Endemic Animals of French Guiana








Cayenne nightjar
Cayenne nightjar
The Cayenne nightjar is a species of bird in the nightjar family only known from a single specimen, a male taken on the Fleuve Mana, French Guiana, in 1917. However, a possible female was caught at the Saül airstrip, French Guiana, in 1982.
Discover more
Cayenne nightjar
Microcaecilia unicolor
Microcaecilia unicolor
Microcaecilia unicolor is a species of amphibian in the family Siphonopidae. It is endemic to French Guiana. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, plantations, rural gardens, urban areas, and heavily degraded former forest.
Discover more
Microcaecilia unicolor
Atelopus franciscus
Atelopus franciscus
Atelopus franciscus, the Central Coast stubfoot toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae, endemic to the central coastal region of French Guiana. It is a locally common, diurnal species found near fast-flowing small streams and creeks in lowland rainforest. Many authors have suggested this taxon might be a synonym of Atelopus flavescens. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Atelopus franciscus
Cayenne stubfoot toad
Cayenne stubfoot toad
The Cayenne stubfoot toad, known in French as atélope jaunâtre, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae found in northeastern French Guiana and in the adjacent Brazilian state Amapá. Its natural habitats are lowland primary forest where it is known from near fast-flowing, small streams. It is locally common. There are no major threats at present.
Discover more
Cayenne stubfoot toad
Oscaecilia zweifeli
Oscaecilia zweifeli
Oscaecilia zweifeli is a species of caecilian in the family Caeciliidae. It is a poorly known species only known from few specimens: the holotype from the imprecise type locality, "a small creek tributary to Río Mazaruni" in Guyana, one from similarly imprecise Cayenne in French Guiana, and another one from the Nouragues research station in French Guiana. The specific name zweifeli honors Richard G. Zweifel, an American herpetologist. Common ...
names Zweifel's caecilian and tributary caecilian have been coined for it.
Discover more
Oscaecilia zweifeli
New River tree frog
New River tree frog
The New River tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and possibly Brazil. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
Discover more
New River tree frog
Dendropsophus gaucheri
Dendropsophus gaucheri
Dendropsophus gaucheri is a species of frogs in the family Hylidae.
Discover more
Dendropsophus gaucheri
Anomaloglossus degranvillei
Anomaloglossus degranvillei
Anomaloglossus degranvillei is a species of frog in the family Aromobatidae. It is known from French Guiana but is likely to occur also in Suriname and Brazil, and possibly in Guyana. It is named in honour of Jean-Jacques de Granville, a botanist from French Guiana.
Discover more
Anomaloglossus degranvillei
Amapa tree frog
Amapa tree frog
The Amapa tree frog is a species of frog in the family Hylidae found in northern Brazil in the Amapá state, French Guiana, and southeastern Suriname. It belongs to the Boana albopunctata species group.
Discover more
Amapa tree frog
Scinax jolyi
Scinax jolyi
Scinax jolyi is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to French Guiana. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and swamps.
Discover more
Scinax jolyi
Cnemidophorus pseudolemniscatus
Cnemidophorus pseudolemniscatus
Cnemidophorus pseudolemniscatus, Colee's racerunner, is a species of teiid lizard found in Suriname and French Guiana.
Discover more
Cnemidophorus pseudolemniscatus
Four-toed amapasaurus
Four-toed amapasaurus
The four-toed amapasaurus is a lizard that was discovered in 1970 by Osvaldo Rodrigues da Cunha. It is the only species in the genus Amapasaurus.
Discover more
Four-toed amapasaurus
Oyapock's fish-eating rat
Oyapock's fish-eating rat
Oyapock's fish-eating rat is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found in French Guiana and Brazil.
Discover more
Oyapock's fish-eating rat
Sinnamary brush-tailed rat
Sinnamary brush-tailed rat
The Sinnamary brush-tailed rat, is a species of rodent in the family Echimyidae. It is found in French Guiana, Guyana, and possibly Suriname. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Discover more
Sinnamary brush-tailed rat
Calliostoma fernandezi
Calliostoma fernandezi
Calliostoma fernandezi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Calliostomatidae.
Discover more
Calliostoma fernandezi