Endemic Animals of Florida








Florida Mouse
Florida Mouse
Florida mice have soft and silky pelage that is brown above and orange on the cheeks, shoulders, and lower sides. Underparts are white. The young are gray. Florida mice have relatively large, nearly naked ears, a relatively short tail approximately 80% of total body length, and large hind feet. There is no difference in appearance between males and females.
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Florida Mouse
Southern Black Racer
Southern Black Racer
The Southern black racer is a very common subspecies of the Eastern racer. It's non-venomous and is found in the Southeastern United States. Adults are usually thin with a jet black dorsal side with a grey belly and white chin. Juveniles are gray in color with distinct reddish-brown blotches that fade into a solid-colored tail. These snakes are quite fast, giving rise to the name "racer".
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Southern Black Racer
Florida Scrub-Jay
Florida Scrub-Jay
The Florida scrub-jay is native to North America. It has a strong black bill, blue head, and nape without a crest, a whitish forehead, and supercilium (a stripe on the head), blue bib, blue wings, grayish underparts, gray back, long blue tail, black legs, and feet. The Florida scrub-jay is the only species of bird endemic to the U.S. state of Florida and because of this, it is heavily sought by birders who travel from across the country to ...
observe this unique species.
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Florida Scrub-Jay
Dusky seaside sparrow
Dusky seaside sparrow
The dusky seaside sparrow was a non-migratory subspecies of the seaside sparrow, found in Florida in the natural salt marshes of Merritt Island and along the St. Johns River. The last definite known individual died on Walt Disney World's Discovery Island in 1987, and the subspecies was officially declared extinct in December 1990.
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Dusky seaside sparrow
Florida black wolf
Florida black wolf
The Florida black wolf, also known as the Florida wolf and the black wolf, is an extinct subspecies of Canis lupus that was endemic to Florida. This subspecies became extinct in 1934 due to crowding out of its habitat and hunting.
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Florida black wolf
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura, the Florida redbelly snake, is a subspecies of the redbelly snake that ranges from the northern peninsula to southern Florida. they are found in pinelands, bogs, marshes, ponds, and swamps. They will grow to be 8-10 inches with the largest being 16 inches. They look similar to the ring-necked snake because of the red belly and the ring around its neck. it is distinguished from them because the Florida redbelly ...
snake has a stripe down its back and is brown while the ring-necked snake has no stripe and is gray.
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Storeria occipitomaculata obscura
Florida sand skink
Florida sand skink
The Florida sand skink is a species of lizard in the family Scincidae, the skinks. It is endemic to Florida in the United States.
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Florida sand skink
Florida red-tailed hawk
Florida red-tailed hawk
The Florida red-tailed hawk is a subspecies of red-tailed hawk. It occurs year-round in peninsular Florida north as far as Tampa Bay and the Kissimmee Prairie and south down to the Florida Keys. This subspecies is very large, only the southwestern red-tailed hawk averages larger in overall dimensions. Although a non-migratory subspecies, its wings are notably longer than those of the eastern red-tailed hawk and S. b. umbrinus may be ...
conspicuously larger than the relatively small southern S. b. borealis that they overlap with. The wing chord of males can range from 396 to 400 mm, averaging 398.8 mm, and, in females, it ranges from 373 to 432 mm, averaging 408.9 mm . Males and females average 225 and 234 mm in tail length, 91.1 and 88.9 mm in tarsal length and 27.2 and 30 mm in culmen length. Compared to B. j. borealis which it replaces, it has a darker back, more similar to the dark brown of the western red-tailed hawk . Adults tend to have chestnut to rufous side patches, multiple tail bars and no barring on the "trousers". A very rare dark morph has been reported.
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Florida red-tailed hawk
Florida grasshopper sparrow
Florida grasshopper sparrow
The Florida grasshopper sparrow is an endangered subspecies of grasshopper sparrow native to the dry prairies of south-central Florida. The Florida grasshopper sparrow is one of four subspecies of grasshopper sparrows in North America, and is perhaps the most endangered. Despite biologists' best efforts, attempts at improving the declining population have been largely unsuccessful.
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Florida grasshopper sparrow
Cape Sable seaside sparrow
Cape Sable seaside sparrow
The Cape Sable seaside sparrow is a subspecies of the seaside sparrow, a species of bird in the family Passerellidae native to the United States. This subspecies is endemic to southern Florida. It is designated endangered under the Endangered Species Act.
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Cape Sable seaside sparrow
Scott's seaside sparrow
Scott's seaside sparrow
Scott's seaside sparrow is a subspecies of the seaside sparrow. It was originally thought to be a separate species but later reconsidered as a subspecies of the seaside sparrow.
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Scott's seaside sparrow
Bluestripe ribbon snake
Bluestripe ribbon snake
The bluestripe ribbon snake, which belongs in the same family as the garter snakes, is a subspecies of the ribbon snake that occurs along the Gulf Coast in Florida. Adults are thin and are black with a mid-dorsal stripe that is a lighter shade of black and two blue stripes, hence the name "bluestripe ribbon snake". They are semi-aquatic and are active during the day. They can be found by lakes, rivers, and slow-moving streams.
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Bluestripe ribbon snake
Lampropeltis getula meansi
Lampropeltis getula meansi
The Apalachicola kingsnake is a non-venomous species of kingsnake found in a small area of the Florida panhandle known as the Apalachicola Lowlands. Long argued as to whether or not it is a subspecies, the Apalachicola kingsnake was formerly named Lampropeltis getula goini. After years of research and many more specimens examined, in 2006 it was renamed to Lampropeltis getula meansi after D. Bruce Means, in recognition of his work on this ...
subspecies.
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Lampropeltis getula meansi
Lampropeltis getula brooksi
Lampropeltis getula brooksi
Lampropeltis getula brooksi is a subspecies of non-venomous snake in the family Colubridae. L. g. brooksi is one of several subspecies of Lampropeltis getula.
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Lampropeltis getula brooksi
Cemophora coccinea coccinea
Cemophora coccinea coccinea
Cemophora coccinea coccinea, commonly known as the Florida scarlet snake, is the nominotypical subspecies of the scarlet snake. It is a nonvenomous colubrid snake that is endemic to the southeastern United States.
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Cemophora coccinea coccinea
Bothriechis nubestris
Bothriechis nubestris
Bothriechis nubestris, the Talamancan palm-pitviper, is a species of pit viper native to Costa Rica. The snake was mistaken for Bothriechis nigroviridis.
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Bothriechis nubestris
Leiocephalus carinatus armouri
Leiocephalus carinatus armouri
Leiocephalus carinatus armouri, commonly known as the Little Bahama curly-tailed lizard, is a subspecies of Leiocephalus carinatus, the northern curly-tailed lizard. It was previously endemic to the Bahama Islands.
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Leiocephalus carinatus armouri
Pallid beach mouse
Pallid beach mouse
The pallid beach mouse or Ponce de Leon beach mouse was known from two locations in Florida, Ponce Park, Volusia County and Bulow, Flagler County. No individuals have been seen since 1959. The average pallid beach mouse was 4 to 8 cm in length. This species burrowed into dunes for protection.
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Pallid beach mouse
Florida bonneted bat
Florida bonneted bat
The Florida bonneted bat or Florida mastiff bat is a species of bat in the genus Eumops, the bonneted bats or mastiff bats. Until recently, it was classified as a subspecies of Wagner's bonneted bat . It is endemic to southern Florida in the United States. This species has one of the smallest geographical distributions of any New World bat. It has been called "one of the most critically endangered mammal species in North America". It is ...
protected under the Endangered Species Act.
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Florida bonneted bat
Sylvilagus palustris hefneri
Sylvilagus palustris hefneri
Sylvilagus palustris hefneri, also known as the Lower Keys marsh rabbit, is an endangered subspecies of marsh rabbit named after Playboy founder Hugh Hefner.
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Sylvilagus palustris hefneri
Perdido Key beach mouse
Perdido Key beach mouse
The Perdido Key beach mouse is an endangered subspecies of the oldfield mouse. It is found on Perdido Key, Florida. The small white and gray mouse, weighing only 13
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Perdido Key beach mouse
Goff's pocket gopher
Goff's pocket gopher
Goff's southeastern pocket gopher was a pocket gopher endemic to Brevard County, Florida, United States. The last sightings recorded were in 1955. They burrowed and lived mostly underground eating mainly underground vegetation. Their habitat was temperate desert and sandy coastline. Due to human population growth and development of its habitat, this gopher is now extinct.
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Goff's pocket gopher
Chadwick Beach cotton mouse
Chadwick Beach cotton mouse
The Chadwick Beach cotton mouse is a presumed extinct subspecies of the cotton mouse . It was confined to a small area on the Manasota Key peninsula in Florida.
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Chadwick Beach cotton mouse
Stock's vampire bat
Stock's vampire bat
Desmodus stocki, or Stock's vampire bat, is an extinct species of vampire bat native to Pleistocene Florida, farther north than any living vampire bats. It weighed about 50% more than the common vampire bat, and was also more robust and 15-20% larger in size.
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Stock's vampire bat
Atrina rigida
Atrina rigida
Atrina rigida, commonly called the rigid pen shell, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Pinnidae.
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Atrina rigida
Codakia orbicularis
Codakia orbicularis
Codakia orbicularis, or the tiger lucine, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Lucinidae. It can be found along the Atlantic coast of North America, ranging from Florida to the West Indies.
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Codakia orbicularis
Conus anabathrum
Conus anabathrum
Conus anabathrum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all. There are three subspecies : Conus anabathrum anabathrum Crosse, 1865: alternate representation of Conus anabathrum Conus anabathrum ...
antoni Cargile, 2011: synonym of Conus burryae Clench, 1942
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Conus anabathrum
Medionidus walkeri
Medionidus walkeri
Medionidus walkeri is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.
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Medionidus walkeri
Illex oxygonius
Illex oxygonius
Illex oxygonius, commonly known as the sharptail shortfin squid, is a species of neritic squids in the family Ommastrephidae. Of the species of the genus Illex, they have the most restricted range, being found only in the western North Atlantic Ocean; from off New Jersey, south to the Straits of Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico. They are very difficult to distinguish from Illex coindetii and Illex illecebrosus, with which their geographic ...
range overlaps. The most obvious difference of I. oxygnius is their sharper fin angles of 25
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Illex oxygonius
Conus ziczac
Conus ziczac
Conus ziczac is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of ""stinging"" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all. Subspecies Conus ziczac archetypus Crosse, 1865 Conus ziczac ziczac Mühlfeld, 1816: synonym of Conus ziczac Mühlfeld, 1816
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Conus ziczac
Inodrillia avira
Inodrillia avira
Inodrillia avira is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Horaiclavidae. It was previously included within the family Turridae.
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Inodrillia avira
Felimare juliae
Felimare juliae
Felimare juliae is a species of sea slug or dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Chromodorididae.
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Felimare juliae
Stenodrillia horrenda
Stenodrillia horrenda
Stenodrillia horrenda is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Drilliidae.
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Stenodrillia horrenda
Conasprella fluviamaris
Conasprella fluviamaris
Conasprella fluviamaris is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these cone snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella fluviamaris
Pyrgocythara filosa
Pyrgocythara filosa
Pyrgocythara filosa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Pyrgocythara filosa
Crassispira calligona
Crassispira calligona
Crassispira calligona is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae, the turrids and allies.
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Crassispira calligona
Crassispira meunieri
Crassispira meunieri
Crassispira meunieri is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae, the turrids and allies.
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Crassispira meunieri
Kurtziella dorvilliae
Kurtziella dorvilliae
Kurtziella dorvilliae, common name Dorvill's mangelia, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Mangeliidae.
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Kurtziella dorvilliae
Conasprella pfluegeri
Conasprella pfluegeri
Conasprella pfluegeri is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these cone snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella pfluegeri
Conasprella stearnsii
Conasprella stearnsii
Conasprella stearnsii, common name Stearn's cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conasprella, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conasprella stearnsii
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