Endemic Animals of Georgia








Ursus etruscus
Ursus etruscus (the Etruscan bear) is an extinct species of bear, endemic to Europe, Asia and North Africa during the Pliocene through Pleistocene, living from ~5.3 million to 100,000 years ago.
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Ursus etruscus
Caspian red deer
The Caspian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral ), is one of the easternmost subspecies of red deer that is native to areas between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea such as Crimea, Asia Minor, the Caucasus Mountains region bordering Europe and Asia, and along the Caspian Sea region in Iran. The Caspian red deer is sometimes referred to as maral, noble deer, or eastern red deer.
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Caspian red deer
South Georgia pintail
The South Georgia pintail (Anas georgica georgica ), also misleadingly known as the South Georgian teal, is the nominate subspecies of the yellow-billed pintail (Anas georgica ), a duck in the dabbling duck subfamily Anatinae. It is endemic to the large (3,756 km2) subantarctic island of South Georgia and its accompanying archipelago, and is a vagrant to the South Sandwich Islands. It was among the birds noted by James Cook in January 1775, on ...
the occasion of the first recorded landing on South Georgia, and was formerly considered a full species.
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South Georgia pintail
South Georgia shag
The South Georgia shag (Leucocarbo georgianus ), also known as the South Georgia cormorant, is a marine cormorant native to South Georgia and a few other subantarctic islands in the South Atlantic Ocean.
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South Georgia shag
Pelecanoides miokuaka
Pelecanoides miokuaka is an extinct species of diving petrel of New Zealand. Described in 2007, it is known only from a single humerus bone that was discovered from early Miocene sediments of the Manuherikia Group.
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Pelecanoides miokuaka
Elliptio nigella
Elliptio nigella, the winged spike or recovery pearly mussel, is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.This species is endemic to the United States. It was thought to be extinct, but was rediscovered in 2010. It is not known if the rediscovered population is viable.
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Elliptio nigella
Medionidus parvulus
Medionidus parvulus, the Coosa moccasinshell, is a rare species of freshwater mussel in the family Unionidae, the river mussels. This aquatic bivalve mollusk is native to Georgia and Tennessee in the United States, and has been extirpated from the state of Alabama. It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States.This mussel is up to 4 centimeters long or occasionally larger and has a thin, fragile, dark brown or yellow-brown ...
shell. The nacre of the shell is blue, sometimes with pink areas.This mussel is native to the Mobile River drainage, where it was once sporadic but widespread. This species is rare except in Polk County, Tennessee, where it is locally common in the Conasauga River. It can also be found in the tributary Holly Creek, which extends into Georgia. It is in severe decline, having been extirpated from much of the Coosa River system and all of the waterways in Alabama where it once occurred.
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Medionidus parvulus
Pleurotomella imitator
Pleurotomella imitator is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Pleurotomella imitator
Clathrodrillia inimica
Clathrodrillia inimica is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Drilliidae.
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Clathrodrillia inimica
Mangelia subcircularis
Mangelia subcircularis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Mangelia subcircularis
Altamaha arcmussel
The Altamaha arcmussel (Alasmidonta arcula ) is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve in the family Unionidae.It is an endangered species.
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Altamaha arcmussel
Elliptio spinosa
Elliptio spinosa, the Altamaha spinymussel, is an endangered species of freshwater mussel in the family Unionidae. They live in southeastern Georgia in the Altamaha river and its tributaries. It is one of three species of North American spinymussels which are recognizable by their prominent spines. The Altamaha spinymussel genetically diverged from the other spinymussels 3.76 million years ago. This suggests that their spines evolved separately ...
from the spines of other North American spinymussels. The Altamaha spinymussel is on the Endangered Species Act because of many threats with the most prominent threats being habitat loss, decrease in water quality, shrinking range, small population size, and vulnerability to disturbances.
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Elliptio spinosa
Euchelus eucastus
Euchelus eucastus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chilodontidae.
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Euchelus eucastus
Solariella crossata
Solariella crossata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Solariellidae.
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Solariella crossata
Elliptio hopetonensis
Elliptio hopetonensis is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.This species is endemic to the United States.
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Elliptio hopetonensis
Pyganodon gibbosa
Pyganodon gibbosa is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.This species is endemic to the Altamaha River basin in Georgia of the United States.
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Pyganodon gibbosa
Calliostoma stirophorum
Calliostoma stirophorum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Calliostomatidae.
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Calliostoma stirophorum
Mitromorpha biplicata
Mitromorpha biplicata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mitromorphidae.
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Mitromorpha biplicata
Pleurotomella bureaui
Pleurotomella bureaui is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Pleurotomella bureaui
Daphnella grundifera
Daphnella grundifera is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Daphnella grundifera
Mitromorpha grammatula
Mitromorpha grammatula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mitromorphidae.
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Mitromorpha grammatula
Belaturricula turrita
Belaturricula turrita is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Borsoniidae.There are two subspecies :Belaturricula turrita multispiralis Dell, 1990Belaturricula turrita turrita (Strebel, 1908): represented as Belaturricula turrita (Strebel, 1908)
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Belaturricula turrita
Calliostoma kampsa
Calliostoma kampsa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Calliostomatidae.
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Calliostoma kampsa
Brookula lamonti
Brookula lamonti is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk, unassigned in the superfamily Seguenzioidea.
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Brookula lamonti
Falsimohnia fulvicans
Falsimohnia fulvicans is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Buccinidae.
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Falsimohnia fulvicans
Georgia pigtoe
The Georgia pigtoe (Pleurobema hanleyianum ) is a rare species of freshwater mussel in the family Unionidae. It is native to Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee in the United States, where it has been extirpated from most of its historical range. It was declared extinct by the IUCN, but a few living individuals were discovered persisting in the Conasauga River in Georgia and Tennessee. It was federally listed as an endangered species in 2010.
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Georgia pigtoe
Famelica monoceros
Famelica monoceros is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Famelica monoceros
Hadroconus watsoni
Hadroconus watsoni is a species of extremely small deep water sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Seguenziidae.
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Hadroconus watsoni
Teretia megalembryon
Teretia megalembryon is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Teretia megalembryon
Pleurotomella innocentia
Pleurotomella innocentia is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.This species is considered by Kantor, Yuri I., and M. G. Harasewych (2013) as a synonym of Falsimohnia minor Strebel, 1908.
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Pleurotomella innocentia
Turbonilla idothea
Turbonilla idothea is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies.
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Turbonilla idothea
Puncturella larva
Puncturella larva is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Fissurellidae, the keyhole limpets and slit limpets.
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Puncturella larva
Lissospira depressa
Lissospira depressa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Skeneidae.
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Lissospira depressa
Margarella jason
Margarella jason is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Calliostomatidae.
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Margarella jason
Margarella subantarctica
Margarella subantarctica is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Calliostomatidae.
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Margarella subantarctica
Cyclostrema crassiolatum
Cyclostrema crassiolatum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Liotiidae.
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Cyclostrema crassiolatum