Endemic Animals of Jawa








Silvery Gibbon
Silvery Gibbon
Silvery gibbons are some of the ‘lesser apes’, which differ from great apes (gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans and humans) by being pair-bonded and smaller, in not building nests, and in some anatomical features where superficially they are closer in appearance to monkeys than great apes. These gibbons have sliver-gray fur which is long and fluffy, and have darker markings on the cap and chest. They have long legs and long arms that have long fin ...
gers with reduced thumbs, which are all adaptations for swinging from branch to branch, arm over arm).
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Silvery Gibbon
Javan hawk-eagle
Javan hawk-eagle
The Javan hawk-eagle is a medium-sized, approximately 60 cm long, dark brown raptor in the family Accipitridae. Its head and neck are rufous and it is heavily barred black below. This majestic and intricately patterned eagle has a long, black crest on its head; this crest is held almost vertically and is tipped with white. The crown is black, topping a chestnut head and nape. The back and wings are dark brown, fading to a lighter brown tail ...
which has wide cream stripes. The throat is creamy white with a black stripe, running to the whitish breast and underparts, which are heavily barred with chestnut. Juvenile birds are similar in colour, but have plainer underparts and a duller head. The sexes are similar.
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Javan hawk-eagle
Javan slow loris
Javan slow loris
The Javan slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to the western and central portions of the island of Java, in Indonesia. Although originally described as a separate species, it was considered a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris for many years, until reassessments of its morphology and genetics in the 2000s resulted in its promotion to full species status. It is most closely related to the Sunda slow loris and ...
the Bengal slow loris . The species has two forms, based on hair length and, to a lesser extent, coloration. Its forehead has a prominent white diamond pattern, which consists of a distinct stripe that runs over its head and forks towards the eyes and ears. The Javan slow loris weighs between 565 and 687 g and has a head-body length of about 293 mm . Like all lorises, it is arboreal and moves slowly across vines and lianas instead of jumping from tree to tree. Its habitat includes primary and secondary forests, but it can also be found in bamboo and mangrove forests, and on chocolate plantations. Its diet typically consists of fruit, tree gum, lizards, and eggs. It sleeps on exposed branches, sometimes in groups, and is usually seen alone or in pairs. The Javan slow loris population is in sharp decline because of poaching for the exotic pet trade, and sometimes for traditional medicine. Remaining populations have low densities, and habitat loss is a major threat. For these reasons, the International Union for Conservation of Nature lists its status as critically endangered, and it has also been included on the 2008–2010 list of "The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates". It is protected by Indonesian law and, since June 2007, is listed under CITES Appendix I. Despite these protections, as well as its presence in several protected areas, poaching continues; the wildlife protection laws are rarely enforced at the local level.
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Javan slow loris
Javan warty pig
Javan warty pig
The Javan warty pig, also called Javan pig, is an even-toed ungulate in the family Suidae. It is endemic to the Indonesian islands Java and Bawean, and is considered extinct on Madura. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1996.
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Javan warty pig
Bawean deer
Bawean deer
The Bawean deer, also known as Kuhl's hog deer or Bawean hog deer, is a highly threatened species of deer endemic to the island of Bawean in Indonesia. Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size and limited range, the Bawean deer is evaluated as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES. It has few natural enemies except for birds of prey and large snakes such as pythons.
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Bawean deer
Javan green magpie
Javan green magpie
The Javan green magpie is a passerine bird in the crow family, Corvidae. This critically endangered species is endemic to montane forests on the Indonesian island of Java. It formerly included the Bornean green magpie as a subspecies, in which case the "combined" species was known as the short-tailed magpie. The bright green plumage is the result of the yellow pigment lutein, which they gain from their insect diet. They also feed on small ...
lizards and frogs. Initially juveniles are bluish, but they become green after their first moult. In captivity, adults turn bluish if their diet is inadequate.
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Javan green magpie
Elephas celebensis
Elephas celebensis
Elephas celebensis or the Sulawesi dwarf elephant is an extinct species of elephant.
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Elephas celebensis
Grey-breasted partridge
Grey-breasted partridge
The grey-breasted partridge, also known as the white-faced hill partridge, or Horsfield's hill partridge, is a bird species in the family Phasianidae.
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Grey-breasted partridge
Javan cochoa
Javan cochoa
The Javan cochoa is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is endemic to Indonesia.
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Javan cochoa
Black-winged starling
Black-winged starling
The black-winged starling is a species of starling in the family Sturnidae. The species is also known as the black-winged myna or the white-breasted starling. It is endemic to Indonesia. There are three recognised subspecies: the nominate race, which occurs across much of the island of Java; tricolor, which is restricted to south east Java; and tertius, which is found on Bali and possibly Lombok. The validity of the records on Lombok has been ...
called into question, as there are only a few records and those may represent escapees from the caged-bird trade or natural vagrants. The species has often been assigned to the starling genus Sturnus, but is now placed in Acridotheres because it is behaviourally and vocally closer to the birds in that genus.
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Black-winged starling
Blue-banded kingfisher
Blue-banded kingfisher
The blue-banded kingfisher, is a species of kingfisher in the subfamily Alcedininae. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and rivers.
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Blue-banded kingfisher
Javan scops owl
Javan scops owl
The Javan scops owl is a rare owl native to Indonesia. There are no subspecies except for the nominate.
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Javan scops owl
Volcano swiftlet
Volcano swiftlet
The volcano swiftlet is a species of bird in the family Apodidae formerly considered conspecific with the Himalayan swiftlet . It is endemic to several sites in western Java in Indonesia.
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Volcano swiftlet
White-breasted babbler
White-breasted babbler
The white-breasted babbler is a species of bird in the family Timaliidae. It is endemic to the island of Java in Indonesia. Most records are from West Java.
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White-breasted babbler
Bleeding toad
Bleeding toad
The bleeding toad, fire toad, or Indonesia tree toad is a species of "true toad", family Bufonidae, endemic to Java, Indonesia. Leptophryne javanica was included in this species prior its description as a distinct species in 2018, although the degree of differentiation between these species is low. Bleeding toad is listed as a critically endangered species due to a drastic population decline. The reasons of this decline are unclear, but the ...
decline is consistent with chytridiomycosis, despite ambiguous identification.
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Bleeding toad
Megophrys montana
Megophrys montana
Megophrys montana is a species of frog found in Java and possibly Sumatra.
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Megophrys montana
Ichthyophis hypocyaneus
Ichthyophis hypocyaneus
Ichthyophis hypocyaneus, the bantam caecilian, is a species of amphibian in the family Ichthyophiidae of caecilians, endemic to Indonesia. Until its rediscovery in 2000, it was known only from the 1827 type specimen.
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Ichthyophis hypocyaneus
Nyctixalus margaritifer
Nyctixalus margaritifer
Nyctixalus margaritifer is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to Java, Indonesia, where it is found in Mount Halimun Salak National Park and Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park.
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Nyctixalus margaritifer
Oligodon bitorquatus
Oligodon bitorquatus
Oligodon bitorquatus is a species of snake of the family Colubridae.
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Oligodon bitorquatus
Javan surili
Javan surili
The Javan surili is an endangered species of Old World monkey endemic to the western half of Java, Indonesia, a biodiversity hotspot. Other common names by which it is known by include gray, grizzled or Sunda Island surili; grizzled or stripe-crested langur; Javan grizzled langur; grizzled, Java or Javan leaf monkey; langur gris. There are two subspecies of the Javan surili: Presbytis comata comata - Occurs in western Java Presbytis comata ...
fredericae - Occurs in central Java This colobine species has a sacculated stomach to assist the breakdown in the cellulose from the leaves it feeds on. It has a small, slender face and tail, and large round stomachs. Its coloring ranges from dark gray to white. Leaf monkeys tend to be active during the day, spending up to 5 hours grooming themselves.
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Javan surili
Elephas hysudrindicus
Elephas hysudrindicus
Elephas hysudrindicus, commonly known as Gajah Blora in Indonesia is a species of extinct elephant of the Pleistocene of Java and is anatomically distinct from the extant Asian elephant .
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Elephas hysudrindicus
Arrow flying squirrel
Arrow flying squirrel
The arrow flying squirrel is a species of flying squirrel. It is endemic to Java and Bangka, Indonesia. The population is unknown as it has only been collected from a few localities. It is nocturnal and arboreal and may be found in primary and secondary forest. It is threatened by forest loss due to logging and agriculture and there are no known conservation actions.
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Arrow flying squirrel
Bartel's flying squirrel
Bartel's flying squirrel
The Bartel's flying squirrel is a rodent species in the family Sciuridae endemic to West Java, Indonesia. It inhabits subtropical and tropical forest.
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Bartel's flying squirrel
Javan slit-faced bat
Javan slit-faced bat
The Javan slit-faced bat is a species of slit-faced bats found on the Kangean Islands of Indonesia and Nusa Penida, Java. This species is also located in West Timor. This species' population is decreasing.
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Javan slit-faced bat
Thick-tailed shrew
Thick-tailed shrew
The thick-tailed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found on the islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia.
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Thick-tailed shrew
Pungent pipistrelle
Pungent pipistrelle
The pungent pipistrelle is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Indonesia and possibly the Philippines.
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Pungent pipistrelle
Sorensen's leaf-nosed bat
Sorensen's leaf-nosed bat
Sorensen's leaf-nosed bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae that is endemic to Indonesia.
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Sorensen's leaf-nosed bat
Javan ghost shrew
Javan ghost shrew
The Javan ghost shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Java where it is known only from Mount Gede and can be found from the type locality at 1,611 and 1,950 m elevation on Mt. Gede. Its natural habitat is tropical montane rainforest. It has a restricted range and is threatened by habitat loss. It was first described as a new species to science in 2016 and the authors recommended the name 'Javan ghost shrew' as ...
its English common name."Relative to other Javan shrews, the new species is small with a relatively thick, dark brown, medium-length tail".
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Javan ghost shrew
Sepiella ocellata
Sepiella ocellata
Sepiella ocellata is a species of cuttlefish known only from the type locality off Java. The depth range of this species is unknown. Only a single male specimen has been recorded. The status of S. ocellata is questionable.
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Sepiella ocellata
Chromodoris lineolata
Chromodoris lineolata
Chromodoris lineolata is a species of colourful sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Chromodorididae.
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Chromodoris lineolata
Amphidromus javanicus
Amphidromus javanicus
Amphidromus javanicus is a species of large-sized air-breathing tree snail, an arboreal gastropod mollusk in the family Camaenidae.
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Amphidromus javanicus
Ithycythara septemcostata
Ithycythara septemcostata
Ithycythara septemcostata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Ithycythara septemcostata
Mangelia boschi
Mangelia boschi
Mangelia boschi is an extinct species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.
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Mangelia boschi