Endemic Animals of Hawaii








Hawaiian Hawk
Hawaiian Hawk
Hawaiian hawks are graceful birds of prey native to Hawai'i. They exist in two color phases: a dark phase (dark brown head, breast, and underwings), and a light color phase (dark head, light breast and light underwings). Feet and legs are yellowish in adults and greenish in juveniles. During breeding season one of the pair, possibly the female, has a distinctive yellow forecap area just above the upper mandible.
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Hawaiian Hawk
Hawaiian Monk Seal
Hawaiian Monk Seal
The Hawaiian monk seal is an endangered species of earless seal that is native to the Hawaiian Islands. It is named so for its characteristic lack of external ears and inability to rotate its hind flippers under the body. The Hawaiian monk seal has a relatively small, flat head with large black eyes, eight pairs of teeth, and a short snout with the nostrils on top and vibrissae on each side. The nostrils are small vertical slits which close when ...
the seal dives underwater. Additionally, its slender, torpedo-shaped body and hind flippers allow the animal to be a very agile swimmer.
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Hawaiian Monk Seal
Pueo
Pueo
The pueo is a subspecies of the short-eared owl and is endemic to Hawaii. The pueo is one of the more famous of the various physical forms assumed by ʻaumākua in Hawaiian culture. Pueo inhabit forests and grasslands throughout the islands of Hawaiʻi, although their numbers seem to be declining, particularly in the last two decades, and especially on the island of Oʻahu, upon which they were at one time numerous. Pueo is listed by the state of ...
Hawaiʻi as an endangered species on the island of Oʻahu.
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Pueo
Spanish dancer
Spanish dancer
The Spanish dancer, scientific name Hexabranchus sanguineus, is a dorid nudibranch, a very large and colorful sea slug, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Hexabranchidae.
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Spanish dancer
Hawaiian stilt
Hawaiian stilt
The Hawaiian stilt is an endangered Hawaiian subspecies of the black-necked stilt species. It is a long-legged, slender shorebird with a long, thin beak. Other common names include the Hawaiian black-necked stilt, the aeʻo, the kukuluaeʻo, or it may be referred to as the Hawaiian subspecies of the black-necked stilt.
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Hawaiian stilt
Hawaiian gallinule
Hawaiian gallinule
The Hawaiian gallinule is an endangered chicken-sized water bird in the rail family. It is also variously known as the Hawaiian common gallinule, Hawaiian moorhen, Hawaiian common moorhen, mudhen, or `alae `ula in Hawaiian, and sometimes misleadingly as the Hawaiian red coot. It is a subspecies of the common gallinule that is endemic to the tropical Hawaiian Islands of the north-central Pacific Ocean. It is dependent on freshwater wetland ...
habitats with dense emergent vegetation for nesting. Once found on most of the main islands of the Hawaiian archipelago, it has undergone a major population and range decline and is now a resident breeder only on Kaua'i and O'ahu. Causes of the decline were mainly loss of habitat, hunting and predation by introduced animals, with numbers subsequently stabilised at a low level through legal protection and conservation management. Despite being hunted for food, it was mythologised as the keeper of fire in Hawaiian religion.
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Hawaiian gallinule
Highland finch
Highland finch
The highland finch is an extinct member of the Fringillidae and a Hawaiian honeycreeper which is known only from a few bones found in caves. It is the only member of the genus Orthiospiza. It was endemic to the high-elevation areas of Mount Haleakalā on the Hawaiian island of Maui. It has been speculated that they were pushed to extinction because of habitat loss. It is known only from fossil remains and likely became extinct before the first ...
Europeans arrived in 1778.
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Highland finch
Hawaiʻi creeper
Hawaiʻi creeper
The Hawaiʻi creeper, Hawaii creeper or ʻalawī is a species of Hawaiian honeycreeper endemic to the Big Island of Hawaiʻi. Its natural habitats are dry forests and montane moist forests at elevations of 1,000–2,300 metres . There are a total of 12,000 birds separated into three populations. A fourth population on the western part of the island probably represents migratory birds from one of the existing population. The Hawaiʻi cre ...
eper measures 4.5 inches and has drab green plumage. In 2017 the traditional Hawaiian name was rediscovered as 'alawi'.
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Hawaiʻi creeper
High-billed crow
High-billed crow
The high-billed crow or deep-billed crow was a species of large, raven-sized crow that was endemic to the island of Maui in the Hawaiian Islands. It was pushed to extinction due to the arrival of people and pests like rats.
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High-billed crow
Kauaʻi finch
Kauaʻi finch
The Kauai finch is an extinct bird in the genus Telespiza of the family Fringillidae. It was endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Oahu. It is only known from fossil remains and likely became extinct before the first Europeans visited Hawaii in 1778.
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Kauaʻi finch
Maui Nui finch
Maui Nui finch
The Maui Nui finch is an extinct member of the genus Telespiza in the family Fringillidae. It was endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Molokai and Maui. It is only known from fossil remains and likely became extinct before the first Europeans visited Hawaii in 1778.
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Maui Nui finch
Oʻahu petrel
Oʻahu petrel
The Oʻahu petrel is an extinct species of very small gadfly petrel known only from subfossil material found in the Hawaiian Islands. The specific epithet comes from the Latin jugabilis, meaning “that which may be joined”, with reference to the unusual, nearly conjoined, supraorbital salt gland depressions on the cranium. It has no obvious close relatives among living species of Pterodroma.
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Oʻahu petrel
Phyllodesmium poindimiei
Phyllodesmium poindimiei
Phyllodesmium poindimiei is an Alcyonacea feeding, aeolid nudibranch Gastropod belonging to the family Facelinidae. Cerata are important in this clade in terms of their physical defense and efficient metabolic processes. This species is spread sporadically along tropical coastal regions such as Australia, Hawaii, and the Indo-Pacific living in diverse marine habitats such as coral reefs. Unlike other species in the Opisthobranch Mollusca clade, ...
P. poindimiei
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Phyllodesmium poindimiei
Magnoteuthis microlucens
Magnoteuthis microlucens
Magnoteuthis microlucens is a species of squid; the most common species of Mastigoteuthis around the main Hawaiian Islands.
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Magnoteuthis microlucens
Harpa davidis
Harpa davidis
Harpa davidis, common name the Madras harp or David harp, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Harpidae, the harp snails.
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Harpa davidis
Ceratosoma tenue
Ceratosoma tenue
Ceratosoma tenue is a species of colourful dorid nudibranch, a sea slug, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae.
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Ceratosoma tenue
Conus kahiko
Conus kahiko
Conus kahiko is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails, cone shells or cones.
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Conus kahiko
Ardeadoris scottjohnsoni
Ardeadoris scottjohnsoni
Ardeadoris scottjohnsoni is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae.
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Ardeadoris scottjohnsoni
Hypselodoris imperialis
Hypselodoris imperialis
Hypselodoris imperialis is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae.
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Hypselodoris imperialis
Goniobranchus albopustulosus
Goniobranchus albopustulosus
Goniobranchus albopustulosus is a species of colourful sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Chromodorididae.
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Goniobranchus albopustulosus
Spergo glandiniformis
Spergo glandiniformis
Spergo glandiniformis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Spergo glandiniformis
Conus martensi
Conus martensi
Conus martensi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conus martensi
Goniobranchus vibratus
Goniobranchus vibratus
Goniobranchus vibratus, common name trembling nudibranch, is a species of colourful sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Chromodorididae.
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Goniobranchus vibratus
Conus nanus
Conus nanus
Conus nanus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. These snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.
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Conus nanus
Carinapex papillosa
Carinapex papillosa
Carinapex papillosa is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Horaiclavidae. It was previously included within the family Turridae.
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Carinapex papillosa
Thorunna kahuna
Thorunna kahuna
Thorunna kahuna is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae.
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Thorunna kahuna
Goniobranchus petechialis
Goniobranchus petechialis
Goniobranchus petechialis is a species of colorful sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chromodorididae.
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Goniobranchus petechialis
Mitromorpha salisburyi
Mitromorpha salisburyi
Mitromorpha salisburyi is a species of sea snail; a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mitromorphidae.
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Mitromorpha salisburyi
Kermia bifasciata
Kermia bifasciata
Kermia bifasciata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. It was assigned to Kermia by Kay, 1979
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Kermia bifasciata
Thatcheriasyrinx orientis
Thatcheriasyrinx orientis
Thatcheriasyrinx orientis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. Subspecies Thatcheriasyrinx orientis kawamurai
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Thatcheriasyrinx orientis
Punctoterebra plumbea
Punctoterebra plumbea
Punctoterebra plumbea, common name : the lead-coloured auger, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Terebridae, the auger snails.
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Punctoterebra plumbea
Eucyclotoma albomacula
Eucyclotoma albomacula
Eucyclotoma albomacula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae.
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Eucyclotoma albomacula
Anatoma pseudoequatoria
Anatoma pseudoequatoria
Anatoma pseudoequatoria is a species of minute sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk or micromollusk in the family Anatomidae.
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Anatoma pseudoequatoria
Baeolidia scottjohnsoni
Baeolidia scottjohnsoni
Baeolidia scottjohnsoni, is a species of sea slug, an aeolid nudibranch. It is a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Aeolidiidae found in the Marshall Islands and Hawaii, United States.
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Baeolidia scottjohnsoni
Astralium confragosum
Astralium confragosum
Astralium confragosum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turbinidae, the turban snails.
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Astralium confragosum
Brookula iki
Brookula iki
Brookula iki is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk, unassigned in the superfamily Seguenzioidea.
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Brookula iki
Comitas oahuensis
Comitas oahuensis
Comitas oahuensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Pseudomelatomidae.
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Comitas oahuensis
Carinapex mooreorum
Carinapex mooreorum
Carinapex mooreorum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Horaiclavidae.
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Carinapex mooreorum