Endemic Animals of Nansei-shoto








Iriomote Cat
Iriomote Cat
The Iriomote cat lives only on the island of Iriomote, off Japan. A subspecies of the leopard cat, it is viewed by many biologists as a "living fossil," being not much changed from its primitive form. First described by Dr. Imaizumi of Tokyo’s National Science Museum in 1967, this wild cat is about the size of a domestic cat, and has the characteristic elongated body, low-slung build and short legs of a predator that forages in thick u ...
ndergrowth. These animals in the wild live for 7-8 years, and 8-9 in captivity, with the longest lifespan known in captivity to be 15 years.
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Iriomote Cat
Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle
Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle
The Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle or Ryukyu leaf turtle, Geoemyda japonica, is a species of turtles in the family Geoemydidae endemic to the Ryukyu Islands in Japan. In 1975, the species was designated a National Natural Monument of Japan. It grows to about 5
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Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle
Iwasaki's snail-eater
Iwasaki's snail-eater
Iwasaki's snail-eater, Pareas iwasakii, is a species of snake in the family Pareidae. The species is endemic to the Yaeyama Islands in the southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan.
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Iwasaki's snail-eater
Kuroiwa's ground gecko
Kuroiwa's ground gecko
Kuroiwa's ground gecko, Kuroiwa's leopard gecko, Kuroiwa's eyelid gecko, Ryuku eyelid gecko, Okinawan ground gecko, or Tokashiki gecko, is a species of lizards in the family Eublepharidae. The species is endemic to the Okinawa Islands in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan.
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Kuroiwa's ground gecko
Achalinus werneri
Achalinus werneri
Achalinus werneri, also known commonly as the Amami odd-scaled snake and the Amami Takachiho snake, is a species of snake in the family Xenodermatidae. The species is endemic to the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. There are no subspecies that are currently recognized.
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Achalinus werneri
Kishinoue's giant skink
Kishinoue's giant skink
Kishinoue's giant skink is a species of skink, a lizard in the family Scincidae, endemic to the southern Ryukyu Islands of Japan.
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Kishinoue's giant skink
Takydromus smaragdinus
Takydromus smaragdinus
Takydromus smaragdinus, the green grass lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is endemic to the Ryukyu Islands in Japan.
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Takydromus smaragdinus
Kikuzato's brook snake
Kikuzato's brook snake
Kikuzato's brook snake, also known commonly as Kikuzato's stream snake, is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to Japan.
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Kikuzato's brook snake
Ryukyu spiny rat
Ryukyu spiny rat
The Ryukyu spiny rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. Endemic to Amami Ōshima island in the Amami Islands of the Ryukyu archipelago of Japan, its natural habitat is subtropical moist broadleaf forest. The karyotype has an odd diploid number, 2n = 25. Like its relative T. tokunoshimensis, it has lost its Y chromosome and SRY gene. The species is threatened by habitat destruction and fragmentation, predation by feral cats and dogs and ...
introduced mongooses, and competition with introduced black rats.
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Ryukyu spiny rat
Muennink's spiny rat
Muennink's spiny rat
Muennink's spiny rat or Okinawa Spiny Rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. Endemic to Okinawa Island, Japan, its natural habitat is subtropical moist broadleaf forest. The karyotype has 2n = 44. Its sex chromosomes are abnormally large, while the other two species in Tokudaia have lost their Y chromosome. It is found only on the northern part of the island, above 300 m, and is thought to inhabit an area of less than 3 km2.
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Muennink's spiny rat
Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat
Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat
The Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat or Ryukyu rat is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is the only extant species in the genus Diplothrix. It is found only in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. Its natural habitat is temperate forests.
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Ryukyu long-tailed giant rat
Tokunoshima spiny rat
Tokunoshima spiny rat
The Tokunoshima spiny rat is a rodent found only on the island of Tokunoshima in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. Due to its small habitat, it is considered endangered. It is commonly found in the secondary and primary subtropical moist broadleaf forests of this island. The karyotype has an odd diploid number, 2n = 45. Like its relative T. osimensis, it is one of the few mammals that lack a Y chromosome and SRY gene.
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Tokunoshima spiny rat
Ryukyu shrew
Ryukyu shrew
The Ryukyu shrew, also known as Orii's shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Japan. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Ryukyu shrew
Lesser great leaf-nosed bat
Lesser great leaf-nosed bat
The lesser great leaf-nosed bat or lesser roundleaf bat is a species of bat in the family Hipposideridae. It is found in Japan. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
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Lesser great leaf-nosed bat
Southeast Asian long-fingered bat
Southeast Asian long-fingered bat
The Southeast Asian long-fingered bat is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is endemic to Japan. It has been assessed as endangered by the IUCN.
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Southeast Asian long-fingered bat