has declined drastically since the turn of the 20th century due to habitat loss and persecution. It is now limited to northern and ...
eastern Scotland. It is listed as Critically Endangered in the United Kingdom, and is primarily threatened by hybridization with domestic cats . Camera-trapping surveys carried out in the Scottish Highlands between 2010 and 2013 revealed that wildcats live foremost in mixed woodland, whereas feral and domestic cats were photographed mostly in grasslands.
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Scottish wildcat
Scottish crossbill
Scottish crossbill
The Scottish crossbill is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It is endemic to the Caledonian Forests of Scotland, and is the only terrestrial vertebrate species endemic to the United Kingdom. The Scottish crossbill was confirmed as a unique species in August 2006, on the basis of having a distinctive bird song. The genus name Loxia is from Ancient Greek loxos, "crosswise", and scotica is Latin for Scottish". The Scottish ...
Gaelic name for a crossbill is Cam-ghob, which literally means "squinty beaked".
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Scottish crossbill
Shetland wren
Shetland wren
The Shetland wren is a small passerine bird in the wren family. It is a subspecies of the Eurasian wren endemic to the Shetland archipelago of Scotland, with the exception of Fair Isle which has its own endemic subspecies, the Fair Isle wren. The Shetland wren is distinguished by its darker and more rufous-brown colouring from the mainland form, with a heavily barred underside, the barring extending from belly to breast. The bill is stouter and ...
longer and it has stronger legs.
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Shetland wren
St Kilda wren
St Kilda wren
The St Kilda wren is a small passerine bird in the wren family. It is a distinctive subspecies of the Eurasian wren endemic to the islands of the isolated St Kilda archipelago, in the Atlantic Ocean 64 kilometres west of the Outer Hebrides, Scotland.
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St Kilda wren
Fair Isle wren
Fair Isle wren
The Fair Isle wren is a small passerine bird in the wren family. It is a subspecies of the Eurasian wren endemic to Fair Isle, Shetland, Scotland, an island about halfway between mainland Shetland and Orkney. It was first described by the British ornithologist Kenneth Williamson in 1951.
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Fair Isle wren
St Kilda house mouse
St Kilda house mouse
The St Kilda house mouse is an extinct subspecies of the house mouse found only on the islands of the St Kilda archipelago of northwest Scotland. They were first described, alongside the St Kilda field mouse, by natural historian Gerald Edwin Hamilton Barrett-Hamilton in 1899.
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St Kilda house mouse
Atrina fragilis
Atrina fragilis
Atrina fragilis, the fan mussel, is a species of large saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Pinnidae, the pen shells. The fan mussel is one of the largest European bivalve molluscs. It is one of the rarest species of marine mollusc in the United Kingdom - so rare that surveys of nearly 9,000 sites around Britain between 1987 and 1998 found none.
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Atrina fragilis
Aforia magnifica
Aforia magnifica
Aforia magnifica is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cochlespiridae.
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Aforia magnifica
Parthenina clathrata
Parthenina clathrata
Parthenina clathrata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies.
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Parthenina clathrata
Thyasira gouldi
Thyasira gouldi
Thyasira gouldi, common name the Northern hatchet-shell, is a species of saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Thyasiridae.
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Thyasira gouldi
Parthenina suturalis
Parthenina suturalis
Parthenina suturalis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies.
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Parthenina suturalis
Aforia multispiralis
Aforia multispiralis
Aforia multispiralis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cochlespiridae.
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Aforia multispiralis
Belalora striatula
Belalora striatula
Belalora striatula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Belalora striatula